The U.S. cold storage market size was valued at USD 14.70 billion in 2017 and is expected to register a CAGR of 3.7% from 2018 to 2025. Market growth can be attributed to a number of key factors, such as technological advancements in packaging, processing, and storage of perishable food products and temperature-sensitive items.
Service providers have enhanced their efforts to protect temperature-controlled products from potential tampering or malicious actions. Securing the facility encompasses not only refrigerated warehouses but employees and visitors as well. This has resulted in increasing demand for implementation of monitoring components such as telematics and telemetry devices, RFID devices, sensors and data loggers, and networking devices to improve refrigerated storage and transportation performance and efficiency.
Growing demand for connected trucks, high-cube refrigerated trailers, and vehicles that facilitate cross-product transportation is likely to drive demand for cold storage transportation services. Ever-increasing health awareness among individuals has inspired healthier eating habits and resulted in rising demand for quality product manufacturing.
Outsourcing services in this industry have been gaining popularity among businesses owing to factors such as increasing competition, rapid rise in operational costs, and stringent quality standards. Additionally, numerous benefits provided by outsourcing these services, such as reduced operational costs, improved flexibility, greater efficiency, and expertise, have encouraged its widespread adoption.
Based on warehouse type, the public segment generated the highest revenue in 2017 and is expected to witness a notable shift in its growth from 2018 to 2025. Automation is increasing as a result of several factors. One of the predominant factors is rising need of companies to improve productivity and efficiency of cold storage facilities, which can be addressed by automation. Additionally, shortage of skilled labor is impacting the adoption of Automated Storage and Retrieval System (AS&RS) in refrigerated warehouses. Cost of talent is also largely affected by increase in healthcare costs, minimum wages, and pension costs.
Improvements in efficiency and automation have widened the gap in operating performance between older and newer cold storage facilities. In the past few years, operators in the industry have implemented new technologies, such as high-speed doors, energy-efficient walls, automated cranes, and cascade refrigeration systems, in order to increase efficiency and reduce operating costs. For instance, the adoption of automated cranes has enabled operators to pile goods at greater heights, leading to an increase in average building height of newer facilities.
Rising investments made in larger facilities have led to an increase in capacity by more than 40.0% since 2000. Moreover, due to increased international trade and consumer spending, cold storage operating profits have significantly increased in the last five years. Low interest rates have also enabled operators to finance new constructions.
Based on temperature type, the U.S. cold storage market has been segmented into chilled and frozen. The frozen segment accounted for the largest share in 2017. Meanwhile, the chilled segment is anticipated to witness a notable shift in its growth over the forecast period.
Increasing awareness about convenience among individuals has led to a shift in their preference toward ready-to-cook meals. Moreover, consumers are increasingly opting for frozen food owing to its support for microwave cooking and ease of use in terms of packing technique. These trends have significantly contributed to the rise in adoption of frozen foods, thereby leading to segment growth.
Based on application, the market has been segmented into fruits and vegetables, dairy, fish, meat, and seafood, processed food, and pharmaceuticals. The pharmaceutical segment is projected to witness significant growth from 2018 to 2025. Pharmaceutical and biotechnology supply chains are prone to risks associated with product adulteration during transport. Moreover, stringent federal regulations, standards, and guidelines have resulted in segment growth.
Growing incidence of food and pharmaceutical counterfeiting has resulted in the introduction of stringent government regulations pertaining to production and supply chain. These regulations are impelling industry incumbents to develop rigorous practices and service providers are making investments for improving their infrastructure in order to obtain safety certifications.
California dominated the market in 2017 and is projected to remain the key segment from 2018 to 2025 owing to presence of a large user base in the state. The state represents the highest number of cold storage facilities, having 400 million facilities, which can be attributed to its large population base.
Some of the more lucrative states are North Carolina, South Carolina, and North Dakota, each of which is expected to witness a CAGR of 0ver 4.5% from 2018 to 2025. Developments in transportation facilities, technological advancements, and increased adoption of frozen foods have proliferated demand for refrigeration and storage, leading to market growth.
Key players operating in the industry include Americold Logistics, LLC, AGRO Merchants Group North America, Burris Logistics, Cloverleaf Cold Storage, Henningsen Cold Storage Co., Lineage Logistics Holdings, LLC, Nordic Logistics, LLC, Preferred Freezer Services, United States Cold Storage, and Wabash National Corporation.
Industry players are engaged in implementing several strategic initiatives such as setting up new facilities to offer avenues for increased profitability through improved customer relationships. For instance, in April 2016, Lineage Logistics Holdings, LLC opened a cold storage distribution center in South Carolina to provide users with a solution for expediting domestic access to imported products and for exporting products to foreign markets. The new distribution center has installed the latest technology for high-capacity blast freezing, product handling, and energy conservation.
Base year for estimation
Actual estimates/Historical data
2012 - 2016
2018 - 2025
Revenue in USD Billion and CAGR from 2018 to 2025
Revenue forecast, company share, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends
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This report provides forecasts for revenue growth at country and state levels and provides an analysis of latest industry trends and opportunities in each of the sub-segments from 2012 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the U.S. cold storage market report on the basis of warehouse type, construction type, temperature type, application, and state:
Warehouse Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2012 - 2025)
Private & Semi-Private
Construction Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2012 - 2025)
Temperature Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2012 - 2025)
Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2012 - 2025)
Fruits & Vegetables
Fish, Meat, & Seafood
State Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2012 - 2025)
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