Chillers Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Chillers Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Product (Air-cooled, Water-cooled), By Compressor Type (Screw, Centrifugal), By End-use (Industrial, Commercial), By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2027

  • Published Date: Aug, 2020
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2019
  • Report ID: GVR-4-68038-923-4
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2016 - 2018
  • Number of Pages: 100

Report Overview

The global chillers market size was estimated at USD 9.9 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.3% from 2020 to 2027. Rising temperatures due to global warming are likely to drive the demand for cooling equipment. Increasing the adoption of chillers owing to their ability to remove heat from the building and maintain internal temperature is anticipated to drive the market. The major components of the chillers include compressor, evaporator, condenser, expansion valve, control units, and power panels. Chillers provide air conditioning by removing unwanted heat from residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. These equipment utilize refrigerants to remove heat from the condenser and evaporators. According to the Joint Center for Housing Studies, baby boomers are anticipated to drive the demand for renovations and new constructions over the next ten years in the U.S. Rising number of construction activities in the country is expected to have a positive impact on the chillers market growth in the country.

The U.S. chillers market size

Vapor compression chillers use an electrically-driven mechanical compressor for forcing the refrigerant around the systems and are categorized into air-cooled and water-cooled. However, the vapor absorption coolers implement heat sources, such as hot water or steam, for enabling the movement of refrigerant in the system, wherein the refrigerant moves around between areas of different pressure and temperature.

Governments of various developing countries have been investing significantly in public infrastructures, such as offices, hospitals, malls, and housing societies. Growth in the construction spending in the emerging economies of the Middle East and the Asia Pacific regions on account of strong industrial and economic development coupled with population expansion is anticipated to have a positive impact on the chillers market growth.

The imposition of lockdowns by various countries to curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in restrictions on the movement of goods and people within the country as well as across countries. This, in turn, has impacted the construction contractors’ ability to complete their projects, thereby impacting the chiller market growth negatively.

Product Insights

The water-cooled segment led the market and accounted for 62.7% of the global revenue in 2019, owing to the longer life span and high efficiency of these systems as compared to the air-cooled equipment for large cooling loads. Water-cooled equipment is installed inside the buildings, which ensures the slow deterioration of the components.

Water-cooled chillers utilize water from external cooling towers and are usually used for large capacity applications. These coolers reject heat from the gaseous refrigerant in a condenser before it is transformed into a liquid. The cooling towers are heat exchangers providing cooling water for the removal of heat from the coolant to cool buildings, process fluids, and machinery.

The air-cooled segment is anticipated to witness the fastest CAGR of 5.2% from 2020 to 2027, in the Asia Pacific region, on account of the low cost of these equipment attributed to a fewer number of components in the system. These coolers require less space and can be installed on roof-tops of the buildings, resulting in more space within the structure for other amenities.

However, the loud noise created by the compressors and fans of the air-cooled products is expected to limit their penetration in the residential buildings. In addition, the requirement of frequent replacement of the product owing to the deterioration of its material by exposure to the wind, snow, frost, rain, and sun is anticipated to hamper growth.

Compressor Type Insights

Screw chillers led the market and accounted for 49.8% of the global revenue share in 2019. These coolers work on either air-cooled or water-cooled mechanisms, using two interlocking rotating helical rotors for compressing the refrigerant. The capacity of the products is controlled with the help of a slider or speed control.

Absorption chillers are used in applications with high-quality waste heat, including building with heated swimming pools and hospitals. Furthermore, buildings having combined heat and power (CHP) engines are paired with absorption coolers. The absence of a compressor in the absorption coolers results in direct or indirect firing and controlling the capacity through the amount of heat entering the system.

The demand for reciprocating chillers is estimated to witness growth at a CAGR of 3.2% from 2020 to 2027, in terms of revenue, on account of its installation in small and medium cooling loads with low-cost refrigerators. These coolers use chamber and piston to compress the refrigerant and control the capacity through speed control, and cylinder unloading or compressor staging.

Centrifugal chillers are available in open and hermetic construction, wherein the latter is widely used. The capacity control of these coolers is achieved by using inlet vanes present of the impellers, which restrict the flow of refrigerants. The compact size and high operational efficiency of the equipment at full load is expected to have a positive impact on its demand.

End-use Insights

The commercial sector led the market and accounted for 44.4% of the global revenue share in 2019. Chillers are used in various commercial buildings, such as corporate offices, data centers, public buildings, healthcare facilities, education institutes, and warehouses, to maintain the temperature in the structures during warm weather.

Chillers are used in data centers for cooling the heat generated in the high-density enclosed spaces. The requirement of maintaining constant temperature, humidity, air cleanliness, and air movement within the data centers to avoid downtime and equipment failure is expected to augment the product adoption in the commercial sector.

