Any organization which provides support to the medical device industries, pharmaceutical firms etc. in the form of outsourced research services on a contractual basis are said to be contract research organizations (CRO). These organizations can provide a broad range of services in the field of biologic assay development, clinical/preclinical research, commercialization and clinical trial management. These organizations provide the services which can facilitate the complete process of moving a new device or drug into the market starting from its concept development to FDA approval for marketing without the sponsor for the drug having to need to maintain any staff for these services.In the pharmaceutical industry globally there are a lot of intensifying pressure points along the chain of production of any drug from generic drug firms, increase in scrutiny from regulatory bodies, expirations of patents and need for efficiency. With the increased critical importance of research and development, the pharmaceutical and drug development firms allocate a great deal of resources and funds to CROs supporting more of globalized and collaborated research efforts. This is the reason for the increase in the value of strategic partnerships in the new drug development value chain.
The major factor for market growth in this industry is the increase of demand in the market by pharmaceutical companies for outsourcing of research and development activities. This is happening as a consequence of the many efforts that are being made in the market to reduce expenses incurred due to research and development activities would increase profitability. Also by running parallel outsourced clinical researches these firms can reduce their operational costs.The growth for the CRO market is more likely in the regions of India and China as researches there will move higher up the value chain towards the second phase clinical trials.
The major restraint for the contract research organization industry is that even though this industry is growing very quickly, it is getting difficult to align personnel expertise with the requirement of the projects. This is happening due to the fact that there is an unavailability of scientists who are aptly skilled. This has hindered the industry so much so that personnel are now being utilized on short term contract basis as freelance scientists. For attracting skilled personnel there is a need for CROs to set up appropriate internal systems so that scientists can participate more freely in the research projects.
The major players dominating this market space include Pharmaceutical Product Development Inc., Charles River Laboratories International Inc., Quintiles Transnational Corp. and Covance Inc.
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