GVR Report cover Indoor Farming Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Indoor Farming Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Facility Type (Greenhouses, Vertical Farms), By Component (Hardware, Software), By Crop Category, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2021 - 2028

  • Published Date: Oct, 2021
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2020
  • Report ID: GVR-3-68038-942-5
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2017 - 2019
  • Number of Pages: 120

Report Overview

The global indoor farming market size was valued at USD 32.3 billion in 2020 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.9% from 2021 to 2028. Increasing consumer awareness regarding the advantages of consuming fresh and high-quality food is expected to drive growth. In addition, the rising population across the globe, especially in emerging economies such as China, India, among others, has led to an increase in the food demand, which in turn is spurring the market growth. However, the changing climatic conditions contribute to existing environmental problems, such as soil degradation and groundwater depletion, affecting the food and agriculture production systems. Governments encourage building indoor farms along with other initiatives to overcome this problem, which in turn is expected to spur market growth.

North America indoor farming market size, by component, 2017 - 2028 (USD Billion)

Organic foods are perceived as healthier, nutritious, safer, and more environmentally friendly. A critical factor that influences the demand for organic food is the food purchasing behavior of consumers, which is essential for producers, policymakers, and suppliers to implement successful marketing strategies.

According to The World Bank Group, the overall arable land per capita has declined from 0.197 hectares in 2013 to 0.192hectares in 2016. The scarcity of arable land owing to land degradation has urged the farmers to adopt new solutions to produce fresh food. The adoption of vertical farming techniques is expected to enable indoor farm owners to grow crops indoors in layers, stacked on racks, in a multi-story building, or a warehouse. This is anticipated to emerge as a significant trend in the market by 2028.

Indoor farms help grow the total crop yield per unit area by using the stacked layers of potted seeds, which is anticipated to drive the market. Indoor farming is a practice of growing plants or crops indoors on a small as well as large scale. Indoor farming implements methods such as aquaponics and hydroponics and utilizes artificial lighting for adequate light levels and nutrients. However, the high initial investment in the building of indoor farms and limitations on the growing variety of crops is expected to hinder the market growth.

Europe held the largest market share in 2020, owing to the adoption of technologies pertaining to greenhouses and vertical farms. Developed countries such as the U.K, Germany, the U.S., and Canada are the rapid and early adopters of farming technologies. However, emerging economies such as India, China, Mexico, and Singapore are observing a substantial growth in the adoption of technologies integrated into indoor farms, owing to the rising demand for fresh crops. The increasing disposable income and urban population in the emerging economies have increased the consumption and demand for healthy, fresh, and nutritious food, which is projected to drive the indoor farming market.

Facility Type Insights

The vertical farm segment is expected to exhibit the fastest CAGR of around 19% from 2021 to 2028, owing to the growing adoption of environmentally-friendly production of fruits and vegetables. Besides, the changing food purchasing behavior of consumers resulting in an increasing demand for organic food is expected to drive the demand. Indoor farming protects crops from intense weather conditions through the usage of techniques, such as the controlled environment agriculture technology, where the facilities use control of light, artificial environmental monitoring, and fertigation.

The farmers are adopting emerging techniques, such as greenhouses and vertical farming to increase crop production in order to meet the rising food demand. The greenhouses facility type held the dominant market share of over 80% in 2018. A greenhouse- also called a hothouse-is a closed structure made up of transparent material and used to grow plants, crops, and flowers. In greenhouses, climatic conditions are controlled to enhance quality as well as quantity of produce. Greenhouses also facilitate higher yield production than traditional farming techniques.

Component Insights

The hardware segment dominated the indoor farming component market in 2020 with a share of more than 70% and is expected to remain dominant between 2021 and 2028, as hardware plays a significant role in maintaining the environment of the indoor farms. The segment is further categorized into climate control systems, lighting systems, sensors, and irrigation systems, which enable the cultivation of indoor-grown crops. The climate control system is expected to be the fastest-growing segment over the forecast period, as the system creates an environment conducive to plant growth. The system helps control the indoor climate with chillers, heaters, air-conditioning units, humidifiers, and air movement fans, among others.

On the other hand, the software segment is expected to exhibit a CAGR exceeding 10% between 2021 and 2028, owing to the upcoming trends in technologies and farming practices. The software traces the fruit and vegetables back to a grower, crop batch/patch, area of land/field, and supplier details. The segment has been further bifurcated into web-based and cloud-based software. The cloud-based software segment is estimated to register significant growth in the forthcoming years, as it collects millions of data points in real-time, which can be examined with machine learning techniques to determine the changes in particular environmental parameters that affect the yield and taste of the final produce.

