The global 3D printed surgical models market size was valued at USD 282.5 million in 2020 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.6% from 2021 to 2028. This growth can be attributed to the rising demand for personalized healthcare, technological advancements in surgical tools and techniques, and 3D printed materials. In 2020, the 3D printing industry gained widespread acknowledgment due to its ability to meet urgent manufacturing needs and overcome the shortcomings of traditional manufacturing during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted the market for 3D printed surgical models in 2020 due to delays in elective surgeries and increasing strain on hospital financial resources resulting in reduced investments in advanced 3D printing systems. Furthermore, the supply chain disruption, economic slowdown, and reduction in operational activities across various related markets also negatively impacted the market for 3D printed surgical models. However, according to a survey conducted by The Needham, in March 2021, nearly 56% of the 255 participants displayed a willingness to undergo elective surgical procedures in the next 3 months, thereby indicating a rise in demand for surgical procedures post COVID-19, which in turn is anticipated to positively favor market growth.
3D printed surgical models enhance three-dimensional perception and allow pre-adoption of surgical instruments in preoperative planning. In the healthcare industry, there are various applications of 3D printed surgical models including in orthopedic surgery for the treatment of trauma injuries, planning of tumor resection, endovascular aneurysm repair, and planning of tumor resection. 3D printed surgical models allow for shortening operative time and improving precision, thereby increasing their demand among the surgeons. For instance, according to a study published by Academic Radiology, the use of 3D printed anatomic models saved an average of nearly 62 minutes while the use of 3D printed surgical guides saved an average of 23 minutes of orthopedic and maxillofacial surgeries.
The rapidly growing need for customized healthcare products and the various application of 3D printing in surgery are the factors that are growing the 3D printed surgical models. In congenital heart disease, the surgical treatment in pediatric cases may be difficult because as compared to adults’ children have smaller chest cavities. Additive manufacturing helps the surgeons to have more information that further helps in the spatial orientation inside the cavities of the heart and in stimulating the steps of the operation with high fidelity. The 3D printed surgical models allow the stimulation of the stenting intervention and assessment of optimal size, length, and stent position is useful for actual intervention in the patient. These features of 3D printed surgical models are anticipated to favor market growth.
The orthopedic surgery segment dominated the market for 3D printed surgical models and held the largest revenue share of more than 30.0% in 2020. The growing geriatric population coupled with the rising prevalence and incidence of orthopedic disorders are the major factors driving the growth of orthopedic surgery in the market. For instance, according to a study published by the British Medical Journal, the age-standard annual incidence rate and point prevalence of osteoarthritis were nearly 181.2 and 3754.2 per 100 000 individuals across the globe between 1990 to 2017, indicating disease burden and positively favoring segment growth.
The 3D printed surgical models specialty segment is broadly categorized into cardiac surgery/interventional cardiology, gastroenterology endoscopy of esophageal, neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, reconstructive surgery, surgical oncology, and transplant surgery. The neurosurgery segment is anticipated to witness lucrative growth over the forecast period. This can be attributed to the high prevalence of neurological disorders, the need for a high level of precision in neurosurgery due to the intricate nature of brain vasculature, and technology advancements in 3D printing systems and materials.
The Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) segment dominated the market for 3D printed surgical models and accounted for the largest revenue share of 25.0% in 2020. FDM printers are cost-effective in medical 3D printing labs. FDM technology belongs to the material extrusion technology class and is office-friendly, easy to use, quick as well as allows low-cost development of a prototype that makes them ideal for physicians interested in entering the area of 3D printing. Furthermore, according to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers report, in 2020, material extrusion technology was found to be used by nearly 50% of the 308 survey participants for medical 3D printing, making it the one of most frequently employed technology for prosthetics and assistive devices and surgical planning. Thus, the high adoption of this technology is anticipated to contribute to market share.
The technology segment includes Stereolithography (SLA), ColorJet Printing (CJP), multijet/polyjet printing, Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), and others. The other segment mainly includes powder bed fusion technologies, directed energy deposition technologies, and other related technologies. The others segment is anticipated to grow at a rapid pace due to the increasing popularity of HP’s multijet fusion technology, which belongs to the powder bed fusion class of technologies.
The plastic segment dominated the 3D printed surgical models market and accounted for the largest revenue share of more than 30.0% in 2020. Factors such as relatively cost of material, presence of advanced thermoplastics, presence of biodegradable plastics, compatibility with a range of 3D printing technologies, and reusability are anticipated to contribute towards the high market share of plastics.
Based on material, the market for 3D printed surgical models is segmented into polymer, metal, plastic, and others. The polymers segment is anticipated to witness substantial growth over the forecast period owing to the introduction of desktop resin-based 3D printers and material versatility. This is expected to propel market growth.
