Activated carbon, also known as activated charcoal, is a porous form of carbon which is made by processing with oxygen. Activated carbon is in a non graphite carbon form which is produced from any carbonaceous material such as coconut shell, paddy husk, wood, lignite, coir pith, coal, etc. It is used in refining and bleaching of chemical solutions and vegetable oils, recovery of solvents and other vapors, water purification, recovery of gold, in filters to protect against gases and in gas masks. Activated carbon is manufactured using chemical activation and steam activation which is a two-step process. The first step includes carbonizing raw material such as coal, peat, coconut shell or any other material; the second step involves activating with the help of oxygen or chemical treatment to develop pores. Products manufactured from lignite, bituminous and anthracite, sub-bituminous, coconut shell charcoal and wood are the key activated carbon products that are used globally. Carbons manufactured from coal or coconut shells are used in water filters. Prices of coal differ from country to country; the U.S. and China are deemed most important.
Key opportunities over the next few years include developing market for coal fired plants or for removing mercury from flue gas. The implementation of MATS (Mercury and Air Toxic Standard) by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) is a major driver for the market as industries will turn to ACI (Activated Carbon Injection) that uses activated carbon. Activated carbon can be classified as powdered carbon, granular carbon and others. Powdered carbon is used for water treatment and mercury removal and is made by chemical activation process. Granular carbon is made by steam activation process and is used in purification of gas.
The application areas of activated carbon include vapor, gas and liquid treatments such as removal of chlorine and its by-products, medicinal uses, in gas masks and water treatment. The major applications include water and gas purification. Additionally, it is used for decolorizing sweetener and sugar, off gas treatment, production of fine chemicals, deodorization of fruit juices, gold recovery, catalytic process, automotive transistors, etc.
The Asia Pacific region accounts for the largest market share, water purification being the largest segment. The U.S. is the largest market in North America. Industry participants include Haycarb PLC, CarboTech, Carbon Resources LLC, Meadwestvaco Corporation, Cabot Corporation and Calgon Carbon Corporation.
Grand View Research has recently published a detailed report titled "Activated Carbon Market Analysis And Segment Forecasts To 2024". This market research report provides complete estimate and forecast for major market segments on the basis of products, technology, applications and regions. The report also contains detailed industry trends, market dynamics, drivers, restraints and key opportunities. In-depth market analysis such as Porter’s five force model, PESTEL, opportunity prioritization and comprehensive competitive landscape including detailed profiles of top companies are included in the report.
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