GVR Report cover Helium Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Helium Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Phase (Liquid, Gas), By Application (Leak Detection, Welding), By End-use, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2024 - 2030

  • Report ID: GVR-4-68040-164-2
  • Number of Pages: 150
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)

Helium Market Size & Trends

The global helium market size was estimated at USD 3,613.2 million in 2023 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.7% from 2024 to 2030. This is attributed to increasing product usage in numerous end-use industries like aerospace, defense, medical, electronics & electrical, and energy sectors among others. Helium is an essential component in various scientific experiments and research, particularly in fields, such as physics, chemistry, and materials science. As scientific research continues to advance, the product demand remains high. The global industry is experiencing an uptick in competitive activity, with both domestic and international manufacturing firms vying for market share. While multinational corporations hold a substantial portion of the industry, several domestic companies based in nations like Canada, Qatar, Russia, and India are consolidating their presence.

U.S. Helium Market size and growth rate, 2024 - 2030

According to the U.S. Department of the Interior, helium ranks as the second most widely available element, following hydrogen. It is an odorless and colorless inert gas, distinguished by its exceptional characteristics. It is considered a finite natural resource, primarily extracted from natural gas reservoirs. The geologic characteristics of regions like Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas result in some of the highest product concentrations in the world within the natural gas found there, ranging from 0.3 to 2.7 percent. While helium is commonly recognized as a safe, non-flammable gas utilized for inflating balloons, its significance extends far beyond these applications. It serves as a pivotal element in various domains, encompassing scientific research, advanced medical technology, high-precision manufacturing, space exploration, and national defense.

For instance, the medical sector relies on helium for critical diagnostic equipment, notably in MRI machines. In the defense industry, it plays a crucial role in rocket engine testing, scientific balloons, surveillance aircraft, air-to-air missile guidance systems, and numerous other essential applications. The global market exhibits distinctive characteristics in terms of supply, demand, and storage, which have led to a nearly constant escalation in prices. In the past decade, helium demand has remained stagnant, primarily due to limited supply, despite a backdrop of 30% global GDP growth. Unlike the typical relationship between GDP growth and commodity demand, product prices rise each year.

According to AKAP Energy, over the past two decades, helium pricing has displayed a CAGR of 8%, reaching approximately $375 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) by late 2022. This figure is approximately 100 times the current pricing of natural gas in the United States. In recent years, the escalating global helium shortage has emerged as a pressing issue, driven by the diminishing availability of this precious gas. Helium, a rare and invaluable resource, finds utility across diverse sectors including healthcare, electronics, and aerospace. The product supply remains finite and constrained, with its principal source being extraction from natural gas reserves. Concurrently, product demand has been on the rise, propelled by its exceptional attributes, including its remarkably low boiling point, rendering it an ideal choice for a multitude of applications.

End-use Insights

The medical & healthcare segment accounted for a revenue share of 40.00% in 2023. This is attributed to the increasing product usage in various areas of applications in the medical & healthcare sectors, such as MRI machines, endoscopy, laser technology, breathing mixtures, spectroscopy, and in positron emission tomography (PET), among others. Helium-filled aerostats, tethered balloons, or blimps are used for surveillance and monitoring purposes. They provide a stable platform for various payloads, including radar, cameras, and communication equipment, which are used in border security, military surveillance, and disaster management.

Global Helium Market share and size, 2023

Furthermore, it is used in spacecraft as a pressurant gas for propulsion systems, as well as for cooling sensitive equipment and instruments. Its low boiling point and inert nature are advantageous in the vacuum and extreme conditions of space. Product usage in the nuclear power sector is growing, particularly in the development of next-generation nuclear reactors & advanced gas-cooled reactors. Its effectiveness as a coolant and its compatibility with nuclear processes contribute to its extensive usage in this industry. However, product demand, even within this sector, must be managed carefully due to its limited supply. Efforts to secure helium resources & enhance its usage in nuclear power continue to be a priority.

Phase Insights

The gas phase dominated the global market with a revenue share of approximately 72% in 2023. This is attributed to increasing product adoption in various areas of applications including leak detection, gas chromatography, welding & cutting, cooling & refrigeration, and in nuclear power, among others. Furthermore, helium gas is indispensable in the realm of scientific research and experimentation, spanning disciplines, such as physics, chemistry, and materials science. It plays a critical role in cryogenic studies, low-& temperature investigations, and serves as a carrier gas in a multitude of analytical instruments.

Cutting-edge technologies and innovations, like quantum computing and quantum communication, frequently depend on superconducting components that necessitate liquid helium for precise cooling. These emerging technologies play a significant role in the growing requirement for the product. Moreover, it is a finite resource with restricted availability. The majority of global production is derived as a byproduct of natural gas extraction, and not all natural gas reservoirs contain helium. With depleting existing helium reserves and the challenge of finding new sources, product scarcity further fuels its demand.

Regional Insights

North America held a dominant revenue share of 36.00% in 2023 due to the presence of abundant reserves of helium-rich natural gas. In addition, the U.S. is home to the Federal Helium Reserve, which was established in 1925 and is one of the world's largest helium storage facilities. The reserve has played a significant role in the global market by supplying the product to various industries. Europe also holds a significant share, in terms of production as well as consumption of the product from various end-use industries. Europe has a well-established healthcare sector that relies on helium for medical imaging equipment, primarily magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines.

