Global monochloroacetic acid demand is expected to witness a steady growth mainly on account of increasing pesticide manufacturing in countries including China, Germany, Netherlands, and India.
Expanding application base in the end use industries which include petrochemicals, healthcare, personal care, and textile provide lucrative is expected to further growth opportunities in near future.
Monochloroacetic acid (MCA) is an organochlorine compound having a molecular formula ClCH2CO2H. Most of the industrial applications take the advantage of strong carbon-chlorine bond and therefore forms an important compound in organic synthesis.
It is soluble in acetone, methanol, diethyl ether, benzene, chloroform, and ethanol. The product is globally manufactured with the help of two methods where the most popular preparation involves chlorination of acetic acid.
This reaction makes use of acetic anhydride as a catalyst. The other industrial production takes place through hydrolysis of trichloroethylene. Sulfuric acid is used as a catalyst in this process. MCA is obtained in a much pure form through hydrolysis method.
Many leading companies are investing in the manufacturing and development of crop protection chemicals to exploit the growth seen in the market. The growing demand for these products is forcing global players to widen their portfolio by introducing new crop protection offerings.
Increasing MCA usage in the manufacturing of herbicides is anticipated to contribute significantly towards the global market volume. Dimethoate which is an important chemical used in the preparation of herbicide is obtained through alkylation of mono chloroacetic acid.
Increasing agriculture based industries in Brazil, India and China owing to favorable government policies coupled with easy availability of raw materials is expected to encourage the demand for pesticide manufacturing which in turn is supposed to propel the MCA demand over the forecast period.
Chloroacetic acid is used in the production of carboxymethyl starch and carboxymethyl cellulose. These derivative compounds are used as thickening agents in toothpaste, paints, textiles, paper products, laxatives, and detergents.
Carboxymethylcellulose often employed in the food & beverages industry as a modified starch and to thicken desserts, ice creams, and confectionaries. Safety concerns associated with the usage of MCA is expected to pose a significant challenge to the overall industrial growth.
Monochloroacetic acid is categorized as a hazardous alkylating agent. The product can easily penetrate the skin and affects the cellular energy making. It becomes necessary to decontaminate the affected area immediately with bicarbonate solution or water to neutralize the effect of acid and prevent skin absorption.
Sodium dichloroacetate is used as an antidote for mono chloroacetic acid. The global industry is segmented by end-use industries which include agrochemicals, cellulosic, surfactants and thioglycolic acid.
Agrochemical Manufacturing is the largest part with approximately accounted for half of the global demand in 2014. Cellulosic has shown tremendous growth in recent years mainly on account of its expanding usage in personal care, cosmetics, and food industries.
Thioglycolic acid is obtained by displacement of chloride in MCA using sulfide. It is used to stabilize polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Asia Pacific was the dominant region both regarding demand and production.
The majority of the consumption area is covered by the regional pesticide manufacturing industry. Countries including China and India were the leading countries for MCA use owing to the presence of significant pesticide manufacturing companies in these emerging economies.
The Indian government launched the Draft National Chemical Policy in the year 2014 to increase the chemical production by 2020. Such government initiative is expected to provide golden opportunities for regional market development.
Asia Pacific demand was followed by North America owing to the introduction of hydraulic fracturing with the development of shale gas coupled with oil & gas technological advancement, which has led to the increase in energy production.
Drilling of oil deposits and natural gas exploration at the domestic level is anticipated to propel the demand for drilling fluids which in turn is expected to drive the MCA growth mainly in the U.S.
Europe has been a lucrative market on account of chloroacetic acid application in cosmetics. The product usage in the manufacturing of imidazole and betaines used in personal care products and cosmetics drive the market in countries including Germany, France and Netherlands.
The compound finds its application in the mining industry especially in the extraction of taconite and iron ore. Africa is expected to witness a significant demand on account of robust mining techniques.
South America and the Middle East is anticipated to observe a steady growth owing to the increasing demand for drilling fluids. Key players in the global market include Dow chemical company, DuPont, Akzo Nobel, Denak Co, CABB GmbH, Daicel, Solvay, and Niacet.
In 2015, Dow Chemical company has planned to increase their cellulosic production capacity in the Asia Pacific. Further, in 2015, DuPont collaborated with New Tianlong Company for setting up a cellulosic ethanol production plant in China. These strategic initiatives are expected to contribute significantly towards increasing MCA demand.
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