Distributed Control Systems (DCS) is a collection of modules, each having its specific functions, interconnected to carry out an integrated data acquisition and control application. It refers to a control system in which elements are distributed throughout the system, where each subsystem is controlled by one or more controllers. The entire controller system is connected through networks for monitoring and communication. DCS has capacity for processing large number of I/O points, also has networking capabilities which are useful in process management.DCS is most commonly used in manufacturing equipment and uses protocols of input and output to control them. Wide usage of DCS in the industrial applications such as chemicals, water and waste water industry, power generation, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals and paper and pulp; is expected to increase DCS demand. Growing demand for power is expected to increase demand for DCS as government has been setting up new power generation stations or upgrading the existing power stations for capacity expansion. Risk to human life is reduced due to the implementation of DCS, so these systems can be implemented in hazardous environments.Worldwide rapid industrialization, cost effectiveness of DCS, development of open source DCS and migration strategy of customers are expected to be the major drivers for distributed control systems market. Lack of technical skills and inability to differentiate specific DCS products are expected to me major market restraints. Demand for energy based sales and retrofits may be seen as new opportunity for market players. Shift in I/O type, more intelligent I/O sub-system, cyber security, virtualization, modular skid mounted DCS, and need for network consulting service have been the major trends in distributed control systems market.
Hardware, software and services are the various products offered in distributed control systems market. Software segment is the largest product segment in this market due to system up-grade requirement by existing distributed control systems. DCS I/O modules, DCS controllers, networking hardware and workstations are the hardware products offered in the market. Demand for DCS hardware is expected to grow on a large scale due to increasing Greenfield projects in Asia Pacific region. Demand for DCS services is expected to grow due to increasing adaptation of this technology.
End-Use Industry Insights
Demand for distributes control systems has been increasing due to its applications in wide range of industries such as chemical, metal and mining, pharmaceutical, oil and gas, pulp and paper, power, water and waste water treatment and others. Demand from oil and gas industry has been increasing due to the demand for technologically advanced systems for controlling and monitoring activities which will enable to increase the production. Use of distributed control systems in power generation will enable to eliminate human errors during power generation process and increase power generation speed.
High demand is expected from Asia Pacific and Middle East regions due to increasing manufacturing activities in these regions. High demand for small distributed control systems in expected in Asia Pacific region due to importance of cost factor in consumer purchase behavior.Demand in the regions of North America and Europe may vary due to diminishing Greenfield investments in these regions and high adaptation to new technologies.
Focus on mergers, acquisitions, contracts and agreements with companies for their product supply are the main strategies applies by major players in the market to retain their high market share.Global distributed control systems market comprises of companies such as GE Electric, ABB Ltd, Toshiba International Corp, Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd, Siemens AG, Emerson Electric Co., Rockwell Automation Inc., Honeywell International Inc. and Invensys Plc. ABB Ltd has been the market leader followed by Siemens AG and Honeywell. Extensive industry knowledge, quality products, application expertise and innovation has enabled ABB to gain large and loyal customer base. SIMATIC PCS 7 is the distributed control system developed by ABB Ltd for the Pharmaceutical Industry.