North America dominated the market for 3D printed surgical models and accounted for the largest revenue share of nearly 34.0% in 2020. The growing geriatric population and high prevalence of lifestyle-associated diseases are anticipated to contribute to market growth in the region. The U.S. has the most advanced healthcare infrastructure comprising clinics, hospitals, and high adoption of advanced healthcare products and services, such as 3D printing. Furthermore, the presence of a favorable reimbursement framework and established market players are anticipated to further contribute towards the region’s market share.
In Asia Pacific, the market for 3D printed surgical models is anticipated to witness lucrative growth over the forecast period. Factors such as increasing per capita income and high unmet medical needs along with technological advancements and economic development of emerging countries such as India and China are expected to contribute to the rise in demand for 3D printed surgical models.
The market for 3D printed surgical models is highly competitive, marked by the presence of a large number of domestic as well as international players. The key players that dominated the market in 2020 include Stratasys Ltd., 3D Systems, Inc, Materialise, and Formlabs. Some of the key strategic initiatives undertaken by market players include new product development, mergers, acquisition, partnership, and collaboration. For instance, in 2021, Materialise added new Left Atrium Appendage Occlusion (LAAO) procedure support technology in the company’s Mimics Enlight cardiovascular planning software suite, expanding its 3D printing capabilities in cardiology field. In addition, in 2020, Fast Radius partnered with Axial3D to provide a new DICOM-to-print service for surgeons and hospitals across North America. Such strategic initiatives are anticipated to facilitate market growth. Some of the prominent players in the 3D printed surgical models market include:
3D Systems, Inc.
Lazarus 3D, LLC
3D LifePrints U.K. Ltd.
Market size value in 2021
USD 387.3 million
Revenue forecast in 2028
USD 1,066.6 million
CAGR of 15.6% from 2021 to 2028
Base year for estimation
2016 - 2019
2021 - 2028
Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2021 to 2028
Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends
Specialty, technology, material, region
North America; Europe; Latin America; Asia Pacific; MEA
U.S.; Canada; U.K.; Germany; France; Italy; Spain; China; Japan; India; Australia; South Korea; Brazil; Mexico; Argentina; South Africa; Saudi Arabia; UAE
Key companies profiled
Stratasys Ltd.; 3D Systems, Inc.; Lazarus 3D, LLC; Osteo3D; Axial3D; Onkos Surgical; Formlabs; Materialise NV; 3D LifePrints U.K. Ltd.; WhiteClouds Inc.
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This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2016 to 2028. For the purpose of this report, Grand View Research has segmented the global 3D printed surgical models market report on the basis of specialty, technology, material, and region:
Specialty Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2028)
Cardiac Surgery/Interventional Cardiology
Annuloplasty (mitral valve repair)
Repair Coronary Aneurysm
Replacement of Aortic Valve
Repair Congenital Heart Defects
Gastroenterology Endoscopy of Esophageal
Endoscopy of Esophageal lesion
Transsphenoidal Excision of Pituitary Gland
Remove Brain Tumor
Repair Clavicle Fracture
Repair Intervertebral Disc
Hip Replacement Revision
Repair Leg Fracture
Cleft Palate Correction
Removal of Adrenal Tumor
Removal of Liver Tumor
Endoscopic Removal of Cardiac Lesion
Thoracic Removal of Lung Tumor
Removal of Renal Tumor
Cardiac Surgery/ Interventional Cardiology
Technology Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2028)
ColorJet Printing (CJP)
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
Material Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2028)
Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2028)
Middle East & Africa
b. Some of the players operating in the 3D printed surgical models market include 3D Systems, Inc.; EnvisionTEC; Materialise N.V.; Stratasys Ltd.; and GPI Prototype.
b. Key factors that are driving the 3D printed surgical models market growth include growing demand for prototyping from the healthcare industry and intensive research and development activities.
b. The global 3D printed surgical models market size was estimated at USD 282.5 million in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 387.3 million in 2021.
b. The global 3D printed surgical models market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 15.6% from 2021 to 2028 to reach USD 1,066.6 million by 2028.
b. North America dominated the 3D printed surgical models market with a share of 34.8% in 2020. This is attributable to an increase in the geriatric population, high purchasing power, strong government support for quality healthcare, and supportive reimbursement policies in the U.S and Canada.
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The high demand and short supply of respirators due to the recent pandemic has resulted in the additive manufacturing intervention to produce medical equipment to tackle this situation. Many participants in the European region are volunteering to help the healthcare facilities by proposing the use of their 3D bioprinters. We are working to account for this change in our estimates. The report will account for Covid-19 as a key market contributor.