GVR Report cover Biodegradable Plastic Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Biodegradable Plastic Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Product (Starch Based, PLA, PHA, PBAT, PBS), By Application (Packaging, Consumer Goods, Agriculture), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2023 - 2030

  • Report ID: GVR-2-68038-410-9
  • Number of Pages: 102
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)

Report Overview

The global biodegradable plastic market size was estimated at USD 4.7 billion in 2022 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.7% from 2023 to 2030. Governments prohibiting the use of single-use plastic coupled with rising awareness among the public regarding the ill effects of plastic waste are among the key trends stimulating market growth. Additionally, increasing the use of biodegradable plastics in packaging and agriculture is anticipated to supplement the growth of the segment. Non-decomposable plastics are a global issue. Governments around the world are tackling this problem by banning single-use plastics and promoting the use of biodegradable plastics. Moreover, consumers are willing to pay more for biodegradable plastics owing to their eco-friendly nature. The aforementioned factors, cumulatively, are providing a fillip to the market.

U.S. biodegradable plastics Market market size and growth rate, 2023 - 2030

Despite environmental advantages, biodegradable plastics have some shortcomings too. Segregation of conventional plastics and biodegradable plastic is a big drawback as there is no distinct difference between them. The inclusion of conventional plastic in biodegradable plastic landfills can cause complications in the decomposition process.

Moreover, not all biodegradable plastics readily decompose in the natural environment, as they require a specific environment in terms of moisture and temperature. Some of the biodegradable plastics release greenhouse gases during decomposition, which is counterproductive to the environmental cause. These factors are likely to act as stumbling stones in the upward climb of the market.

Product Insights

Starch Based was the largest product segment for biodegradable plastics in 2022 with a revenue share of more than 41.3%. On the basis of product, the market is divided into starch-based, PLA, PBAT, PBS, PHA, and others. The starch-based segment is projected to dominate the market in terms of value as well as volume throughout the forecast horizon. Starch-based plastics are used in application industries such as packaging, automobiles, and agriculture. The PLA Product plastics are also rapidly gaining their ground in the arena. The inexpensive cost of PLA compared to any other Product is a major driving factor for the segment.

PHA is projected to register significant growth during the forecast period. The increasing use of PHA in medical and other applications is expected to fuel the growth of the PHA segment in the biodegradable plastic market. PHA is majorly used in medical applications such as drug encapsulation and medical implants. Other medical uses include tissue engineering, bone marrow scaffolds, and bone plates. Other than medical, PHA is also used in the production of compost bags; agriculture foil and films; and packaging for food and beverages and consumer products. These factors are expected to fuel the growth of PHA globally.

Application Insights

Packaging was the largest application segment for biodegradable plastics in 2022 with a revenue share of more than 60.3%. Packaging is one of the leading application sectors for biodegradable plastics. It is used in both rigid and flexible packaging. The replacement of conventional plastics by these plastics in food packaging such as boxes, wraps, cups, and plates is gaining momentum, which is supporting the growth of the biodegradable plastic market.

Global biodegradable plastics market share and size, 2022

The agriculture sector also held a significant share of the market. The use of biodegradable mulch film ensures the conservation of water in the soil, suppression of weed growth, and conducive soil temperature maintenance in order to facilitate faster crop development. The surging use of biodegradable plastics in consumer goods is also evident in developed economies.

Regional Insights

Europe was the largest regional market for biodegradable plastics in 2022 with a revenue share of more than 43.15%. High awareness among people towards plastic waste coupled with European Union ban on single-use plastics is estimated to propel the regional market over the forecast period. On the other hand, Asia Pacific is expected to emerge as the fastest-growing market in the global arena. Rising disposable income and improving the standard of living in developing countries such as China and India are anticipated to augment the market in the region.

Biodegradable Plastics Market Trends, by Region, 2023 - 2030

The Central & South America region also emerged as a promising destination in the market. The availability of cheap raw materials is likely to augur well for the market in the region. The region is projected to register a CAGR of 9.6% during the forecast period. The U.S. biodegradable plastic market is expected to rise significantly over the forecast period on account of the growing demand for bio-based packaging in the food and consumer goods sectors. Bio bags and bio-based plastics have higher tensile strength, are eco-friendly in nature, and are convenient for use as compared to conventional plastics. As a result, the demand for biodegradable plastics is further projected to propel over the forecast period

Europe biodegradable plastic market is anticipated to witness substantial growth over the coming years owing to various factors such as the presence of stringent environment-friendly laws, increasing environmental concerns among consumers, and rising R&D investments in the bioplastics sector by private as well as public organizations. In addition, government initiatives such as the decision of the EU to minimize the overall consumption of single-use plastic products by about 80% in the region by 2022 are anticipated to propel the demand for biodegradable plastics over the forecast period

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

Competition in the market varies from low to medium from region to region. Competition in Europe and North America is medium owing to a large number of players. On the flip side, competitive rivalry in the Asia Pacific is low due to fewer market players. However, the demand for biodegradable plastic is poised to increase in both developed and developing markets. Key market players are pouring hefty funds into research and development to introduce novel biodegradable plastic products, which are strong and readily degradable in the natural environment. Some of the prominent players in the global biodegradable plastic market include:

  • Cargill Incorporated

  • PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd.