Crop Category Insights

The fruits, vegetables, and herbs segment is expected to dominate the market for indoor farming between 2021 and 2028 with a CAGR of 11.5%. The increasing production of commonly grown fruits, vegetables, and herbs such as tomato, lettuce, leafy greens, cucumber, bell and chili peppers, is driving the segment growth. These crops are grown on a large scale and deliver maximum profit from their cultivation to the companies involved in the production of the crops. Tomato is the major cultivated crop owing to its rapid cultivation rate and held the largest market share in 2020. 

Global indoor farming market share, by crop category, 2020 (%)

The flowers and ornamentals segment is expected to contribute significantly to market growth over the forecast period. The segment accounted for more than 28% of the market share in 2020. The increasing usage of flowers and ornamentals for decorative and aesthetic purposes is expected to drive growth. The segment has been further segregated into perennials, annuals, and ornamentals. The ornamentals flowers held the largest market share in 2020, owing to increasing sales.

Regional Insights

Europe held the largest market share of 32.2% in 2020 and is estimated to remain dominant during the forecast period. Rising adoption of technologies, such as Controlled Environment-Agriculture (CEA) that control the environmental factor is responsible for regional growth. Increasing focus on adopting technologies, such as Active heat systems and LEDs to improve the yield is driving the market. Several initiatives by the regional governments for building indoor farms in order to overcome challenges, such as growing population, climate change, food production in an environmentally-unfriendly way. The farm owners are at the forefront in investing in technologies such as LED lighting and crop monitoring sensors, which are expected to lower the labor cost.

Asia Pacific is estimated to witness the fastest CAGR of over 12% from 2021 to 2028. Countries such as China and Japan are estimated to witness considerable growth in the forthcoming years owing to the presence of a large number of indoor farms. In addition, the continuously rising population in the region has resulted in an increasing demand for organic food, which has led to the building of greenhouses as well as vertical farms to produce crops. The rising awareness about the significance of alternative farming owing to less availability of fertile agricultural land is expected to further fuel regional demand.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

The key market players engage in the strategies such as partnerships, business expansions, new product developments, and contracts to expand their market share. The companies focus on building greenhouses and expanding indoor farms to meet the end-market requirements. For instance, Richel Group announced the design of a multi-span greenhouse in Mexico. The greenhouse is designed to meet the demands of the growers for the broader structures. The structure is favored owing to its optimal light transmission, circulation inside the structure, ease of air movement, and better climate control. Some of the prominent players operating in the global indoor farming market are:

  • Argus Control Systems Ltd.

  • Certhon

  • General Hydroponics

  • Hydrodynamics International

  • Illumitex

  • Lumigrow

Indoor Farming Market Report Scope

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2021

USD 36.4 billion

Revenue forecast in 2028

USD 75.3 billion

Growth Rate

CAGR of 10.9% from 2021 to 2028

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2017 - 2019

Forecast period

2021 - 2028

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD million/billion and CAGR from 2021 to 2028

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Facility type, component, crop category, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; South America; Middle East & Africa

Country scope

U.S.; Canada; Mexico; U.K.; Germany; France; Spain; China; India; Japan; Brazil

Key companies profiled

Argus Control Systems Ltd.; Certhon; General Hydroponics; Hydrodynamics International; Illumitex; LumiGrow; Netafim; Priva; Richel Group; Vertical Farm Systems

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope.

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Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends and opportunities in each of the sub-segments from 2017 to 2028. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global indoor farming market report based on facility type, component, crop category, and region:

  • Facility Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2017 - 2028)

    • Greenhouses

    • Vertical Farms

      • Shipping Container

      • Building-based

    • Others

  • Component Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2017 - 2028)

    • Hardware

      • Climate control systems

      • Lighting systems

      • Sensors

      • Irrigation systems

    • Software

      • Web-Based

      • Cloud-Based

  • Crop Category Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2017 - 2028)

    • Fruits, Vegetables, & Herbs

      • Tomato

      • Lettuce

      • Bell & Chili Peppers

      • Strawberry

      • Cucumber

      • Leafy Greens

      • Herbs

      • Others

    • Flowers & Ornamentals

      • Perennials

      • Annuals

      • Ornamentals

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2017 - 2028)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • U.K.

      • France

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

    • South America

      • Brazil

    • Middle East and Africa (MEA)

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