GVR Report cover Internal Combustion Engine Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Internal Combustion Engine Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Fuel (Petroleum And Natural Gas), By End-use, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2022 - 2030

  • Report ID: 978-1-68038-591-5
  • Number of Pages: 120
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Range: 2018 - 2020
  • Industry: Technology

Report Overview

The global internal combustion engine market size was estimated at 169,603.7 thousand units in 2021 and is projected to register a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.3% from 2022 to 2030. The market witnessed tremendous growth and is expected to increase owing to a rise in demand for passenger and commercial vehicles in developed and emerging countries. Electric power trains are increasingly being combined with internal combustion engines (ICE) to improve vehicle fuel economy, which is a key factor driving the market's growth. Demand for the product is increasing across the industry such as agriculture, construction, mining, and power generation. The lack of EV infrastructure availability worldwide is also responsible for the uptake of the ICE market. Also, the growing popularity of vehicles using gasoline and growing shale gas production are other factors driving the market growth.

U.S. Internal Combustion Engine Market Demand, by End use

Various strict laws and criteria relating to efficient technologies by the government are expected to boost the ICE market. For instance, the Indian government has made flex-fuel engine manufacturing mandatory for vehicle manufacturers. Thus, prompting manufacturers to increase the manufacturing of ICE. However, the absence of EV infrastructure and charging stations might lead to the industry's rise in the forecast period.

The emergence of COVID-19 had a negative impact on the manufacturing of industrial engines and other equipment. As the virus spread throughout the world, several countries went into lockdown, leading to the closure of the industry. This also led to supply chain disruption of raw materials, and essentials for the engine manufacturing. The engine manufacturer reported a revenue and demand decline throughout the COVID- 19.

From 2020 through mid-2021, the crisis causes disruption. As governments worldwide gradually withdrew different containment measures to stimulate the economy, the energy and power industry started to pick up speed sooner. Internal combustion engines took a lift in the second half of 2021, positively impacting industrial equipment manufacture, including internal combustion engines. On the other hand, the strict government mandates regarding CO2 emissions have provided a solution to the manufacturers and are expected to offer lucrative opportunity for worldwide market advancement during the forecast period.

IC engines have traditionally gained traction throughout many years. Although, the increasing price of crude oil, stringent emission norms, fuel supply security, and noise pollution have compelled OEM to shift their focus toward natural gas and hydrogen-based engines. For instance, In April 2021, Toyota announced that it is developing a hydrogen-fueled combustion engine that will be used in sports vehicles and seeks to create a thriving and sustainable mobility society.

Similarly, Cummins Inc. has introduced a new natural gas heavy-duty power train. The ISX12N near-zero natural gas engine and the Endurant HD N 12-speed automated transmission from Eaton Cummins Automated Transmission Technologies are well suited for haul-fleet that regionally carry heavy-duty cargo, which aims to reduce emissions and improve the company's sustainability profile.

Technological advancements bring evolution to the internal combustion engine, allowing them to provide more power while using less fuel. Meanwhile, engines will continue to play an essential role in the automotive industry's evolution. Also, they have the potential to improve in areas like thermal efficiency, emissions, and electrification. The introduction of the new concept of Low-temperature combustion (LTC) is a cutting-edge combustion idea for internal combustion engines that has recently gotten a lot of attention.

LTC technology has significant advantages in decreasing nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) and reducing specific fuel usage. However, controlling ignition time and heat release rate (HRR) are major obstacles to overcome before LTC technology can be widely adopted in vehicle engines. Internal combustion engines are no longer the only choice for vehicle power trains due to the development of alternative energy and hybrid vehicle technologies. Also, the rising adoption rate of EVs (electric vehicles) and the increasing shortage of fossil fuel reserves resulting in higher petroleum product costs are among the major factors restraining market growth.

Furthermore, regulatory presence in the market for internal combustion engines due to their environmental effect, as well as increasing fuel consumption regulations, has raised technological costs and posed a serious challenge to the thermal efficiency of internal combustion engines. Therefore, all above mentioned are restraining factors and will further challenge the internal combustion engine market during the forecast period.

End-Use Insights

Based on end-use type, the ICE market is segmented into automotive, marine, and aircraft. The automotive segment held the highest market share of more than 60.0% in 2021. This expansion is linked to rising consumer disposable income, which has resulted in increased car usage throughout the world. The automotive manufacturers are focused on developing efficient internal combustion engines which provide high returns on the manufacturing investments. Furthermore, technological advancements that increase IC engine fuel economy, emissions, and performance are expected to propel the market's growth during the forecast period.

The aircraft segment is expected to witness a moderate CAGR of around 8.6% throughout the forecast period. This segment is primarily driven by the commercial aviation industry's favorable market dynamics. The application of ICE in aircraft used for tourism, logistics, and defense requires high-performing ICE, which has higher torque. This internal combustion engine application in various industries is expected to encourage market growth. Furthermore, technical developments like multi-fuel capability, which increases fuel mileage, will boost demand for the segment.

