GVR Report cover Agricultural Fumigants Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Agricultural Fumigants Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Product (1,3-dichloropropene, Chloropicrin, Dimethyl Disulfide), By Application, By Form, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2019 - 2025

  • Published Date: Jan, 2019
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2017
  • Report ID: GVR-3-68038-003-3
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2014 - 2016
  • Number of Pages: 118

Industry Insights

The global agricultural fumigants market size was estimated at USD 856.15 million in 2017. It is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 5.0% over the forecast period. Evolving requirements pertaining to crop protection techniques and post-harvest practices is driving the growth.

Phosphine is the most dominant product, which is extensively used in closed warehouses to protect the harvested crops from insects and other pest attacks. They have the ability to diffuse easily and penetrate into bulks of stored grains as well as actively perform fumigation activity for more than a week, post-application.

U.S. agricultural fumigants market

Agricultural soil fumigants fall under restricted use category of pesticides and this directly implies that all the products can only be used by authorized applicators across the globe. There are numerous soil fumigating techniques, such as drip tubing, non-tarped bedded, tarped broadcast application and more, which differ based on types of soil, pests, and crops.

Liquid variant is the most dominant form and is anticipated to witness the fastest growth compared to its counterparts. This form is typically injected in the soil, which transforms into a protective gas layer around the roots to prevent them from degrading due to pest attack. There are multiple regulations laid down globally in term of gaseous variants because they are toxic to human health and are simultaneously hazardous to the environment.

Application Insights

Soil fumigation is a technique of pre-plant treatment of soil using chemicals to control crop infections caused by rodents, nematodes, weed, and insects among others. All fumigants that are applied to plants are phytotoxic; thus, they should dissipate from the soil before seeding or transplanting to avoid crop damage. The application of these products to soil largely depends on a broad spectrum of factors including soil type, crop type and texture, air space, local moisture content, temperature, and dosage among others.

The nature of fumigant movement is typically from high concentration areas to low concentration areas. Traditionally, their application involved the usage of fumigant storage compartments attached with tractors, which had a metering device to control the dosage. Various applications include row or bed treatment, deep placement with complete application, surface sealing, plow sole application, and precision tillage.

Other applications majorly include warehouses and transportation ships. The type of warehouse and storage fumigation depends upon the duration of storage, covering of commodities, and type of room. Majority of the companies prefer methyl bromide fumigation, wherein the stored grains are supposed to be shipped in a short span of time.

Form Insights

On the basis of form, the agricultural fumigants market is trifurcated into solid, liquid, and gas. Solid form includes the usage of powder, pellets, and tablets to control insects and other pests. It is the safest of the three forms owing to its ease of sprinkling and lower chances of exposure to gases upon application. It is also considered comparatively safer for the environment in most regions across the globe.

Liquid form includes soluble products used to eliminate molds, insects, and pests among others. They are usually sprayed over the desired land area using typical sprayers. The disbursement volume of solvent is at the discretion of the applicator. This form of fumigation is usually considered the safest when it is performed in either enclosed chambers or completely open outdoor areas.

The gaseous form is typically applied in enclosed chambers, which also have a gas-proof covering to avoid leakage of gas into the environment. It is also known as space fumigation and is carried out with precaution to restrict gaseous dispersion into the environment as they contain substances, such as methyl bromide that cause ozone depletion. These effectively eliminate insects, nematodes, termites, and weeds among others.

Product Insights

1,3-dichloropropene is an essential fumigant and is considered as a feasible substitute to Bromomethane (MeBr). 1,3-dichloropropene contains lower vapor pressure and kH as well as higher degradation rates and high level of sorption coefficients as compared to bromomethane. A higher sorption coefficient eventually enables the compound to be more persistent in soil.

Chloropicrin is often used as an alternative to methyl bromide. The impact of chloropicrin is quite negative when bacterial flora changes are considered in soil function. Environmental deterioration is also a key criterion while using Chloropicrin compound. Chloropicrin is often combined with 1,3-dichloropropene for deriving the desired results in agriculture.

