Tuberculosis is an infectious or sometimes fatal disease with mycobacteria its major cause. In common tuberculosis attacks the lungs, or even other parts of the body such as genitourinary system, lymphatic system and central nervous system. The tuberculosis caused in lungs is known as Pulmonary Tuberculosis while effecting in other parts of the body is known as extra pulmonary Tuberculosis. It can be spread through air by cough, sneeze or transmit through air.
The major symptoms of tuberculosis are chronic cough, night sweat, blood-tinged sputum and fever. According to WTO report published on tuberculosis, 1.3 million died from the disease. The complexity of the treatment is increased by detection of Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) as routine drug cannot be used for the treatment of the disease. Identification of tuberculosis at early stage helps in effective treatment. Hence rapid identification tests are performed either in research laborites or in hospitals.
The various tests used in detection of tuberculosis are basically segmented into two methods namely rapid method and routine method. Routine method is the most prominent and widely used method for detection of tuberculosis which includes skin test. While rapid method of detection of tuberculosis includes polymerase chain reaction, cassette test, microscopic observation drug susceptibility and enzyme linked immunosorbent spot test. Tuberculosis blood test measures hoe the immunity of the system reacts to bacteria of tuberculosis.
The basic customer for the tuberculosis testing market are basically people with HIV or another medical problem that weakens the immunity system, people from the country with common tuberculosis disease such as Latin American countries, Africa, Asia, Russia and Eastern Europe or people exposed to illegal drugs.
The geographical segment of the product is classified into four geographical regions round the world namely Asia-Pacific, European, North American and Row. The market share of Row market is expected to remain consistent but growth prospects are severely high due increasing number of tuberculosis cases in the market. North American market is expected to grow rapidly over the next few years because of increase in tuberculosis cases in homeless shelters, jails or some nursing homes. Europe and Asia-Pacific market have a large share of tuberculosis patients in total world share out of which India and China alone have 5 million of tuberculosis patients according to WTO report, hence rapid increase in demand is expected over the next six years.
Increase in number of infected case all over the world, increasing awareness of health, prominent steps taken by various government of the various developing nations are key drivers of the market, whereas development of advanced and hybrid technique of multiple disorder detection is one the biggest restraint of the market.
Orasure technologies, originates ventures and Labcorp are market leaders of the tuberculosis testing market
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