Propane Market Report

Propane Market Analysis, By End-use (Industrial, Commercial, Residential, Transportation, Agriculture, Chemicals and Refineries), Value Chain Analysis, Industry Dynamics And Segment Forecasts, 2014 - 2025

  • Published Date: Oct, 2017
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2016
  • Report ID: GVR-2-68038-063-7
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2014-2016
  • Number of Pages: 86

Industry Insights

The global propane market size was estimated at 195.3 million tons in 2016. Worldwide increasing energy demand created high consumption in industrial and commercial end-use is a key growth driving factor for the industry.

Propane is a coherent part of globally rising commercial end-use industry. This end-use will foresee a high traction globally due to growing hospitality industry in MEA and APAC region. Qatar will witness fastest growth in commercial end-use due to FIFA World Cup 2022 which will create an enormous requirement for hotels and restaurants in the country. This phenomenon is expected to increase demand in next eight years.

U.S. propane market

Apart from energy, it is also utilized as an intermediate product for production of propylene and ethylene. Increasing applications in various industries along with growing demand for higher efficiency (British Thermal Unit) fuels in automotive and industries are major growth drivers.

The product is also getting traction in commercial, agriculture and residential sectors which initiated several legislative actions and regulations concerning safe use. Industrial was the largest end-use industry in 2016 and is expected to continue dominating global market owing to growing industrial applications.

Depletion of non-renewable resources; crude oil and increasing environmental concerns have invigorated research of various innovative sustainable technologies that employ bio-based raw materials for production. Strengthening governmental and federal regulations which are likely to restrict traditional processing from non-renewable resources can be overwhelmed using innovative sustainable technologies.

Most manufacturers are focusing on sustainable Good Manufacturing Practices and endeavoring to increase efficiency, conserve natural resources, and optimally use available resources. These initiatives are further expected to boost growth over forecast period.

Growing population coupled with rapid industrialization in developing countries has also driven federal governments to increase their manufacturing spending to cater rising demand. Although, this product is gaining traction in developed countries and will show a significant opportunity in developing countries before end of this decade.

Recently, there has been a growing spur towards the provision of high-quality products to retain loyal customers, since low switching costs have reduced supplier power in recent years. Manufacturers are thus actively involved in product development & research, technological advancement and strategic collaborations to progress their standing in global market.

Key manufacturers are importing LPG to reduce reliance on local companies. The pricing and various other strategic initiatives depend on top industry players. Although, price does not depend on LPG since production cost is much higher than raw material making it one of the costliest fuels available globally. However, cost per Kg varies widely between regions.

The limited supply due to weak demand continued from past few years and will likely show an ongoing trend in future. LPG itself is a cheap substitute of propane which is restricting its market globally. Various other alternatives such as natural gas, LNG and more are also shifting way’s in which customers fulfill their energy needs.

LPG is derived from crude oil during atmospheric distillation process, and after purification, it is sold at much cheaper rate than propane which requires a sophisticated production mechanism. The Shale gas and Shale oil have triggered a revolution in manufacturing, impacting energy sources and petrochemical footprints.  Shale has caused a fundamental shock to LNG which is traditionally considered as stable or predictable.

High prices of natural gas at the beginning of 20th century created a demand for low cost-high efficiency product which emerged as shale. U.S. has vast reserves of shale which can convert this net importer country to a net exporter. With the help of advanced technology, manufacturers succeeded to produce propane from shale gas which is of high-quality produced at affordable cost. Although, technology required for shale is complicated and costly as compared to traditional cracking methods.

End-Use Insights

Industrial emerged as a leading end-use segment and accounted for over 37.7% of total revenue in 2016. Growth of metal manufacturing sector, particularly in Middle Eastern and Asian economies, is touted as a key demand driver for the industrial sector in next eight years.

Low labor cost and decent operating expenses in Asia Pacific region help end-use industries to consume expensive products for their use. The Industrial segment is anticipated to remain a fast-growing end-use industry owing to increasing demand for manufactured goods. In Industrial segment, metal workers use small tanks for cutting torches. Semi-portable and portable heaters which run on the gas, keep construction and road workers warm in winters. It is also used to heat asphalt for highway construction and repairs.

