Gas Pipeline Infrastructure Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Gas Pipeline Infrastructure Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Operation (Gathering, Transmission, Distribution), By Application (Compressor, Metering), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2027

  • Published Date: May, 2020
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2019
  • Report ID: GVR-4-68038-237-2
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2016 - 2018
  • Number of Pages: 80

Report Overview

The global gas pipeline infrastructure market size was valued at USD 2,480.2 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.4% from 2020 to 2027. Growing natural gas demand across key industries including power generation, residential and commercial, manufacturing, and the chemical is anticipated to boost the usage of gas pipeline infrastructure over the forecast period. Paradigm shift toward clean energy sources is expected to further support the industry growth.

U.S. gas pipeline infrastructure market size

Rising government investments to enhance accessibility along with the need to upgrade the existing pipeline network across several regions is anticipated to augment the industry landscape. According to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2019, European nations traded 478.9 billion cubic meters natural gas through pipeline infrastructure. The growing trade movement will further boost the demand for additional infrastructure of gas pipelines.

The U.S. accounted for the largest share of the global industry in 2019 owing to the rising government expenditure on infrastructure expansion along with growing exploration and production activities. Significant production from shale gas reserves and new project developments across Permian Basin will further complement the overall regional growth.

In December 2019, Pembina Pipeline Corporation acquired Kinder Morgan Canada Limited and the U.S. portion of the Cochin Pipeline system. The acquisition strategy is expected to enable the company to become a major provider of premium quality condensate across Chicago area, thereby extending its reach in the U.S. market through a cross-border pipeline.

According to IEA, natural gas production in North America grew at a rate of 9.6% in 2018. The high production growth rate across the region has attracted large industry players and resulted in huge investments made in the natural gas pipeline infrastructure sector. However, possibility of under-utilized pipeline capacity in a low-carbon future economy is anticipated to hamper the market growth.

Amplified stringency in regulations over clean energy consumption along with additional capacity development of cross-border gas pipelines is expected to boost the growth across various regions. For instance, in January 2020, the Turkstream natural gas pipeline started operation from Russia to Turkey, adding more than 30 BCMA capacity to Turkey and South and Southeast Europe.

Product Insights

The distibution pipeline segment accounted for the largest volume share of 70.5% of the global market in 2019. Rising consumption in end-use segments such as growing number of gas-fired power plants, chemical sector, manufacturing sector, and residential and commercial sector is expected to propel the segment growth.

The transmission pipeline segment is expected to witnessed a CAGR of 3.2% in terms of revenue, over the forecast period. The segment is expected to witness strong growth in countries such as the U.S., Russia, China, and other European nations, with significant amount of inter-regional trade through imports and exports. However, slow growth of market liberalization might hinder the segment growth. For instance, National Oil Companies (NOCs) hold transmission pipeline access in China, without access to third party line rights.

Gathering pipeline is expected to be the fastest growing segment with revenue-based CAGR of 3.3%. This growth can be attributed to enhanced natural gas production in 2018 with a 5.2% growth rate as compared to 2017. Higher production leads to higher utilization of gathering pipelines which transport gas away from the point of production to another facility for further refinement or to transmission pipelines.

Discovery of new reserves across several countries including the U.S., China, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, and Algeria are expected to further propel the gathering pipeline segment growth. However, gas gathering pipeline infrastructure is either developed or acquired pursuant to long-term contracts with gas producers. The contracts running over a period of time cover majority of reservoir’s economic life and thereby act as an entry barrier for third parties to operate in the gas pipeline infrastructure market.

Application Insights

The compressor station segment was valued at USD 623.6 billion in 2019, owing to increasing trend of expanding pipeline capacity and extending new gas sources to tap additional volumes. Compressor stations on transmission pipelines are built every 80 to 150 kilometers along the pipeline length, allowing pressure to be increased in order to keep the gas moving.

Stringent safety regulations regarding transportation along with introduction of technologically advanced compressor stations are expected to further augment the segment landscape. For instance, replacement of gas-driven compressors with electric compressors reduce maintenance and fuel costs and help eliminate site emissions if located near a reliable power source.

