GVR Report cover Liquid Nitrogen Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Liquid Nitrogen Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Technology (Cryogenic Distillation, Pressure Swing Adsorption), By Function, By Storage & Distribution, By End-Use, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2025

  • Report ID: GVR-1-68038-824-4
  • Number of Pages: 96
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)

Industry Insights

The global liquid nitrogen market size was estimated at USD 15.33 billion in 2019 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.6% from 2020 to 2025. Globally, increasing demand for LN2 in industrial gas and electronic products market is projected to be a key factor driving the market growth.

Environmental health and safety authority has provided safety measures for safe handling of liquid nitrogen. Growing chemical and metal manufacturing industries in both mature and upcoming economies are providing an opportunity for the market to rise over the coming years. Increasing use of LN2 for cooling the electronic products during the manufacturing process is projected to propel the industry from 2017 to 2025.

U.S. Liquid Nitrogen Market Size by Technology

Increasing demand for liquid nitrogen as a coolant and refrigerant among various end-use industries such as healthcare, metal fabrication, food & beverages, rubber & plastic, automotive, electronics, pharmaceuticals, and construction is projected to propel the market over the coming years.

Liquid Nitrogen Market Trends

Presently available modern electronics have semiconductors incorporated in them to facilitate electron control. Semiconductors enable conductivity between metals and insulators. They are usually subjected to high temperatures. In supercomputers, semiconductors need to be kept at a constant temperature as supercomputers run highly complex calculations and perform millions of functions in just one second. The processors form the core of supercomputers and take majority of the workload from highly complex functions. Such operations heat up the system, which, thus, needs to be controlled.

Liquid nitrogen is employed in dermatology for freezing and preventing the growth of precancers, benign growths, and skin cancers. Such cancers and benign growths are treated by means of spraying or applying liquid nitrogen with the help of a cotton swab. The thawing process, which includes freezing of tumors and ailments and damages the cells, thus, hindering their growth.

Liquid nitrogen is also used for storing cells and biological samples at low temperature to preserve tissue samples obtained from various surgeries for the purpose of study. It is also used incryoconservation for preserving animal and human genes. Increasing demand for such applications of liquid nitrogen in the healthcare sector is expected to drive market growth over the forecast period.

Liquid-to-gas expansion ratio of liquid nitrogen is 1:694 at room temperature. A tremendous amount of force maybe generated if liquid nitrogen is vaporized rapidly in an enclosed structure, and this can destruct the surroundings and cause harm to humans as well. Owing to the extremely low temperature of liquid nitrogen it has to be handled with care. Mishandling of liquid nitrogen can lead to spillage and pose significant hazard to human beings. The cryogenic liquid gas is highly hazardous and causes cold burns if it comes in contact with human body. Hence, gloves and other protective gear should be worn prior to the handling of liquid nitrogen.

According to a news report by British Broadcasting Corporation, published on 15th October 2012, Gaby Scanlon,an 18-year-old girl from Heysham, Lancashire, had to undergo an emergency surgery as she consumed a cocktail containing liquid nitrogen. She was diagnosed with pierced or perforated stomach. Such hazardous effects of liquid nitrogen combined with its complex handling procedures are anticipated to restrain market growth over the forecast period.

Technology Insights

Cryogenic distillation dominated the technology segment in 2019 and is expected to be the largest segment across the forecast period. It is a cost-effective technology used to produce industrial gases such as nitrogen, argon, and oxygen. Rising utilization in the fabrication of semiconductor devices is anticipated to augment market growth.

This is the largely used technology to produce liquefied industrial gases due to its low investment cost and a few utility consumption. Polaris Company has developed a purification process for gases at low temperatures using cryogenic distillation technology. Applications involved in cryogenic distillation are the purification of argon, oxygen, carbon monoxide, and light hydrocarbons.

Pressure swing adsorption (PSA) technology is expected to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period. This technology provides an air separation process from gases without liquefaction. Rising demand for pressure swing technology owing to its low operating cost is expected to boost the market over the next eight years. Increasing investments by companies such as Air Products & Chemicals Inc. and Praxair for the development of liquid nitrogen technologies is projected to propel the market over the forecast period.