Global propane market

The forklift trucks powered by propane can safely operate inside a factory and warehouse due to neat burning feature of gas. Further, clean burning characteristic makes it ideal for various industrial applications such as cutting & brazing, preheating, soldering, heat treatment and shrink-wrapping. It is a specialty gas used in mixtures to calibrate process control analyzers in petrochemical industry.

The product is also used in as a refrigerant, as an aerosol propellant, and in refrigerant blends. Other applications include controlled atmospheres in metallurgy, efficiency testing of gas burners & engines, calibration gas mixtures and production of different chemicals. The commercial end-use is second largest segment due to high consumption in hotels and restaurants for food preparation.

In North America, a large number of restaurants are cooking their food using only propane gas. In U.K., LPG supplied to restaurants or commercial food establishments are 100% propane thus every restaurant and hotel, even street vendors are preparing food using this gas as fuel. Apart from cooking, it is also utilized for space and water heating in commercial establishments.

Regional Insights

Rapid industrialization and high GDP growth rate in emerging economies such as India, China, and Mexico are expected to lift manufacturing and commercial sectors. In 2015, India had the highest GDP growth rates of 7.5%. It is projected to boost production activities across Asia Pacific, generating greater demand for downstream chemical processing over the forecast period.

Europe was the leading region and accounted for over 29.8% of the total revenue in 2016. Emerging economies in region, particularly in Eastern Europe, have been registering strong economic growth. Population growth and bettering living standards shall shape the future demand course in the region.

It is used in homes for heating water, refrigerating foods, lighting, feeding fireplaces, cooking and air conditioning. The houses in North America and Europe usually have a large tank which stores the gas under pressure as a liquid. The average residential tanks have a capacity between 500 and 1,000 gallons of liquid fuel. Millions of people globally use propane-powered grills.

Recreational vehicles (RVs) are also equipped with appliances which run on this fuel since it serves as a portable energy source for hot water, refrigeration, and cooking. U.S. was the largest producer and consumer in the world. High economic growth supports U.S. rapid urbanization and increasing preference to housing sector. People in the country are migrating to urban cities for higher earnings.

Asia Pacific followed North America and accounted for over 21.5% of the total revenue in 2016. Growth of consumption in the U.S. and Canada is primarily dependent on regulations regarding quality and safety. The region is characterized by standardized policies concerning production, storage and supply of gases. Also, raw material availability and massive reserve of shale gas are also expected to drive growth over forecast period.

Competitive Insights

The global propane market is highly competitive in nature, with top six companies accounting for maximum share in 2016, signifying the industry to be concentrated. Key industry participants include ExxonMobil, BP, Chevron Corp., Royal Dutch Shell, Total SA and Sinopec.

Application development and customized end-uses are expected to be key parameter for being competitive, with mergers & acquisitions and capacity expansion being undertaken as an attempt to diversify end-use portfolio and gain market share.

Report Scope

Attribute

Details

Base year for estimation

2016

Actual estimates/Historical data

2014 - 2016

Forecast period

2017 - 2025

Market representation                                                

Volume in Million Tons, revenue in USD Billion and CAGR from 2017 to 2025

Regional scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa

Country scope

U.S., Canada, Germany, U.K., China, India, Mexico, GCC region

Report coverage             

Revenue forecast, company share, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends

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Segments covered in the report

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional & country levels and provides an analysis on the industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global propane market on the basis of end-use and region:

  • End-Use Outlook (Volume, Million Tons; Revenue, USD Billion, 2014 - 2025)

    • Industrial

    • Commercial

    • Residential

    • Transportation

    • Agriculture

    • Chemicals and Refineries 

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Million Tons; Revenue, USD Billion, 2014 - 2025)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • France

      • U.K.

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

    • Latin America

      • Mexico

    • Middle East & Africa

      • GCC

Key questions answered by the report
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