Demand for EV connectors and charging stations signals a shift to cleaner transportation

February 2024 | Report Format: Electronic (PDF)

Electric Vehicle Charging Connector Category - Procurement Intelligence

The electric vehicle charging connector category is expected to grow at a CAGR of 18.09% from 2023 to 2030. The increasing demand for charging stations reflects a shift towards cleaner and sustainable transportation solutions. IEA 2023 global estimates show that in 2022, more than 600,000 public slow charging stations were installed in China. Europe ranked second with 460,000 chargers in 2022. For Europe, this was a 50% increase in 2022 from 2021. Netherlands, France, and Germany had the highest chargers installations within Europe. In the U.S., the stock of slow chargers rose by 9% in 2022. In the case of fast chargers, China accounted for 760,000 units. The European governments are aggressively pushing for the development of public EV charging stations to comply with the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR). The presence of public charging points is becoming more important to facilitate the adoption of EVs on a larger scale, which in turn, boosting the category’s growth.

The main obstacle to the swift adoption of electric trucks for regional and long-haul operations is the availability of "mid-shift" quick charging. At present, there exist multiple charging standards in use, and technical specifications for ultra-fast charging are currently under development. The charging connector can be divided into Type 1 (or J Plug or SAE J1772), Type 2, CCS Type 1, CCS Type 2, CHAdeMO, GB/T and Tesla connectors. The North American Charging Standard (NACS), also known as the Tesla charging standard, is currently being standardized as SAE J3400. This is one of the most popular trends in the industry. Even though EV sales surpassed 1 million in the U.S. in 2023, the nation still stands behind China and Germany. This can be primarily attributed to the limited availability of charging infrastructure in the country. Hence, as part of increasing sales strategy, Tesla plugs are to be used for all EVs in the U.S. in the near future.

The global EV charging connector category is fragmented. The charging stations, overall, have witnessed significant growth in China. The electric vehicle charging value chain consists of a range of stakeholders. At the upstream level, manufacturers specialize in providing critical equipment for station construction such as shells, cables, and connectors/plugs. The midstream level mainly comprises operation and construction companies that manage the charging stations. The downstream segment encompasses a cohort of companies that specialize in providing reservation and location services, payment functionalities, and operational management platforms. These services are designed to facilitate seamless integration across the value chain, thus improving the overall experience.

The key costs involved in the production of EV charging connectors are raw materials/wires/cables, energy or electricity, machining/tooling/ laser equipment, labor, mounting accessories, housing and packaging, and facilities. Copper is a highly versatile and sought-after raw material due to its exceptional electrical conductivity and corrosion-resistant properties. It is extensively utilized in the wiring and electrical components of charging stations, owing to its reliability and efficiency.

In order to commercialize chargers rated at 1 MW, a significant investment will be necessary due to the high costs associated with grid upgrades and installation. Ideally, charging stations should be located near transmission lines and substations in highway depots to minimize costs and increase charger utilization. China, Japan, South Korea, the U.S., and Germany are the most preferred countries for companies looking to source EV charging connectors. Most automotive companies or OEMs or EV makers prefer adopting a hybrid outsourcing engagement model with cable manufacturers.

While selecting EV charging connector vendors, it is extremely important to check the charge speed levels, typical charge time, range per hour, the network offered, and the presence of any one-time installation or recurring costs. The cable or connector manufacturing expertise and knowledge are also crucial elements to factor in during purchase decisions. Type 1, 2, or 3 connectors should strictly meet the technical guidelines to ensure safety and reliability.

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Electric Vehicle Charging Connector Sourcing Intelligence Highlights

  • The category is fragmented. However, the top eight to ten players such as Tesla, ABB, Bosch, Siemens, Schneider, Yazaki, and Sumitomo hold dominant market positions with better negotiation power.

  • Regionally in China, as per 2022 estimates, TGOOD dominated with 40% of the total BEV charging station sector/market share. In 2022, the top five companies in the charging operations sector were TGOOD, Star Charge, YKC, State Grid, and Xiaojuchongdian in China.

  • The cost to manufacture a wire or cable can in turn depend on several factors such as the type of metals used-steel or copper, type of wiring, size, and thickness. Copper is a major component used in EV motors, batteries, wiring, and charging stations. In September 2023, global copper prices reached USD 8,535 per MT.

  • The most preferred countries for procuring this category are China, Japan, South Korea, the U.S. and Germany. Most of the automotive companies or OEMs or EV makers prefer adopting a hybrid outsourcing engagement model with cable manufacturers. 

Electric Vehicle Charging Connector Procurement Intelligence Report Coverage

Grand View Research will cover the following aspects in the report:

  • Category intelligence along with emerging technology and regulatory landscape

  • Market estimates and forecasts from 2022 to 2030

  • Growth opportunities, trends, and driver analysis

  • Supply chain analysis, supplier analysis with supplier ranking and positioning matrix, supplier’s recent developments

  • Porter’s 5 forces

  • Pricing and cost analysis, price trends, commodity price forecasting, cost structures, pricing model analysis, supply and demand analysis

  • Engagement and operating models, KPI, and SLA elements

  • LCC/BCC analysis and negotiation strategies

  • Peer benchmarking and product analysis

  • Market report in PDF, Excel, PPT, and online dashboard versions

Cost Intelligence Highlights

Grand View Research has identified the following total cost components for the electric vehicle charging connector category:

  • Raw Materials/ Wire/Cables

  • Energy/ Electricity

  • Machining/ Tooling/ Laser/Equipment

  • Labor

  • Mounting Accessories

  • Housing/ Packaging

  • Facilities

  • Others

    • SG&A Expenses

    • Tax

    • Overheads

Raw Materials/wire/cables, Energy/ electricity, and Machining/Tooling/Laser/Equipment form the largest cost component of the electric vehicle charging connector category

List of Key Suppliers in the Electric Vehicle Charging Connector Category

  • ABB Ltd.

  • Bosch Automotive Service Solutions LLC.

  • Tesla, Inc.

  • Siemens AG

  • YAZAKI Corporation

  • Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd

  • Huber + Suhner AG

  • ITT Cannon Inc.

  • Amphenol Corporation

  • Fujikura Global

  • Aptiv PLC

  • Hirose Electric Co., Ltd

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