Increasing gas treatment techniques particularly in refineries and petrochemical plants for gas treatment is expected to drive the global wet scrubbers market. Wet scrubber denotes an array of devices that are utilized to eliminate pollutants from furnace flue gas or other gas streams in refineries. Various acts such as Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Air Pollution Control Act (1955), National Emissions Standards Act have been implemented for regulating air quality which otherwise is detrimental to all living organisms. Monitoring agencies such as the Central Pollution Control Board, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the European Environment Agency (EEA) are implementing strict protocols for air pollution control. The global wet scrubber market has expanded exponentially due to several advantages such as the reduced size of the equipment and flexibility of site location. These regulations hence present great opportunities for the global wet scrubbers market in the future. Wet scrubbers have the ability to handle not only gases but also air particulates. This has boosted its demand in countries where air pollution control is of primary concern. Wet scrubbers remove pollutant gases by dissolving or absorbing them into liquid. This has led to elimination of fire and explosion hazards as compared to other pollution control methods since most dry gases are inflammable. The fact that wet scrubbers have very low capital cost can be attributed to the global market. Acid gas control efficiency of wet scrubbers is also much higher than other control methods, contributing to the demand for wet scrubbers. Wet scrubbers help neutralize corrosive gases, leading to increasing demand in industrial applications. Residual sludge or collected build-up in and around the device has been a major issue among wet scrubber consumers since it increases maintenance costs and negatively impacts performance. Wet scrubbers are also not suitable for use in regions with sub-zero temperatures since running water is crucial to its functioning. Such drawbacks are expected to challenge wet scrubbers demand over the forecast period.
Commercially utilized wet scrubbers include low-energy scrubbers, medium-energy scrubbers, and high-energy scrubbers. Further categorization on the basis of their application includes chemical/gas scrubbers, particulate/venture scrubbers, ammonia scrubbers, chlorine scrubbers, particulate/dust scrubbers, and sulphuric acid scrubbers.
Since wet scrubbers cater mostly to industrial needs, the demand for wet scrubbers originates mainly in developed or developing economies. The major source of demand for wet scrubbers arises in the U.S. in the North American region. This is followed by equally burgeoning demand from Germany, Norway, Russia, Turkey, and the U.K. Middle Eastern countries, along with the African peninsula remain an untapped, yet potential market. Increasing oil & gas E&P is expected to drive the regional market growth over the forecast period. Asia Pacific countries such as India, Japan, China, Malaysia, Australia, and Indonesia also comprise a segment that generates medium to high demand for wet scrubbers. Rapid industrialization in emerging markets such as China and India along with increasing shale gas extraction in China are expected to provide growth opportunities for the regional market.
Major players in the global wet scrubbers market include KCH Services Inc., Met-Pro Environmental Air Solutions, Inc., Severn Trent Services, Edlon Inc., Hamon Research Cottrell Inc., Croll Reynolds Company Inc., Beltran Technologies Inc., Fabritech Engineers, and Continental Blowers.
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