Global gas pipeline infrastructure market share

Metering Stations are anticipated to attain higher growth in application segment, exhibiting revenue-based CAGR of 3.5% over the forecast period. This growth can be attributed to the strict regulations regarding the accuracy of custody transfer and fiscal metering, which measure the delivery volumes and pressure of natural gas into and out of the pipeline system. Slight error in accuracy measurement can lead to financial exposure in custody transfer transactions with losses in Billions of dollars.

Regional Insights

North America occupied the largest volume share of 54.8% of the total market in 2019. Presence of highly integrated transmission and distribution infrastructure that can transport natural gas to and from any state across the region has attracted leading pipeline companies to operate in North America. The U.S. is the major hub of gas pipeline infrastructure occupying over 80% of the total pipeline length across the region.

Canada is anticipated to attain the highest revenue-based CAGR of 3.9% over the forecast period. Expansion and replacement of existing pipeline infrastructure are among the primary factors responsible for the regional market growth. For instance, in February 2020, Canada’s Federal Court of Appeal cleared the way for the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, which would increase its capacity from 300,000 bpd to 890,000 bpd adding 600 miles to the pipeline.

Russia holds a dominant position in the market owing to heavy investments made by the operators across the region. For instance, Gazprom constructed 146 gas pipelines in 2018 stretching over 2,000 kilometers across the Russian Federation. The company allocated USD 5.71 billion between 2005 and 2018 for gas grid coverage expansion, thus boosting the penetration rate in Russia up to 68.6% in December 2018.

Asia Pacific is expected to witness the fastest growth exhibiting revenue-based CAGR of 3.7% over the forecast period. China is the third-largest natural gas consumer after the U.S. and Russian Federation. According to the International Energy Agency, the country is anticipated to become the largest importer by 2022 owing to strong investments driven by high regional demand growth and government’s policy for better air quality.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

High degree of forward integration, product penetration in regional application markets, and security of supply from gas fields are among the key factors governing the competitiveness of the industry. The industry participants supply natural gas via different distribution channels such as LNG shipping, local companies, direct supply to industrial/manufacturing facilities, and power plants. In addition, the companies are likely to be benefitted in terms of cost-of-service toll charges that shippers pay to move oil and gas through the pipeline, ensuring a significant rate of return on the pipeline asset. Some of the prominent players in the gas pipeline infrastructure market include:

  • Enbridge

  • Gazprom

  • TransCanada Pipelines Limited

  • Kinder Morgan

  • Pembina Pipeline Corporation

  • Saipem

  • Engas

  • Alliance Pipeline

Gas Pipeline Infrastructure Market Report Scope

Report Attribute

Details

Market size value in 2020

USD 2529.75 billion

Revenue forecast in 2027

USD 3228.30 billion

Growth Rate

CAGR of 3.4% from 2020 to 2027

Base year for estimation

2019

Historical data

2016 - 2018

Forecast period

2020 - 2027

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD million/billion and CAGR from 2020 to 2027

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Operation, application, and region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Central & South America; and MEA

Country scope

U.S.; Canada; Mexico; U.K.; Germany; Russia; China; India; Australia; Brazil; Argentina; Saudi Arabia; Qatar

Key companies profiled

Enbridge; Gazprom; TransCanada Pipelines Limited; Kinder Morgan; Pembina Pipeline Corporation; Saipem; Engas; and Alliance Pipeline

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Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts volume and revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2016 to 2027. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global gas pipeline infrastructure market report on the basis of operation, application, and region:

  • Operation Outlook (Volume, ‘000 km; Revenue, USD Billion, 2016 - 2027)

    • Gathering

    • Transmission

    • Distribution

  • Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2016 - 2027)

    • Compressor Station

    • Metering Station

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, ‘000 km; Revenue, USD Billion, 2016 - 2027)

    • North America

      • The U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • The U.K.

      • Germany

      • Russia

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Australia

    • Central & South America

      • Brazil

      • Argentina

    • Middle East & Africa

      • Saudi Arabia

      • Qatar

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