Polysilicon Market Report

Polysilicon Market Analysis By Application (Photovoltaic, Electronics), By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Central & South America, Middle East & Africa), Trends & Dynamics, Competitive Landscape, And Segment Forecasts, 2014 - 2025

Published: December 2016  |  105 Pages  |  Format: PDF  |  Report ID: GVR-1-68038-340-9

Industry Insights

The global polysilicon market size was estimated at USD 5.49 billion in 2015 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 10.2% from 2016 to 2025. The growing demand for photovoltaics and semiconductors is anticipated to propel growth over the forecast period. Clean energy policy goals and tax exemption in the solar industry are expected to augment demand over the coming years. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the global PV sector is projected to grow at a rate of 25% annually.

The fluidized bed reactor (FBR) and Siemens process are two of the major production techniques used in the manufacture of polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si). Manufacturers prefer different production technologies depending on the end use application and scale of production.

U.S. polysilicon market volume by application, 2014-2025 (Kilo Tons)

U.S. polysilicon market

Investment, expansions, and securing long-term contracts are some of the strategic initiatives undertaken by companies operating in this market. In April 2016, Wacker invested USD 2.5 billion in the development of its Tennessee, the U.S. polysilicon production facility. The plant has an annual capacity of more than 20,000 metric tons.

Consolidations are also expected in the market over the coming years. In September 2016, OCI Company Ltd. announced its plans to acquire Tokuyama’s Malaysian polysilicon operations by the end of March 2017.

Application Insights

Polysilicon is widely used in the manufacture of solar photovoltaic panels and semiconductors. The photovoltaic segment is projected to experience exponential growth due to upcoming clean energy projects in several countries.

The manufacture of solar grade silicon (SG-Si) using the FBR technology remains the most efficient way to produce 8N purity poly-Si. The FBR process enables continuous production and reduces energy consumption. According to REC Silicon, the FBR process helps to manufacture SG-Si at low cost while reducing energy consumption by 80% as compared to the Siemens technology.

According to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Journal of Photovoltaic, in 2000, approximately 80% of the polysilicon production was consumed by the semiconductor sector. However, in 2008 the industry experienced a major trend reversal, whereby the solar sector consumed 60% to 80% of the production.

Electronic grade silicon (EG-Si) is used for fabrication of single crystal silicon used in integrated circuits (IC), very large scale integration (VLSI), and ultra-scale integration (ULSI). The electronics segment requires high purity poly-Si ranging between 9N to 11N. Siemens process is used to produce EG-Si which meets high resistivity and purity standards. 

Polysilicon market share by application, 2015

polysilicon market

Regional Insights

In 2015, Asia Pacific occupied the largest share owing to rapid growth of the solar energy sector, technological advancements, high GDP growth rates, and increasing demand for consumer electronics. China, Japan, and South Korea are some of the major poly-Siproducers operating within the region.

North America held the second largest share and is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 10% over the forecast period. Initiatives undertaken in the U.S. to lower carbon footprints and increasing production of consumer electronics has given thrust to the market.

Central & South America is projected to grow at the second highest CAGR on account of major solar PV installation projects planned over the coming years in countries such as Chile, Brazil, and Honduras.

Competitive Insights

Influential companies operating in the market include Wacker Chemie, GCL-Poly, OIC Chemical, REC Silicon, Tokuyama Corporation, LDK Solar Co. Ltd., Hemlock Semiconductor Group, SunEdison, DAQO New Energy, and TBEA Co. Ltd.

Over the past few years, companies operating in the industry have faced several challenges such as plant shutdowns, anti-dumping regulations, and oversupply. However, over the forecast period the market is expected to experience a more balanced supply and demand scenario, price stability, and profitability. Companies have also adopted forward integration strategies and entered into the semiconductor and photovoltaic sector.

Report Scope

Attribute

Details

Base year for estimation

2015

Actual estimates/Historical data

2014 & 2015

Forecast period

2016 - 2025

Market representation

Volume in Kilo Tons and Revenue in USD Million & CAGR from 2016 to 2025

Regional scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Central & South America & MEA

Country scope

U.S., Canada, Mexico, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia, Chile, Honduras, South Africa, Algeria

Report coverage             

Revenue forecast, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends

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Segments covered in the report

This report forecasts volume & revenue growth and provides an analysis on the latest trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this report, Grand View Research has segmented the global polysilicon market on the basis of application and region:

  • Application Outlook (Volume, Kilo Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
    • Photovoltaic

    • Electronics       

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Kilo Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
    • North America

      • U.S

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • UK

      • Germany

      • France

      • Italy

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

      • South Korea

      • Australia

    • Middle East and Africa

      • South Africa

      • Algeria

    • Central & South America

      • Chile

      • Honduras

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