Global biochar market size was 1,000.0 kilo tons in 2014 and is expected to witness steady growth over the next seven years owing to increasing demand from the agricultural sector in various countries including U.S., Canada, Germany and Australia. Its ability to enhance soil fertility and plant growth is expected to be a key factor on account of growing global population and rising demand for organic food.
Increasing biochar importance in livestock farming as it provides essential nutrients is expected to propel growth over the forecast period. High consumption of meat is expected to play a major role in industry expansion in the near future.
Rising demand for organic farming in North America and Europe in light of large-scale production is expected to stimulate growth over the next seven years. Government support for large-scale gasification projects is another factor that is expected to promote biochar market growth in the near future.
Lack of consumer awareness regarding long-term benefits of biochar has been a key challenge for market growth. Also, financial barriers and technological constraints are expected to restrain industry growth over the forecast period. Rising demand for organic farming and organic food will open new avenues for producers, thereby promoting expansion.
U.S. pyrolysis technology market revenue, by technology, 2012 - 2022 (USD Million)
Pyrolysis technology is expected to witness rapid growth at a CAGR of over 11.0% in terms of revenue from 2015 to 2022 owing to high yield, along with high carbon content and stability. Pyrolysis technology is one of the most efficient and effective ways of producing high-quality product.
Gasification technology is expected to lose its market share over the forecast period as it does not produce stable biochar which can be used in agriculture for soil amendment and soil enhancement purposes. Gasification technology is used in large biomass reactors for energy and power generation. Other technologies include cooking stove, hydrothermal carbonized, and acid hydrolysis.
Agriculture was the largest application segment in 2014 and accounted for over 85% of the market share. Livestock farming including cattle farming, meat production, and poultry farming contribute to a large proportion of the overall consumption in agriculture.
Other applications include water treatment and waste treatment facilities. Emerging economies such as China and India have witnessed an increase in demand for water treatment facilities owing to increasing the need for better water infrastructure and growing hygiene awareness.
Organic farming is expected to gain volume share as it improves productivity by providing essential nutrients for plant growth. Increasing usage of biochar in light of its excellent carbon carrier properties will fuel demand. Growing organic food sector on account of rising consumer health concerns is expected to stimulate demand.
North America was the dominant player in 2014 and accounted for 656.0 kilo tons and is expected to show significant growth on account of increasing the need for organic food and high consumption of meat. Europe was the second largest market accounting for over 24% of the market volume.
High consumption of biochar in livestock farming owing to its ability to provide essential nutrients and maintain the health of livestock will promote industry expansion in the region. Also, growing government support on organic farming will create immense potential over the upcoming years.
North America and Europe have witnessed a significant rise in the number of small and medium scale producers which is expected to play a major role in developing the industry. Australia is expected to witness steady growth over the forecast period owing to rising number of companies and increasing awareness about the product’s benefits and advantages.
The market is fragmented in nature with few key players including Biochar Supreme, LLC. Timber companies such as Weyerhaeuser, Georgia-Pacific, and West Fraser supply wood residue and wood pellets to various biochar manufacturers. The industry, especially in North America, has numerous small entrepreneurs including Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., who are completely integrated into the value chain, from production stage to the selling stage. Companies such as 3R ENVIRO TECH Group, Pacific Pyrolysis, Cool Planet Energy Systems Inc., and Phoenix Energy provide pyrolysis technology to produce the product and waste to energy solutions.
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