Global agricultural fumigants market

Metam potassium is usually applied for premium crop and plant cultivation, which includes strawberries, carrots, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumber, green peas, and sweet peppers among others. Growing of tree nurseries and ornamental plants also demands premium-grade Metam Potassium.

Phosphine is the fastest growing product globally regardless of its potential to cause human health hazard. This is toxic as well as flammable and should be applied only by authorized applicators. Phosphine application should be done for a long duration and in closed and compact houses for maximum results. This practice should be done based on the area to be treated rather than the amount of commodity and is strictly banned for usage in spaces, which are not absolutely sealed, as they have the potential to cause serious damage to animal and humans in the vicinity.

Regional Insights

North America was the leading region in terms of volume consumption and accounted for around 34.5% market share in 2017. The region comprises of multiple crop protection chemical manufacturers and the need for sustainable agriculture is ever-growing. The region is also highly regulated by numerous regulations to protect farming. The manufacturers are compelled to adhere to the established guidelines to ensure sustainability of the product and to achieve maximum output.

Asia Pacific is expected to be the fastest growing regional segment over the forecast period on account of numerous macro-economic factors, such as increasing availability and awareness regarding usage of these products as a crop protection technique. Increasing number of manufacturers owing to cheap labor is anticipated to drive the regional market in the forthcoming years.

Europe is one of the significant consumers of pesticides and counterparts on account of its growing agriculture industry, aided by land availability and suitable weather conditions that lead to the vast production of multiple crops. Conversely, multiple agencies are establishing regulations regarding the excessive utilization of soil protection chemicals in the region. This, in turn, has paved the way for organic farming practices across Europe.

In 2009, the European Union pesticide policy declared multiple fumigants and pesticides including Metam Sodium and 1,3-Dichloropropene as hazardous substances to the human health and environment. However, later in the same year, the council declared to its member states to continue the usage of the aforementioned substances in a specified quantity, which was later categorized under essential use.

Agricultural Fumigants Market Share Insights

North America and Asia Pacific are the major regional markets. The market is majorly dependent on the area under cultivation and the regulations in various countries. Rising population in Asia Pacific is expected to boost demand for these products as they have an important role to play in improving agriculture productivity. Presence of manufacturers in India and China is expected to benefit the growth of the industry across Asia Pacific.

Suppliers are a vital component in the value chain as they help in bridging the gap for manufacturers and simultaneously cut out on extra expenditure. The suppliers help increase the reach of these materials as they act as an intermediate for farmers in remote areas for the product supplies. The major focus of manufacturers lies on increasing their product reach as it helps to strengthen their regional dominance.

The key players in the market are Bayer CropScience AG; The Dow Chemical Company; Great Lakes Solutions; Arkema; AMVAC Chemical Corporation; Syngenta AG; Chemtura Corporation; BASF SE; Trinity Manufacturing, Inc.; Arysta LifeScience Limited; and Novozymes.

Report Scope



Base year for estimation


Actual estimates/Historical data

2014 - 2016

Forecast period

2018 - 2025

Market representation

Volume in kilotons, Revenue in USD Million & CAGR from 2018 to 2025

Regional scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Central & South America, Middle East & Africa

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company share, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends

Country Scope

U.S., Canada, Mexico, Germany, U.K., France, China, India, Japan, Brazil, UAE

15% free customization scope (equivalent to 5-analyst working days)

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Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts revenue growth at a global, regional, and country level and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global agricultural fumigants market report on the basis of product, application, form, and region:

  • Product Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • 1,3 Dichloropropene

    • Chloropicrin

    • Dimethyl Disulfide

    • Methyl Bromide

    • Metam Potassium

    • Metam Sodium

    • Phosphine

    • Others

  • Application Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • Soil

    • Others

  • Form Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • Solid

    • Liquid

    • Gas

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • North America

      • U.S

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • U.K.

      • France

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

    • Central & South America

      • Brazil

    • Middle East & Africa

      • UAE

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