The global liquid waste management market size was valued at USD 90.3 billion in 2018 and is expected to register a CAGR of 3.8% over the forecast period. Factors such as population growth and rapid industrialization in emerging economies have resulted in a rise in the volume of liquid waste generated from the manufacturing sector, which is expected to drive the market.
Toxic and hazardous industrial liquid waste is associated with high environmental risk and poses serious threats to animal and human health. Overutilization of operating capacities of the manufacturing facilities has led to increased generation of toxic and hazardous effluents, which is expected to drive the demand for liquid waste management services from a wide range of industries.
The liquid waste management market in U.S. is driven by the liquid effluents generated from the residential and industrial sectors. Commercial sources are expected to remain an important segment within different sources owing to high generation of liquid waste from the booming tourism sector, recreational centers, and commercial housing complexes.
Factors such as growing socioeconomic awareness regarding limited natural resources, coupled with implementation of regulations promoting enhanced management techniques, are expected to foster the demand for liquid waste management services. Rising consumer awareness regarding the benefits of effluent disposal and recycling is expected to positively impact the industry growth.
The market is governed by stringent regulations imposed by several federal, state, and local government, which is expected to propel market growth over the projected period. Companies operating in liquid effluent management services have to abide by the regulations, such as the clean water act (CWA), waste management act, and other framework directives.
High equipment costs and aging effluent management infrastructure are expected to hamper market growth over the forecast period. In addition, presence of metals, toxic and hazardous materials, chemicals, is likely to drive up the cost of segregation, processing, and treatment, which is further expected to increase liquid waste management cost, thereby benefitting industry expansion.
The residential sector is estimated to reach USD 49.32 billion by 2025 due to rising water utilization per household, resulting in increased wastewater generation. In addition, a positive residential construction outlook post-recession period is expected to augment water consumption, which is expected to work in favor of the market.
The commercial sector is expected to register a CAGR of 4.0% from 2019 to 2025 in terms of revenue on account of rising water usage in medical facilities and HORECA segment. Increasing emission of liquid effluents, primarily sludge water from shopping complexes, hotels, schools, offices, and institutes is expected to have a positive impact on market expansion.
Organic and non-hazardous waste was the largest source in the commercial segment, accounting for 80.6% share of the overall revenue in 2018. Furthermore, rise in the discharge of liquid waste from hospitals through cleaning of medical equipment is expected to foster organic and non-hazardous liquid management segment growth.
Toxic and hazardous waste from industrial sources accounted for a major market share in 2018 and is expected to expand at a CAGR of 3.8% over the projected period. Surging usage of petrochemical based feedstock, coupled with the use of water as coolant across the industrial segment, is expected to drive the market over the forecast period.
The automotive industry is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 4.1% over the forecast period, owing to generation of sludge by OEMs and the automotive aftermarket service providers. Increasing awareness regarding sustainable automotive fluid collection and recycling of fluids, such as engine and motor oils, antifreeze, transmission and brake fluids, and solvents, is projected to fuel growth.
The pharmaceutical industry generates large volumes of effluents and is expected to generate a revenue of USD 5.73 billion by 2025 through the disposal activities. Furthermore, the toxic nature of the effluents emitted from the pharmaceutical industry, coupled with stringent regulations, is expected to aid the growth over the forecast period.
Different manufacturing and service industries including municipality, food and beverages, chemical, agribusinesses, material manufacturing, cosmetics, and consumer electronics accounted for 73.8% share of the overall revenue in 2018. Rising water effluents from the municipal sources is expected to fuel the segment growth over the forecast period.
The waste generated from the iron and steel industry contains a considerable amount of dust, acid, oil, and metal particles and is expected to account for a notable industry share. In addition, growth in the demand for iron and steel by the consumer industries across the globe is expected to drive the industry over the coming years.
Liquid waste collection services accounted for 51.1% share of the overall revenue in 2018 and are differentiated on the frequency of collection, effluent type, volume, and type of equipment required. Increasing demand from different industries for collection services due to stringent regulatory norms is projected to drive the market demand over the forecasts period.
Transportation/hauling of liquid effluents includes movement of a range of hazardous and non-hazardous substances and is subjected to several regulations under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Players involved in providing transportation services have to invest heavily in transportation vehicles and transport system.
The hauling/transportation services segment is expected to expand at a CAGR of 4.3% over the forecast period on account of rising demand for systematic transportation from storage area to the recycling location. The cost associated with transportation is expected to vary with the changes in the volume of effluents produced and distance covered.
The liquid waste disposal segment accounted for 30.3% share of the overall revenue in 2018 and is expected to witness significant growth over the next few years. Disposal of hazardous effluents is associated with high risk, and the treatment facility uses a different disposal method with advanced technology based on effluent characteristics and origin.
The industry in the U.S. accounted for 22.2% of the global share in 2018 owing to penetration in residential, commercial, and industrial segments driven by stringent environmental and disposal regulations in the country. In addition, increasing footfall in the commercial spaces, including supermarkets, shopping malls, and hotels, is expected to drive the market.
China emerged as the second-largest market for liquid waste management services in 2018 and is expected register a CAGR of 3.5% over the projected period. Increased government focus on curbing high levels of environmental pollution owing to accelerated economic growth, rapid industrialization, and high population in the country is expected to favor the industry expansion.
France is one of the major countries that accounted for 6.3% share in 2018. It generates large volumes of municipal waste owing to high per capita water consumption, coupled with established industrial manufacturing base. The country recycles over 96% of the sludge water and is well-established in terms of market players, services, and transportation facilities.
Brazil is expected to witness the highest growth, owing to increasing effluent generation in the country from booming manufacturing and service industry. Consumption of a large volume of water primarily in automotive, pharmaceutical, and iron and steel industries is further expected to boost the industry growth.
The market is highly competitive with the presence of a large number of local and international players operating across the globe. Suez Environment S.A.; Veolia Environmental Services North America Corp.; Clean Harbors Environmental Services; Republic Services Inc.; and Stericycle are the major market players, accounting for a significant market share.
Availability of skilled technical personnel, specialized equipment, diversity of services, quality of service, safety records, and prices are the key competitive factors in the industry. Furthermore, the source of competition varies based on the type of service provided by the local as well as regional players.
Base year for estimation
Actual estimates/Historical data
2014 - 2017
2019 - 2025
Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2019 to 2025
U.S., Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, U.K., Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and Brazil
Revenue forecasts, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends
15% free customization scope (equivalent to 5 analysts working days)
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This report forecasts revenue growth at the global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global liquid waste management market report on the basis of source, industry, service, and country:
Source Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Toxic & Hazardous
Organic & Non-Hazardous
Toxic & Hazardous
Organic & Non-Hazardous
Industry Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Iron & Steel
Oil & Gas
Service Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Country Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
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