Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is a programmable semiconductor device or integrated circuit (IC). The device could be reprogrammed as per desired application or functionality requirement as against Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) that are function-specific. FPGAs offer numerous advantages such as easy debugging, rapid prototyping, low cost and lower the risk of product obsolescence. The rise in demand for customizable integrated circuits serves as a key driver of the FPGA market.
High demand for power-efficient and high performance IC designs is expected to favorably impact market growth. Furthermore, advancement in the telecom industry such as 3G and LTE technologies coupled with increased demand for bandwidth in wireless networks is expected to positively impact the market over the forecast period. Increased electronic applications in the automotive sector and the advent of hybrid and electric vehicles utilizing FPGA is also expected to serve as a market driver. FPGA demand in medical imaging is expected to increase over the forecast period; this can be attributed to the advantages in digital signal processing it offers over other processors. However, design complexities in FPGA and use of substitutes such as ASIC technology in certain applications could pose a challenge to this market. The global FPGA market was valued at USD 5,386.3 million in 2013 and is expected to reach USD 9,882.5 million by 2020, growing at a CAGR of 9.1% from 2014 to 2020.
Telecom accounted for 33% of the market in 2013 and is expected to remain the largest segment over the next six years. FPGA devices are widely used in wireless network applications. In addition, automotive and consumer electronics segment is expected to grow at a rate higher than the global average over the forecast period from 2014 to 2020. In the consumer electronics sector, growing popularity of smartphones, advanced touch screen functions, phablets, tablets, etc. is expected to drive the demand for FPGA. Advanced Driving Assistance System (ADAS) such as GPS maps, AFS (Advanced Front-lighting System), 3D visualization, collision avoidance system, etc. make extensive use of FPGA devices. Furthermore, FPGA technology in military and aerospace applications such as RADAR and SONAR, warfare electronics, unmanned vehicles, etc. is also expected to contribute to market growth.
Asia-Pacific was the largest regional market in 2013; it is expected to maintain its leadership position over the next six years. The market in this region is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 9.6% from 2014 to 2020, owing to various applications in telecom and consumer electronics segment. In North America, the telecom sector was valued at USD 540 million in 2013 and is expected to grow at the fastest CAGR from 2014 to 2020. In addition, increased application in the industrial and automotive industry is expected to serve as a market driver for this region. The European market was valued at USD 1,175.3 million in 2013 and is expected to grow at a rate lower than the overall average over the forecast period. Regulations for safety in automobiles, including the Electronic Stability Program (ESP) as well as the installation of Antilock Braking System (ABS) and electronically controlled independent suspension are expected to positively impact the regional market.
The global FPGA market comprises companies such as Xilinx, Altera, Microsemi Corporation, Lattice Semiconductor, Cypress Semiconductor, Aeroflex Inc, Atmel Corporation, etc. Altera offers a wide range of FPGA devices categorized on the basis of cost into high-end FPGA (Stratix series), mid-range FPGA (Arria series) and low-cost FPGA (Cyclone series). Xilinx devices are categorized based on performance and functionality as Spartan, Artix, Kintex, Virtex, Kintex Ultrascale and Virtex Ultrascale. Both firms offer products for a wide range of applications in the automobile industry, medical imaging, telecom industry, consumer electronics, military, and aerospace, etc.
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