  • Biome Technologies plc

  • Plantic Technologies Limited


  • Total Corbion PLA

  • Synbra Technology BV

  • Futerro

  • Novamont SpA

  • NatureWorks LLC

  • Eastman Chemical Company

  • Trineso

  • Danimer Scientific

  • FKuR Kunststoff GmbH

Recent Developments

  • In June 2023, BASF announced the official opening of a Biodegradation and Microplastics Center of Excellence at the company’s Michigan site for helping regional customers in meeting their sustainability and circularity objectives. Focus areas will include understanding disintegration performance of compostable materials, biodegradation performance of novel chemistries, and gathering novel insights on microplastics
  • In May 2023, TotalEnergies Corbion and Bluepha Co. Ltd signed an MoU regarding the acceleration of the adoption of PLA/PHA-based solutions in the Chinese market. The aim of the collaboration is to advance the development of various high-performance biopolymer offerings, through the combination of the former’s Luminy Polylactic Acid (PLA) technology with Bluepha Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)

  • In May 2023, TotalEnergies Corbion announced a partnership with Xiamen Changsu Industrial Pte Ltd. for the development of the PLA sector. The companies will focus on the market promotion and R&D of new technologies and applications of BOPLA (biaxially oriented polylactic acid)

  • In February 2023, NatureWorks hosted a ceremony for celebrating the construction of the company’s Ingeo PLA manufacturing complex in Thailand. The facility, situated at the Nakhon Sawan Biocomplex (NBC) in Nakhon Sawan Province, will function as a production site for lactide, lactic acid, and polymer, with an annual capacity of 75,000 tons

  • In December 2022, Futerro announced its plans to construct the first-ever vertically integrated biorefinery in Europe at Normandy, France, for the production and recycling of PLA. The biorefinery aims to include a PLA conversion unit, a lactic acid unit for transforming raw materials sourced from agriculture, and a unit for the molecular recycling of PLA

  • In October 2022, at the K trade fair held in Germany, the first-ever compostable stick pack made out of a paper laminate and Novamont Mater-Bi bioplastic film was launched. The solution, made for a powdered multivitamin and multimineral supplement by DSM, has a bio-based raw material content of more than 65%

  • In July 2022, PTT MCC Biochem announced a strategic partnership with International Fibres Group for the promotion of novel BioPBS-based staple fibers under the ‘IFGBio’ brand. The aim of the collaboration is to introduce an alternative sustainable material for staple fibers in areas such as food & beverage, geotextile, and construction, among others

  • In October 2021, the Bioplastics division of Biome commenced a large-scale field testing and commercial sales of biodegradable tree shelters in the UK. These solutions leverage the company’s proprietary bioplastics materials to offer conventional benefits of tree shelters for 5 years and then biodegrade naturally over the next 2 years

Biodegradable Plastics Market Report Scope

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2023

USD 5.42 billion

Revenue forecast in 2030

USD 10.0 billion

Growth rate

CAGR of 9.7% from 2023 to 2030

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2018 - 2021

Forecast period

2023 - 2030

Quantitative units

Volume in kilotons, revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2023 to 2030

Report coverage

Volume forecast, revenue forecast, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends

Segments covered

Product, application, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Central & South America; Middle East & Africa

Country scope

U.S.; Canada; Mexico; Germany; France; UK.; Italy; Spain; China; India; Japan; South Korea; Brazil; Saudi Arabia

Key companies profiled

Cargill Incorporated; PTT MCC Biochem Co., Ltd.; Biome Technologies plc; Plantic Technologies Limited; BASF SE; Total Corbion PLA; Synbra Technology BV; Futerro; Novamont SpA; NatureWorks LLC; Eastman Chemical Company; Trineso; Danimer Scientific; FKuR Kunststoff GmbH

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analyst’s working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope

Pricing and purchase options

Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options


Global Biodegradable Plastic Market Report Segmentation

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2018 to 2030. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global biodegradable plastic market report on the basis of product, application, and region:

Global Biodegradable Plastics Market Report Segmentation

  • Product Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • Starch Based

    • PLA

    • PBS

    • PBAT

    • PHA

    • Others

  • Application Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • Packaging

    • Agriculture

    • Consumer Goods

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Kilotons; Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • France

      • U.K.

      • Italy

      • Spain

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

      • South Korea

    • Central & South America

      • Brazil

    • Middle East & Africa

      • Saudi Arabia

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