Fuel Insights

Based on fuel type, the ICE market is segmented into petroleum and natural gas. The petroleum segment dominates the market with the highest market share of more than 80.0% in 2021, due to the advantages offered by the petroleum internal combustion engine, such as less vibration and noise. Moreover, technological advancement in the automotive industry is expected to increase revenue flow for the segment. This growth can be attributed to the benefits offered by gasoline engines, such as they are efficient, cheaper, lightweight, and reducing emissions.

Global Internal Combustion Engine Market Share, by Fuel

Although abundant availability and cost advantages, the natural gas segment has a lower market share. In comparison to petroleum, the fuel type will take years to gain broad adoption because diesel and gasoline are used in the majority of cars. Meanwhile, natural gas is expected to rise steadily in the foreseeable future as the gas is the cleanest burning-hydrocarbons that produce less emission, helping in reducing carbon emission. Additionally, LNG is used as an alternative to diesel and heavy fuel oil in transport due to its low carbon emission levels.

Regional Insights

Asia- Pacific market is anticipated to account for a significant revenue share in the global internal combustion engine market. The presence of several automotive manufacturers, as well as increased demand for the passenger automobiles in some of the region’s major countries, such as India and China, are the primary factors driving growth of the market. Furthermore, the lack of electric vehicle charging infrastructure and the expensive cost of electric motors support market growth. The use of natural gas in ICE due to low emission is also aimed at making ICE an alternative to EV. The aviation industry in the Asia Pacific is also booming, giving the aviation engines segment opportunities to expand during the forecast period.

Internal Combustion Engine Market Trends by Region

North America is projected for growth in the internal combustion engine (ICE) industry due to the high rate of automobile adoption within the area. North America is a home for the major automobile manufacturers such as General Motors Company and Ford Motor Corporation; the car makers are constantly redefining the design and size of the ICE to make it lightweight and smaller in size and are more efficient in performance. Such technological iterations are making a positive impact on the market growth. Europe is expected to grow in the market for internal combustion engines due to stringent government laws relating to CO2 emissions, as well as an increasing emphasis on the usage of electric cars within the area.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

The primary competitive factors of the manufacturing companies include the launch of new products, regional presence, and pricing. For instance, Renault has introduced a new concept SUV with a hydrogen-powered power train. This SUV design includes an internal combustion engine that runs on hydrogen rather than fossil fuels like gasoline and diesel.

These market suppliers have used innovative strategic strategies such as acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships to gain a competitive edge in the global market sector. For instance, Audi has recently publicized its plans to unveil a final car equipped with an IC engine in 2026. Some of the prominent players in the global internal combustion engine market include:

  • Volvo AB

  • Toyota Motor Corporation

  • Volkswagen AG

  • Rolls- Royce Holding plc

  • Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.

  • Renault SA

  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

  • MAN SE

  • General Motor Company

  • Ford Motors

  • Fiat Chrysler

  • Robert Bosch GmbH

  • AGCO Corporation

  • Caterpillar Incorporated

  • Shanghai Diesel Engine Company Limited

Internal Combustion Engine Market Report Scope

 Report Attribute


Market volume value in 2022

181,835.6 thousand Units

Volume forecast in 2030

370,693.0 thousand Units

Growth rate

CAGR of 9.3% from 2022 to 2030

Base year for estimation


Actual estimates/Historical data

2018 - 2020

Forecast period

2022 - 2030

Quantitative Units

Volume in Thousand Units, CAGR from 2022 to 2030

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, trends

Segments covered

Fuel, end-use, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Latin America; Middle East & Africa

Country scope

U.S., Canada, U.K., Germany, France, Italy, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Brazil& Mexico

Key Company Profiled

Volvo AB; Toyota Motor Corporation; Volkswagen AG; Rolls-Royce Holdings plc; Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, Renault SA, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries; MAN SE; General Motors; Ford Motor; Fiat SpA; Caterpillar Incorporated; Shanghai Diesel Engine Company Limited; Bosch; AGCO Corporation

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analyst’s working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope.

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Global Internal Combustion Engine Market Segmentation

This report forecasts revenue and Revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2018 to 2030. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global Internal Combustion Engine Market report based on fuel, end-use, and region:

Global Internal Combustion Engine Market Segmentation

  • Fuel Outlook (Volume, Thousand Units, 2018 - 2030)

    • Petroleum

      • Diesel

      • Gasoline

      • Others

    • Natural Gas

      • CNG

      • LNG

      • Others

  • End-use Outlook (Volume, Thousand Units, 2018 - 2030)

    • Automotive

      • 50 - 200 HP

      • 200 - 300 HP

      • < 300HP
    • Marine

      • 258 - 1000 HP

      • 400 - 1400 HP

      • 730 - 1800 HP

    • Aircraft

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Thousand Units, 2018 - 2030)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

    • Europe

      • U.K.

      • Germany

      • France

      • Italy

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • Japan

      • India

      • South Korea

    • Latin America

      • Brazil

      • Mexico

    • Middle East and Africa

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