Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide (EMD) Market Size Report By Application (Battery (Lithium-ion, Alkaline, Zinc Carbon), Water Treatment, Others), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2018 - 2025Report

Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide (EMD) Market Size Report By Application (Battery (Lithium-ion, Alkaline, Zinc Carbon), Water Treatment, Others), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2018 - 2025

  • Published Date: Feb, 2018
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2016
  • Report ID: 978-1-68038-555-7
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2014 - 2015
  • Number of Pages: 99

Industry Insights

The global electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) market size was estimated at 586.1 kilo tons in 2016. Increasing demand for batteries in various end-use sectors such as automotive and electrical is expected to drive industry growth over the forecast period.

Electrolytic manganese dioxide, employed as a cathode, is an essential component of alkaline, lithium-ion, and zinc carbon batteries. Lithium-ion batteries with EMD electrode are observed to offer extended duration of power storage. Major technological developments in the market include wind and solar farm grid electrical storage batteries, which are more energy- and cost-efficient than lithium batteries.

U.S. electrolytic manganese dioxide market

The expanding electric vehicle (EV) market, especially in matured economies such as Germany, U.S., and Japan, is another major factor steering market growth. Increasing acceptance of electric and hybrid vehicles, coupled with government incentives for EV technology, is expected to enhance the demand for high-capacity batteries over the next few years. This is estimated to promote EMD market growth.

The U.S. mineral policy promotes development of the private sector for mineral extraction and processing in the region. Favorable legislative norms are expected to drive domestic production and reduce reliance on imported minerals. Companies are investing heavily in cost-effective manganese dioxide production to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the process. Technological innovations could lead to cost-effective production and boost monetization of such initiatives.

Conventionally, converting manganese oxide ores to EMD involves a high-temperature pyro-metallurgical roast process. It is highly energy-inefficient and causes pollution by emitting a large amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. It also increases particulate pollution levels in the environment and causes dangerous metal ion pollution, which affects streams and aquifers, drinking water, and agricultural land.

Companies such as Mesa Mineral have developed and patented an alternative route to extract manganese from low-grade manganese oxide ores. Known as the hydrometallurgical process, it converts the ore into very pure and high-quality EMD. This is further used in lithium-ion and alkaline battery production.

Application Insights

Batteries emerged as the dominant application segment in the electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) market, with a total share of just over 90% of the global EMD demand in 2016. The electrolytic manganese dioxide market is anticipated to witness rapid growth over the forecast period on account of rising demand for batteries in electric vehicles. Increasing demand for high-performance batteries in emerging economies such as India and China is anticipated to drive the global market in future.

Alkaline batteries have witnessed increasing demand over the past few years. They are the most widely used battery type, with highest consumption reported in U.S., Switzerland, and U.K. These batteries have also exhibited the highest market penetration. Alkaline batteries are designed to exhibit reliable performance and can be used in electronic products such as clocks, radios, and remote-controlled equipment.

Their long runtime makes them preferable for hand-held games, MP3 players, and digital cameras. Alkaline batteries exhibit higher energy levels and fewer chances of electrolyte leakage. Wind and solar power systems, which require batteries with high energy densities to charge during low power consumption and to discharge during peak energy demand, increasingly use this type of battery.

Global EMD market

Lithium-ion batteries are estimated to be the fastest growing battery systems used in high-energy density and lightweight applications such as notebook computers and cellular phones. Growing demand for EV and electric components has attributed to rising demand for Li-ion battery over the past few years.

The water treatment segment is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 2.8% in terms of volume over the next eight years. Electrolytic manganese dioxide is used in electrodes in water treatment plants as it separates waste from water. A growing water purifier industry, particularly in Asia Pacific, is anticipated to drive product demand over the foreseeable future.

Regional Insights

North America dominated the global EMD industry, accounting for over 41% of the total demand in 2016. However, the regional market is anticipated to lose share on account of growing demand for primary and secondary cells in Asia Pacific. This demand primarily stems from the electric vehicles industry in APAC. In Central and South America, Colombia is estimated to witness steady development in its battery market owing to extensive R&D activities in battery production in the country.

Asia Pacific is estimated to expand at a significant CAGR from 2017 to 2025 on account of rising usage in battery applications and high potential in the rechargeable segment. Increasing significance of primary cells in electronic products is anticipated to drive the regional market over the next eight years.

China was observed as a major EMD producer and exporter in 2016. India is projected to be one of the fastest emerging markets for EMD in Asia Pacific, owing to rising consumption in the electronic appliances segment. Favorable government initiatives, such as ‘Make in India’, and easing FDI flow in various industrial sectors is expected to provide lucrative opportunities for foreign industry participants. Increasing demand for energy storage systems is anticipated to boost the EMD market in Japan over the forecast period.

A majority of the global manganese production is concentrated in China, South Africa, Australia, and Gabon. Around 90% of the world’s total reserves originate from these countries, along with Ukraine and Brazil. It has been found that over 70% of the global manganese reserves are found in the Kalahari district of South Africa.

Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide (EMD) Market Share Insights

Fierce competition despite reduced international manganese ore prices resulted in declining prices and disappointing volumes in 2016. The industry is highly fragmented in nature. Top companies involved in the sector include Xiangtan Electrochemical Scientific Ltd., Prince International Corporation, Tosoh Corporation, Cegasa, and Tronox Ltd. These six companies together accounted for over 50% of the total market revenue in 2016.

Other prominent companies including Mesa Minerals Limited; American Manganese Inc.; Micromesh Minerals & Metals; and Metallics Mine-chem Pvt. Ltd. are involved in enhancing production capabilities and new product development to increase their global reach.

Report Scope



Base year for estimation


Actual estimates/Historical data

2014 - 2015

Forecast period

2017 - 2025

Market representation

Volume in Tons, Revenue in USD Thousand & CAGR from 2017 to 2025

Regional scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, CSA, MEA

Country scope

U.S., Germany, U.K., China, Japan, India

Report coverage             

Volume & revenue forecast, company share, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends

15% free customization scope (equivalent to 5 analyst working days)

If you need specific market information, which is not currently within the scope of the report, we will provide it to you as a part of customization

Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts volume and revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) market report on the basis of application and region:

  • Application Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2014 - 2025)

    • Battery

      • Zinc carbon battery

      • Alkaline battery

      • Lithium ion battery

    • Water treatment

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2014 - 2025)

    • North America

      • U.S.

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • U.K.

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

    • Central & South America (CSA)

    • Middle East & Africa (MEA)

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