GVR Report cover U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Size, Share & Trends Report

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Type (Travel Nurse Staffing, Locum Tenens Staffing, Allied Healthcare Staffing, Per Diem Nurse Staffing), And Segment Forecasts, 2021 - 2028

  • Published Date: Dec, 2021
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2020
  • Report ID: GVR-3-68038-500-7
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2016 - 2019
  • Number of Pages: 86

Report Overview

The U.S. healthcare staffing market size was valued at USD 19.2 billion in 2020 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.71% from 2021 to 2028. Some of the factors responsible for the market growth are the increasing demand for temporary staffing for medical professionals due to the rising geriatric population and a lack of skilled nursing staff across the country. An increase in life expectancy has led to a rise in the geriatric population. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the number of adults aged 65 or older is on pace and is expected to grow by an estimated 80% between 2020 and 2030. People over 65 are three times more likely to have a hospital stay and twice as likely to visit a physician's office compared with the rest of the population. An aging population is expected to have a significant impact on healthcare delivery because they are highly susceptible to lifestyle diseases and chronic conditions.

U.S. healthcare staffing market size, 2018 - 2028 (USD Billion)

The current healthcare system is under pressure owing to a large geriatric population and increasing access to public health. According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, the physician shortage is expected to range from 46,900 to 121,900 physicians by 2032. Moreover, as per the estimates of the American Nurses Association, there will be a need for 3.44 million nurses by 2022. The shortage of medical professionals is positively impacting the demand for temporary staffing. Many hospitals and other medical facilities are partnering with recruiting agencies to fulfill vacant positions on a temporary or permanent basis. This is expected to fuel the market growth.

Travel or per diem nurses are compensated at a much higher rate when compared to regular full-time nurses. For instance, the annual average salary of full-time nurses ranges from USD 50,000 to USD 60,000, however, per diem nurses can get as high as USD 90,000 to USD 100,000. High compensation, flexible working hours, opportunity to travel, and greater exposure to various medical systems are factors due to which preference for allied healthcare, per diem, travel nurse, or locum tenens as a career option is increasing.


COVID-19 U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Impact: 8.5% increase from 2019 to 2020

Pandemic Impact

Post COVID Outlook

As a result of the pandemic, there has been a massive shift in the market landscape. Requirement for travel nurses is at record level while non-critical procedures have witnessed a spike in cancellations. Within allied health recruitment, the pandemic has driven an abrupt move from OT/PT/SLT to respiratory treatment.

Care providers are depending on recruiting agencies for assistance in scaling up to care for COVID-19 patients. Moreover, they are offering services to efficiently respond to changes in the patient count and optimize workforce spending.

Staffing organizations experienced double-digit revenue gains owing to the drastic increase in demand for temporary nurses. For instance, AMN Healthcare’s revenue from the nurse and allied staffing solutions increased by 9.3% in 2020, compared to the previous year.

Due to the stress and burnout created by the COVID-19 pandemic, many nurses and physicians are planning to take early retirement. This will increase the existing shortage of medical staff further, resulting in high demand for temporary and locum nurses.


A significant increase in the number of government and non-government hospitals, acute care centers, long-term care centers, and other types of medical facilities is anticipated to significantly fuel the market growth. Improving medical infrastructure and increasing investment in public health is leading to an increase in the number of hospitals. According to the American Hospital Association, the total number of hospitals in the U.S. in 2020 was 6,090. Setting up a new hospital requires the employment of well-trained medical staff. This is likely to propel market growth.

Type Insights

The travel nurse staffing segment dominated the market in 2020. This can be attributed to the high pay, travel opportunity, and short-term assignments. Furthermore, in response to the increasing medical expenses, hospitals are forced to reduce their staff. Hence, they opt for these services to ensure that nurses are available when the workload increases.

The locum tenens staffing segment is anticipated to witness the highest growth during the forecast period. The rising shortage of primary care physicians and specialists and hospitals hiring locum tenens in peak seasons to reduce cost are primary reasons for the growth of the segment. According to Staff Care’s 2020 Survey of Temporary Physician Staffing Trends report, nearly 52,000 physicians were working as locum tenens in 2019. An increasing number of physicians preferring to work as locum tenens is likely to favor the segment growth.

U.S. healthcare staffing market share, by type, 2020 (%)

Allied healthcare professionals include physical therapists, medical technologists, pharmacists, dental hygienists, phlebotomists, radiographers, pathologists, and others. Improving access to public healthcare, growing retired baby boomers, and rising prevalence of chronic diseases are likely to drive the segment.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

The market is moderately fragmented. Key players hold a leading position in the market. This can be attributed to the companies’ wide network of partners and client base, excellent hiring and recruitment services, and investment in technology. Partnerships and collaborations, mergers and acquisitions, adopting the latest technology, and geographical expansion are some of the strategic initiatives undertaken by the major players to strengthen their market position. In June 2021, Cross Country Healthcare, Inc. completed the acquisition of Workforce Solutions Group, Inc., a provider of talent management solutions to its clients. Some prominent players in the U.S. healthcare staffing market include:

  • Envision Healthcare Corporation

  • AMN Healthcare

  • CHG Management, Inc.

  • Maxim Healthcare Group

  • Cross Country Healthcare, Inc.

  • Aya Healthcare

  • Trustaff

  • TeamHealth

  • Adecco Group

  • LocumTenens.com

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Report Scope 

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2021

USD 24.1 billion

Revenue forecast in 2028

USD 31.1 billion

Growth Rate

CAGR of 3.71% from 2021 to 2028

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2016 - 2019

Forecast period

2021 - 2028

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD million/billion and CAGR from 2021 to 2028

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered


Country scope


Key companies profiled

Envision Healthcare Corporation; AMN Healthcare; CHG Management, Inc.; Maxim Healthcare Group; Cross Country Healthcare, Inc; Aya Healthcare; Trustaff; TeamHealth; Adecco Group; LocumTenens.com

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country & segment scope.

Pricing and purchase options

Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options

Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts revenue growth at the country level and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends and opportunities in each of the sub-segments from 2016 to 2028. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the U.S. healthcare staffing market report on the basis of type:

  • Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2028)

    • Travel Nurse Staffing

    • Per Diem Nurse Staffing

    • Locum Tenens Staffing

    • Allied Healthcare Staffing

Frequently Asked Questions About This Report

gvr icn


gvr icn

This FREE sample includes market data points, ranging from trend analyses to market estimates & forecasts. See for yourself...

gvr icn


We can customize every report - free of charge - including purchasing stand-alone sections or country-level reports, as well as offer affordable discounts for start-ups & universities.

Contact us now to get our best pricing.

BBB icon D&B icon

We are GDPR and CCPA compliant! Your transaction & personal information is safe and secure.