Linde is one of the major companies which designs and supplies pressure swing adsorption technology. Nitrogen production installation at CP Kelco incorporated by Linde’s ECOVAR ADSOSS-N gas generation plant separates nitrogen from the air using an adsorption-based PSA process.

Function Insights

Due to extreme low-temperature properties, LN2 is used in innovative technologies of cooling and freezing. Coolant is expected to gain the largest market share of around 60% of the overall functional segment. It is highly used in application areas where spray cooling, injection cooling, or immersion cooling is required.

The refrigerant segment is projected to grow at a faster rate over the coming years. Increasing use of liquid nitrogen as a refrigerant in areas such as medicine, industry, research, and cooking is expected to fuel the market growth. In its industrial applications, it is used for rubber removal, temporary ground freeze, metal hardening, and pipe freezing.

In medicine, LIN is used as a refrigerant to maintain low temperatures in biological materials and cryobanks; for instance, cryocans, portable devices store semen at extremely low temperatures. It is also used to store reproductive cells such as sperm & egg, preserve blood, and tissue samples.

Whereas in research LN2 is used to freeze vacuum units and store cellular materials. In cooking, liquid nitrogen is used to make desserts and other related items along with the storage and transportation of food products. Rising application areas of LN2 as refrigerant is expected to spur this industry over the next eight years.

Storage, Distribution, & Transportation Insights

Cylinder and packaged gas is projected to grow at the highest CAGR over the forecast period. The temperature difference between LN2 and the environment is a major concern for safe storage and transportation. Rising demand for the packaging of liquid nitrogen is anticipated to augment the cylinder and packaged gas segment.

Merchant liquid/bulk segment dominated the storage, distribution, & transportation segment in 2019. Increasing demand for liquid nitrogen is expected to boost the distribution and transportation of products over the forecast period. Merchant liquid is projected to be driven by the growing customers who operate the filling of a packaged gas cylinder.

Global Liquid Nitrogen Market Share, by Storage

Liquid nitrogen is preferred to be stored in under-ventilated areas. Storing and handling of liquid nitrogen is a major challenge, and to avoid risks and hazard factors such as burns, container failure, spillage, personal injury, and damage to containers, proper care has to be taken. Cryogenic storage tanks are majorly used for the storage of liquid nitrogen.

According to the British Compressed Gases Association (BCGA), LN2 is not supposed to be commuted in cars. Dewars are expected to be transported in vehicles with a bulkhead. Dry insulated gloves are used while handling the equipment, which got into contact with liquid nitrogen to avoid direct skin contact.

End-use Insights

The chemicals & pharmaceutical segment is expected to be the fastest-growing end-use segment. Increasing use of liquid nitrogen in the pharmaceutical industry to retain the cold reaction temperature for medicines is expected to boost the market over the next eight years. Rising demand for the healthcare sector is a driving factor for the industry.

The metal manufacturing & construction segment emerged as the largest end-use segment accounting for over 41% of the total market revenue in 2016. Increasing use of the product as an industrial gas in metal refining and fabrication process is projected to fuel the market growth over the forecast period.

Liquid nitrogen is used to chill, cool, preserve, and freeze the items in the food & beverage industry. Its properties help in increasing the shelf life of the products. Due to non-adverse effects on the environment and low initial investment cost on equipment over conventional mechanical freezers, it is widely expected to be used in the food & beverage industry over the forecast period.

Major areas where liquid nitrogen is used by the food industry are freezing of bakery products, meat, poultry, fish in addition to prepared meals, vegetables, and fruits. Other end-users include cryotherapy, automotive, and electronic sectors. In electronics, it is used as a cooling agent in manufacturing products.

Regional Insights

North America was the leading liquid nitrogen market and accounted for around 35% of the total market revenue in 2019. Rising developmental activities is projected to propel the market over the forecast period. Increasing number of manufacturers and suppliers in this region is expected to boost the market.

Liquid Nitrogen Market Trends by Region

Asia Pacific is expected to be the fastest-growing regional segment. Emerging economies in a region including India and China have been experiencing strong economic growth. Increasing population and living standards have spurred the market demand in food & beverages, construction, electronics, and pharmaceutical sectors.

