The global host computers market demand is expected to grow owing to need for web presence expansion of organizations. With the increase in the technology required for processing & hosting websites, the level of expertise required for effectively and efficiently managing the data centers is anticipated to witness a considerable growth over the forecast period. The small & medium-sized businesses require complex websites which serve mobile & tablet interfaces, and desktops. These businesses further require value-added website design & management services from the industry operators along with web hosting.
Host computers are accessed by a user working at a remote location where the computer systems are connected by modems and telephone lines. The host computers consist of unique IP address which provides the infrastructure for a computer service. The IP addresses are further configured either automatically at start-up by means of the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), stateless address auto configuration methods or manually by an administrator. The host computer networks which participate in applications uses the client-server model of computing and can be further classified as client or server systems. Furthermore, the network host computers may also function as nodes in peer-to-peer applications, wherein all the nodes share & consume resources in an equipotent manner.
Virtual hosting is the provision of web server hosting services wherein a company doesn’t need to purchase and maintain its own web server & the connections to the internet. Virtual hosting is also engaged in providing customers websites with registration assistance, an allocation of file storage and directory setup for the web site files which includes e-mail addresses, HTML & graphic image files, and web site creation services. In case of the individuals or companies with a website, a host refers to a computer with a web server which serves the pages for one or more sites. Virtual hosting implies that the services provided by them are transparent and furthermore, each website will have its own set of e-mail addresses and domain name.
The host computers market can be segmented into four types of web hosting services which include free hosting, shared hosting, dedicated hosting and collocated hosting. Each hosting account further has its own secure virtual space on the server where the files of the subsequent site can be uploaded. Free web hosting is preferred in case of a non-critical website wherein the connection speed is slow and also advertising banners are automatically added to the website. The shared hosting account offers multiple software solutions like database, different editing options and e-mail. With dedicated hosting, the web site is hosted on a dedicated server and is preferred for web sites with higher traffic further using special softwares. In collocated hosting an ISP will have dedicated resources which include regulated backup power, high-security against fire and vandalism, and dedicated Internet connections.
Cloud hosting has virtualized networking and storage. With the increase in the adoption rate of the cloud computing services, the infrastructural level of services is expected to drive the host computers market considerably over the forecast period. The cloud computing services include both Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS). Under the IaaS offerings the client is being provided with the virtualised hardware resource wherein the software environment before building the web application can be installed. Additionally, on a PaaS service, the client is provided with the software environment, such as a solution stack further including database support, web server, software operating system, & programming support wherein the web application can be directly installed and developed.
The key host computers market players include AT&T, Equinix, and SAVVIS for collocated hosting. Shared hosting includes players such as Yahoo, and NTT Verio. AT & T offers web hosting environment which, includes share hosting and virtual & managed dedicated servers. These services enable shared space and applications without the need for complex multi-server environment of enterprise hosting.
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