Helium Market Trends, by Region, 2024 - 2030

It is used to cool the superconducting magnets in MRI scanners, ensuring the stability of magnetic fields and high-quality imaging. The demand for healthcare services & diagnostic imaging drives product consumption in this sector. Asia Pacific serves as a worldwide center for electronics production, with prominent nations including China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan leading the semiconductor & electronics sectors. Helium plays a critical role in semiconductor manufacturing, electronics production, and R&D endeavors. Rising demand for consumer electronics and technological advancements are likely to further boost product demand in the electronics industry.

Application Insights

The cryogenics application segment held the largest revenue share of 23.00% in 2023. Helium is one of the few substances that can achieve and maintain extremely low temperatures. It is often used to cool materials and equipment to temperatures close to absolute zero (-273.15°C or -459.67°F), which is essential for various scientific experiments and applications. Furthermore, cryogenic technology is used in space exploration for various purposes, including cooling infrared detectors on telescopes and scientific instruments on spacecraft. It plays a role in maintaining the low temperatures required for these instruments to function effectively.

Helium is an inert, non-flammable, and lighter-than-air gas. Its low density allows objects filled with helium to become buoyant and rise in the Earth's atmosphere. This property makes it an ideal choice for lifting applications. Moreover, it is a safe lifting gas because it does not support combustion. This makes it a preferred choice for applications where safety is paramount, such as in passenger-carrying balloons or airships. Helium is used in various processes within semiconductor manufacturing, such as ion implantation, ion beam milling, and chemical vapor deposition. It helps maintain stable and consistent temperatures during these processes, contributing to the quality and precision of semiconductor devices.

According to the Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA), when examining regional performance, it's notable that the Americas market experienced the most substantial growth, with a 16.2% increase in sales in 2022. China, while remaining the single largest market for semiconductors, reported sales of $180.4 billion in 2022, reflecting a 6.2% decline compared to 2021. In addition, annual sales in Europe and Japan exhibited considerable growth in 2022, with increases of 12.8% and 10.2%, respectively. Thus, a rise in the production and sales of semiconductors increases product demand.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

The global industry is highly competitive. The majority of manufacturing companies, suppliers, and traders are based in North America and Europe. Rapid industrialization, economic progress, availability of helium-rich reserves, and cheap labor contribute to market growth in these regions. Manufacturers are undertaking various strategic initiatives, such as mergers & acquisitions, partnerships, collaborations, production capacity expansions, and new product launches, to strengthen their market share.

For instance, in October 2023, North America Helium (NAH) announced its seventh facility into production. This facility is located in Cadillac, near Ponteix, Saskatchewan. The upcoming facility will commence with an initial helium production capacity of 22 million cubic feet per year (MMcf/year). Owing to ongoing drilling achievements in the region, NAH is already in the process of devising expansion plans for this facility in 2024. 

Key Helium Companies:

  • Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
  • Linde Plc
  • Air Liquide
  • Messer Group
  • Taiyo Nippon Sanso India
  • MESA Specialty Gases & Equipment
  • Matheson Tri-Gas Inc.
  • Iwatani Corporation
  • Gazprom PJSC
  • Gulf Cryo S.A.L.
  • IACX Energy

Helium Market Report Scope

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2024

USD 3,852.33 million

Revenue forecast in 2030

USD 6.07 billion

Growth rate

CAGR of 6.7% from 2024 to 2030

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2018 - 2022

Forecast period

2024 - 2030

Quantitative units

Volume in kilotons, Revenue in USD million/billion, and CAGR from 2024 to 2030

Report coverage

Volume and revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Phase, application, end-use, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Central & South America; Middle East & Africa

Key companies profiled

Air Products & Chemicals, Inc.; Linde Plc; Air Liquide; Messer Group; Taiyo Nippon Sanso India; MESA Specialty Gases & Equipment; Matheson Tri-Gas Inc.; Iwatani Corp.; Gazprom PJSC; Gulf Cryo SAL; IACX Energy

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope

Pricing and purchase options

Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options


Global Helium Market Report Segmentation

This report forecasts volume and revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest trends in each of the sub-segments from 2018 to 2030. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the helium market report on the basis of phase, application, end-use, and region:

Global Helium Market Report Segmentation

  • Phase Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • Gas

    • Liquid

  • Application Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • Breathing Mixes

    • Cryogenics

    • Leak Detection

    • Pressurizing & Puring

    • Welding

    • Controlled Atmosphere

    • Other Applications

  • End-use Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • Aerospace & Defense

    • Medical & Healthcare

    • Electronics & Electrical

    • Nuclear Power

    • Metal Fabrication

    • Other End-uses

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • UK

      • France

      • Italy

      • Spain

      • Poland

      • Russia

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

      • South Korea

      • Australia

    • Central & South America

      • Brazil

      • Argentina

    • Middle East & Africa

      • Saudi Arabia

      • South Africa

      • Qatar

      • Algeria

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