Global chillers market share

The product demand in the food & beverage industry is estimated to witness growth at a CAGR of 3.4% from 2020 to 2027, in terms of revenue. Glycol chillers are used in wineries and breweries to maintain the temperature of the beverage products. These coolers circulate chilled propylene glycol through the cooling coils for keeping the cold temperature of the beverage and food storage units.

The explosion-proof chillers are used by petrochemical companies, such as Chevron, Shell, and Exxon, and in off-shore oil rigs to maintain the facilities' temperature. The low-temperature systems aid in maintaining temperatures as low as -40° F and are used for petrochemical cooling and to create ice for ice skating rinks.

Regional Insights

The Asia Pacific dominated the market and accounted for over 45% of global revenue in 2019 due to the investments in the commercial and residential construction industries. The rising number of data centers in the region is anticipated to have a positive impact on the chillers market growth over the forecast period.

The rapid growth of transportation facilities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is expected to boost residential and commercial development in vicinities, which is expected to have a positive impact on the product demand over the forecast period. Factors, such as increasing the tourism sector, population growth, and rapid urbanization, are driving the construction industry, in turn, driving the chillers market growth in the country.

The product demand in Europe's food & beverage industry accounted for over 20% of the region's industrial sector revenue, owing to the rising consumption of frozen foods. Furthermore, increasing demand for small- and medium-power cooler units in Southern Europe is anticipated to drive the product demand in the region.

The construction of commercial buildings, such as retail buildings and offices, has witnessed significant growth in Melbourne and Sydney. Factors, such as the steady population growth, availability of skilled labor, and technological advancements, in Australia, are expected to drive the construction industry, and in turn, boosting the chillers market growth over the forecast period.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

The global market is highly competitive on account of the presence of global and local manufacturers. The companies are engaged in expansion through mergers & acquisitions and joint ventures. For instance, in September 2019, Trane acquired Arctic Chiller Group, a Canadian HVAC manufacturer, to expand its product offerings. Market players are focusing on acquiring certifications and expanding production capabilities to cater to increasing product demand. In addition, they comply with various energy-efficiency requirements stated by the regulatory authorities. These companies offer a wide range of systems that are sold through multiple channels, including distributors, company-owned websites, retailers & their websites, and e-commerce websites. Some of the prominent players in the chillers market include:

  • Trane

  • Cold Shot Chillers

  • Tandem Chillers

  • Drake Refrigeration, Inc.

  • Refra

  • Carrier

  • FRIGEL FIRENZE S.p.A.

  • Midea

  • Rite-Temp

  • Multistack, LLC.

  • DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, Ltd.

  • General Air Products

  • ClimaCool Corp.

  • JOHNSON CONTROLS - HITACHI AIR CONDITIONING COMPANY

  • Fluid Chillers, Inc.

Chillers Market Report Scope

Report Attribute

Details

Market size value in 2020

USD 10.3 billion

Revenue forecast in 2027

USD 13.9 billion

Growth Rate

CAGR of 4.3% from 2020 to 2027

Base year for estimation

2019

Historical data

2016 - 2018

Forecast period

2020 - 2027

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2020 to 2027

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Product, compressor type, end-use,  region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Central & South America; Middle East & Africa

Country Scope

The U.S.; Canada; Mexico; Germany; France; Italy; Spain; The U.K.; China; India; Japan; South Korea; Australia; Brazil; Argentina; UAE; Saudi Arabia

Key companies profiled

Trane; Cold Shot Chillers; Tandem Chillers; Drake Refrigeration, Inc.; Refra; Carrier; FRIGEL FIRENZE S.p.A.; Midea; Rite-Temp; Multistack, LLC.; DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, Ltd.; General Air Products; ClimaCool Corp.; JOHNSON CONTROLS - HITACHI AIR CONDITIONING COMPANY; Fluid Chillers, Inc.

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Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2016 to 2027. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global chillers market report on the basis of product, compressor type, end-use, and region:

  • Product Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2027)

    • Water-Cooled

      • <50kW

      • 51-100kW

      • 101-200kW

      • 201-300kW

      • >301kW

    • Air-Cooled

      • <50kW

      • 51-100kW

      • 101-200kW

      • 201-300kW

      • >301kW

  • Compressor Type (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2027)

    • Screw Chillers

    • Centrifugal Chillers

    • Absorption Chillers

    • Scroll Chillers

    • Reciprocating Chillers

  • End-Use Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2027)

    • Commercial

      • Corporate Offices

      • Data Centers

      • Public Buildings

      • Mercantile & Service

      • Healthcare

      • Others

    • Residential

    • Industrial

      • Chemical

      • Food & Beverage

      • Metal Manufacturing & Machining

      • Medical & Pharmaceutical

      • Plastics

      • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 - 2027)

    • North America

      • The U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • France

      • Germany

      • Italy

      • Spain

      • The U.K.

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

      • South Korea

      • Australia

    • Central & South America

      • Argentina

      • Brazil

    • Middle East & Africa

      • UAE

      • Saudi Arabia

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