According to the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC), the construction industry contributes majorly to the economy of the U.S. and creates structures worth around USD 1.4 trillion annually. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, monthly new residential construction in the country as of March 2022 stood at 1,873,000 building permits, 1,793,000 housing starts, and 1,303,000 housing completions. The rapidly growing construction industry in the country is anticipated to bolster the demand for liquid nitrogen in construction application over the coming years.

China is the largest producer and supplier of LN2 in this region. China’s rapid urbanization is supported by strong economic growth. People in the country are migrating to urban cities with higher earnings. Asia Pacific was the second largest segment following North America, which accounted for around 23% of the total market revenue in 2016.

Rising developmental activities in Asia Pacific is projected to propel the market over the forecast period. Growing income level is expected to boost the demand for high-end electronic products. Increasing growth in chemicals and metal manufacturing industries to supply the raw materials for the manufacturing and construction sector is anticipated to augment the market.

China is one of the largest construction markets in the world and has one of the highest urbanization rates globally. The construction sector accounted for over 6.9% of GDP during the period 2016 to 2020 and employed around 53.66 million people in 2020. In January 2022, the Housing Security Department announced that around USD 6.5 million affordable rental units would be built to relieve the pressure on the housing market. This is expected to boost the construction sector thereby having a positive impact on the liquid nitrogen market.

The construction sector in India consists of the urban development segment and real estate. According to the India Brand Equity Foundation, the country is expected to become the third-largest construction market by 2022. Supportive government initiatives such as ‘Smart Cities Mission’ and ‘Housing for all’ is predicted to fuel the construction industry in the country thereby driving the demand for liquid nitrogen.

Liquid Nitrogen Market Share Insights

The global liquid nitrogen industry is highly competitive and fairly concentrated, with the top four companies Air Liquide S.A., The Linde Group, Praxair Inc., and Air Products & Chemicals Inc. accounting for a maximum share of the global production in 2015. Major market participants include Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation, Messer Group, Emirates Industrial Gases Co. Ltd., Gulf Cryo, Southern Industrial Gas Berhad, and Nexair LLC.

Increasing company product offerings for the end-use industries such as infrastructure, construction, metals & steels, food & beverages, power & energy, and pharmaceuticals are expected to be a key parameter for being competitive in this market. Growing acquisitions being undertaken as an attempt to strengthen the presence and gain industry share.

Liquid Nitrogen Market Report Scope

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2020

USD 16.17 Billion

Revenue forecast in 2025

USD 21.34 Billion

Growth rate

CAGR of 5.6% from 2020 to 2025

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2014 - 2018

Forecast period

2020 - 2025

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD Million, Volume in Units & CAGR from 2020 to 2025

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Technology, function, storage, end-use, and region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Middle East and Africa; Central and South America

Country scope

U.S.; Canada; Mexico; U.K.; Germany; France; Belgium; China; India; Japan; South Korea

Key companies profiled

The Linde Group; Praxair Inc.; Air Liquide S.A.; Air Products and Chemicals, Inc; Gulf Cryo; Southern Industrial Gas Berhad; Messer Group; Emirates Industrial Gases Co.LLC; Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation; Nexair LLC

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent to up to 8 analyst working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional, and segment scope.

Pricing and purchase options

Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options

Global Liquid Nitrogen Market Segmentation

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional & country levels and provides an analysis of the industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global liquid nitrogen market on the basis of technology, function, storage, end-use, and region.

Global Liquid Nitrogen Market Segmentation

  • Technology Outlook (Volume, Million Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • Cryogenic distillation

    • Pressure swing adsorption

    • Others

  • Function Outlook (Volume, Million Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • Coolant

    • Refrigerant

  • Storage Outlook (Volume, Million Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • Cylinders & packaged gas

    • Merchant liquid/ Bulk

    • Tonnage

    • Others

  • End-use Outlook (Volume, Million Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • Chemicals & pharmaceuticals

    • Healthcare

    • Food & beverages

    • Metal manufacturing & construction

    • Rubber & plastic

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Million Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)

    • North America

      • The U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • The U.K.

      • Germany

      • France

      • Belgium

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

      • South Korea

    • Central & South America

    • Middle East & Africa

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