GVR Report cover Carbon Steel Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Carbon Steel Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report, By Type (Low Carbon Steel, Medium Carbon Steel, High Carbon Steel), By Application (Shipbuilding, Automotive, Construction), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2023 - 2030

  • Report ID: GVR-4-68038-415-4
  • Number of Pages: 108
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)

Report Overview

The global carbon steel market size was valued at USD 947.60 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.0% from 2023 to 2030. Increasing focus on infrastructure development particularly in Asia Pacific countries is projected to drive the consumption of carbon steel products over the coming years. The Asia Pacific is likely to attract nearly 50% of infrastructure investment over the coming years. Countries such as India, China, and Southeast Asian countries are spending higher portion of their budget on infrastructure development to boost the overall economic growth. Carbon steel finds numerous applications in infrastructure, wherein it is used in frame materials, pipelines, fencing, gates, and variety of structural sections.

U.S. carbon steel market size and growth rate, 2023 - 2030

In terms of revenue, U.S. accounted for a market share of 7.3% in the global carbon steel industry. In U.S., the market is likely to be driven by a consistent increase in construction spending and moderate growth in the automotive sector over the coming years. As per the statistics provided by the U.S. Census Bureau, the annual value of the construction put in place has consistently increased in the last eight years. It has reached USD 1,798.09 billion in 2022 from USD 1,140.16 billion in 2015.

The U.S. non-residential sector accounted for 49.3% in total construction value of 2022 and is likely to play key role in rising demand for carbon steel products. The growth of non-residential sector is projected to be driven by government investment to replace the old infrastructure such as bridges, construction structures, and other transportation infrastructure.

The automotive sector in the U.S. has witnessed sluggish growth in the recent years. For instance, registration of vehicles in the country observed a decline of 1.5% in 2022 from 2021. However, the automotive sector in the country has achieved sales of over 10 million unit, with y-o-y increase of 10% in 2022. Carbon steel products such as gears, ratchets, shafts, and transmission parts are anticipated to witness incessant demand on account of positive long-term outlook of the automotive sector.

Type Insights

In terms of volume, the low carbon steel accounted for a market share of 90.8% in 2022. Based on type, the market has been categorized into low, medium, and high carbon steel. Low carbon steel is by far the largest segment and has observed the highest penetration in various end-use industries. Low carbon steel contains carbon content below 0.25 percent by weight. It is also referred as mild steel and can be used to create various shapes ranging from structural beams to flat sheets. It possesses versatile properties such as ductility, malleability, and cold forming abilities. It is available at a low cost compared to its counterparts.

Medium carbon steel contains higher carbon and manganese contents than low carbon steel, which makes it stronger but difficult to be shaped. Considering its characteristics such as high strength and good weldability, it is preferred in the production of machine and car parts. Thus, the segment is likely to witness CAGR of 3.0% in terms of revenue.

Application Insights

The construction industry held the largest volume share of nearly 42.0% in 2022 and this trend is anticipated to continue over the forecast period. Low carbon steel offers excellent forming and welding capabilities along with advantages such as no cracks on bending, flexibility, ductility, plasticity, and endurance in case of calamities like earthquakes, which make it a preferable choice in the construction industry. Carbon steel’s strength in calamity situations is its major benefit, which prevents the building from collapsing and saving its occupants.

Carbon steel finds application in shipbuilding, construction, automotive, and other applications such as energy, machinery, appliances, and material handling. The usage of steel in shipbuilding is owing to its mechanical properties and low cost. Carbon steel is of vital importance in the ship-building industry, however, the decline in industry growth along with the preference towards substitutes such as aluminum alloys is anticipated to hinder product consumption in the shipbuilding sector over the forecast period.

Global carbon steel market share and size, 2022

Automotive is projected to grow at the rate of 3.9%, in terms of revenue, from 2023 to 2030. Ductility and forming abilities of low carbon steel make it applicable in making the body structure and trunk closures of vehicles along with wear resistant gears. Medium carbon steel is used in the automotive industry as well as it offers higher strength and durability than low carbon, with little ductile properties. Growing emphasis towards lightweight vehicles is expected to propel carbon steel consumption in the automotive industry.

Regional Insights

In terms of revenue, Asia Pacific held the highest market share of over 66.0% in 2022 and likely to observe a lucrative growth rate during the forecast period. Expansion of shipbuilding in the recent years coupled with high industrial output from construction and automotive sectors are likely to contribute in the rising demand for the product.

The shipbuilding industry in Southeast Asia and China has witnessed growing demand in several past years. The industry has performed well after economic crisis in 2008. For instance, Philippines has been gradually growing as one of the leading shipbuilding centers since 2010 and has become the industry’s fourth largest shipbuilding hub in the world.

Carbon Steel Market Trends by Region, 2023 - 2030

In terms of revenue, North America is likely to attain a CAGR of 3.1% from 2023 to 2030. In recent past, the demand for carbon steel in the U.S. benefitted from strong economic growth, which was driven by the government-led fiscal stimulus, leading to high business confidence. This led to high construction spending in the region. According to the statistics of the U.S. Census Bureau, the value of total construction put in place in U.S. increased by 10.6% in 2022 from 2021.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

The market is slightly leaning towards consolidation. Recently, the industry has witnessed several mergers and acquisitions at a local level. For instance, in August 2022, Arcelor-Nippon Steel India announced acquisition of some infrastructure assets including electricity transmission lines and 2 power plants from Essar Group. This will ensure consistent seamless movement of finished goods and raw materials for Arcelor- Nippon Steel India. Some prominent players in the global carbon steel market include:

  • AK Steel Corporation

  • ArcelorMittal

  • Baosteel Group

  • Evraz plc

  • HBIS Group

  • JFE Steel Corporation

  • Nippon Steel Corporation

  • NLMK


  • United States Steel

Carbon Steel Market Report Scope 

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2023

USD 980.32 billion

Revenue forecast in 2030

USD 1,301.53 billion

Growth rate

CAGR of 4.0% from 2023 to 2030

Market size volume in 2023

1,769.20 million tons

Volume forecast in 2030

2,243.52 million tons

Growth rate

CAGR of 3.3% from 2023 to 2030

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2018 - 2021

Forecast period

2023 - 2030

Quantitative Units

Volume in kilotons, revenue in USD million, and CAGR from 2023 to 2030

Report coverage

Volume forecast, revenue forecast, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Type, application, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Central & South America; Middle East & Africa

Country scope

U.S.; Canada; Mexico; Germany; U.K.; Russia; China; India; Japan; Brazil

Key companies profiled

HBIS Group; Baosteel Group; ArcelorMittal; Nippon Steel Corporation; POSCO; AK Steel Corporation; NLMK; Evraz plc; United States Steel; and JFE Steel Corporation.

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope.

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Global Carbon Steel Market Report Segmentation

This report forecasts revenue and volume growth at global, regional and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2018 to 2030. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global carbon steel market report on the basis of type, application, and region:

Global Carbon Steel Market Report Segmentation

  • Type Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • Low Carbon Steel

    • Medium Carbon Steel

    • High Carbon Steel

  • Application Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • Shipbuilding

    • Construction

    • Automotive

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • U.K.

      • Russia

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • Japan

      • India

    • Central and South America

      • Brazil

    • Middle East & Africa

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