Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) & Fluorine Gas (F2) Market Size, Share & Trend Report

Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) & Fluorine Gas (F2) Market Size, Share & Trend Analysis Report By Application And Segment Forecasts To 2020

  • Published Date: Sep, 2015
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2014
  • Report ID: 978-1-68038-241-9
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2012-2014
  • Number of Pages: 90

Industry Insights

Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) is an inorganic compound and has toxic, odorless, non-flammable properties. NF3 is manufactured by the reaction of hydrochloric acid (HCL) and ammonia (NH3) and primarily used in the cleaning of silicon wafers in semiconductor and solar energy applications. Fluorine gas (F2) is produced either from fluorite (fluorspar) or fluorapatite, used in uranium enrichment, switchgears and electronic cleaning applications. Fluorine in the form of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) are used for uranium enrichment and as a dielectric medium for gas insulated switchgears, respectively. Nuclear enrichment enables uranium for further processing in power generation and other applications.

Increasing uranium production is expected to boost the demand for UF6 in the nuclear power production driving groth in the F2 market. NF3 is considered in place of other cleaning agents such as sulfur hexafluoride, per fluorocarbons and hexafluoroethane on account of its environmental effectiveness. Increasing solar power generation is expected to boost the NF3 market demand for thin film solar cells.

North America NF3 market

In addition, NFis used in plasma processing for fabricating the integrated circuits of televisions, laptops and tablets. It mainly cleans the silicon wafers at Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) in Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs). NF3’s fluorine content is used for cleaning the silicon-based impurities in the chamber. Hence, increasing demand of LCD televisions is expected to boost NF3 market demand for use in televisions. However, the Kyoto Protocol has recognized NF3 as the second most GWP gas after SF6 and included it in the list for second commitment period from 2013.

The growth in demand for LCDs is expected to boost the demand for NF3 over the forecast period. However, many manufacturers have started to use of F2 in place of NF3 catering to solar cells and LCDs owing to their environmental friendly nature. The increased use of F2 in uranium enrichment is expected to further augment its demand for nuclear production. In addition, the preference of Gas Insulated Switchgears (GIS) over Air Insulated Switchgears (AIS) is expected to propel the demand of F2as a dielectric medium intended for electrical applications.

The adoption of Kyoto Protocol by the U.S. and European countries is expected to restrict NF3 market demand for different applications in the region. Additionally, being highly reactive and hence toxic to human beings in case of direct and prolonged exposure which can be a major restraint for the F2 market.

Application insights

Semiconductor chips were the largest application segment for NF3 and accounted for 45.9% of market share. NF3 market for semiconductor chips is expected to account for 44.2% of total market share in 2024. The demand for NF3 in semiconductor chips is expected to be driven by increasing use of NF3 as a greener alternative to clean silicon wafers.

NF3 is majorly used in manufacturing of semiconductor chips, flat panel displays and solar cells, whereas, F2 is used in uranium enrichment, sulfur hexafluoride, and in electronic cleaning. Semiconductor chip was the largest application segment for the NF3 market and accounted for 45.9% of total demand in 2013. It is mainly used to clean manufacturing chamber of silicon chips in the semiconductor industry. It is also used in the cleaning of PECVD (Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition) chambers for the manufacturing of large volumes of flat panel displays in laptops, mobile phones, digital cameras, camcorders, point-and-shoot cameras, and pocket video cameras.

Global F2 market

Additionally, NF3 market applications also include cleaning of silicon wafers in plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) for the production of thin-film solar cells or thin film photovoltaic cells. Uranium enrichment was the largest application for the F2 market in 2013. F2 is used in the form of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) for nuclear enrichment of uranium trioxide (U3O8).

Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) is majorly used as a dielectric medium in electronic applications. The other uses of SF6 include contrast agent for ultrasound imaging, tracer compound and casing medium for the magnesium production. F2 is used in the cleaning of PECVD manufacturing chamber for the production of semiconductors. It is mainly used for cleaning silicon wafers present in the silicon-based semiconductors.

Regional insights

Asia Pacific was the largest regional NF3 market as well as F2 market with 43.5% and 45.4% of the total demand respectively. The growth of semiconductor industry in South Korea, China and Japan is expected to augment drive NF3 market demand in the production of semiconductors. Demand is expected to be further propelled owing to increasing demand for flat panel displays in emerging markets such as China and India. 

The growth of semiconductor industry in European Union is expected to boost the production of semiconductors in the region. In addition, European Union’s announcement of Euro 100 million investments in semiconductors is expected to boost the production of semiconductors. As a result, the increasing use of NF3 for the manufacturing of semiconductors is expected over the forecast period. The shift in manufacturers of flat panel displays from Europe to Asia Pacific on account of surging demand of LCDs and low production cost in China and India is expected to hamper the production of flat panel displays in Europe.

The increase in nuclear power generation in China, India and Australia is expected to boost the F2 market demand for uranium enrichment over the forecast period.

Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) & Fluorine Gas (F2) market share insights

Technological developments such as utilization of F2 gas in chemical recovery of unconventional petroleum resources such as gas hydrates is expected to tap new applications by F2 over the forecast period. In addition, Air Liquide and Solvay Group joined their hands in developing a new F2 gas intended for electrical applications.

Companies in the Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) & Fluorine Gas (F2) market include Mitsui Chemicals Inc, American Gas Group, Central Glass Co. Ltd, Formosa Plastics, Kanto Denka Kogyo Co. Ltd, Ulsan Chemical Company Limited, Foosung Co. Ltd, Hyosung, Linde Group, Navin Fluorine India and OCI Materials Co.

Report Scope



Base year for estimation


Actual estimates/Historical data

2012 – 2014

Forecast period

2015 - 2020

Market representation                                    

Installed capacity in MW and CAGR from 2015 to 2020

Regional scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of the world

Report coverage        

Volume forecast, revenue forecast, company share, competitive landscape, and growth factors and trends

15% free customization scope (equivalent to 5 analysts working days)

If you need specific market information, which is not currently within the scope of the report, we will provide it to you as a part of customization

Segments covered in the report

This report forecasts revenue and revenue growth at global, regional & country levels and provides an analysis on the industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2012 to 2020. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) & Fluorine Gas (F2) market on the basis of application and region.

  • NF3 Application Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2012 – 2020)

    • Semiconductor Chips

    • Flat Panel Displays

    • Solar Cells

  • F2 Application Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2012 - 2020)

    • Uranium Enrichment

    • Sulfur Hexafluoride

    • Electronic Cleaning

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2012 - 2020)

    • North America

    • Europe

    • Asia Pacific

    • Rest of the World

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