The global viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market size was valued at USD 2.87 billion in 2021 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.71% from 2022 to 2030. Viral vectors are tools for delivering genetic material into cells. Viruses have developed specific systems for transporting their DNA inside the cells they infect. Furthermore, retrovirus, adenovirus, lentivirus, herpes simplex virus, and others are among the viral vectors which can be employed to transfer genetic material into the genetic composition of cells.
The viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market saw a lucrative opportunity due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, the market players are shifting their business focus toward the development of viral vectors for the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. Viral vectors are commonly employed tools used in the discovery and development of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has encouraged investment in this space in search of a vaccine as viral vector-based vaccines can be manufactured and designed relatively quickly with the use of the same building blocks. For instance, Companies such as Johnson and Johnson/Janssen (J&J); AstraZeneca/University of Oxford; Gamaleya Research Institute; and CanSino Biologics have developed viral vector-based vaccines.
The market for viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing is growing due to the increasing prevalence of target ailments and diseases and the efficacy of viral vectors in gene therapy delivery. This increase is aided by continued research into viral vector-based cell and gene therapies, as well as financing for gene therapy advancement. In addition, an increase in the number of gene therapy-based discovery programs initiated by biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies is expected to drive the demand for scalable production of gene therapy vectors.
A rising number of patients opting for gene therapy is driving the global market. Due to a surge in gene therapy development, demand for plasmid DNA is skyrocketing. Thus, Adeno-associated virus (AAV), lentivirus, and other viral vector systems require pDNA (Plasmid DNA) to be manufactured. In addition, several genetic illnesses and infectious diseases are on the rise in different areas of the globe. For instance, as per UNAIDS data, 38.0 million people across the globe were living with HIV in 2019, and 1.7 million people were newly infected with the virus.
Additionally, rising demand for synthetic genes and untapped expanding market potential are projected to open up new chances for market players in the future. However, the risk of insertional mutagenesis and the high cost of gene treatments stymie market expansion. Furthermore, technical innovations that address the constraints posed by traditional vector production processes create an attractive potential for industry manufacturers.
The Adeno-associated virus (AAV) segment held the highest market share of 18.86% in 2021. The increase is due to the development of ocular and orthopedic gene therapy treatment exhibiting increased efficacy and efficiency. Recently, usage of AAV is rising considerably across several therapeutic areas, consequently witnessing a significant boost in adoption rate throughout the forecast period. Proven records of non-pathogenicity are one of the important key factors boosting their adoption and these factors are driving the segment market growth.
Adenoviral vectors are also deemed safe. Thus, they are rapidly being used in a variety of research contexts. ADV vectors are widely utilized as vaccines due to their ability to elicit significant humoral and T-cell responses. The use of an adenovirus vector as a CRISPR/Cas9 delivery method has resulted in successful gene disruption in the host genome of numerous human cells in studies.
The downstream processing segment held the highest market share of 53.31% in 2021 owing to highly complex procedures carried out for polishing and purification of clinical grade final products. Moreover, the growing demand for viral vectors due to their increased adoption as therapeutics has led to an increase in the need for optimizing downstream processing. Small-scale virus preparation methods regularly include procedures that are difficult to scale up and are considered complex. As a result, several scalable commercial processes are being investigated and optimized to ensure the quantity of viruses along with improved quality and these factors are driving the segment market growth.
Development of advanced products such as the ambr 15 microbioreactor system for high-throughput upstream process development is expected to drive the segment. ambr 15 microbioreactor system allows efficient cell culture processing with automated experimental setup & sampling, which requires less labor & laboratory space, and time taken for cleaning and sterilization is also very less. Companies such as GE Healthcare are involved in the development of upstream cell culture processes using modern tools and technologies to meet the rising demand for cost-effective and scalable manufacturing processes of viral vectors
The vaccinology segment held the highest market share of 24.76% in 2021. This is due to the widespread use of viral vectors in vaccine development due to their efficiency-related benefits. The ability to trigger a broad immunological response, as well as the safety profiles and ease of manufacture, are all positives. In addition, EMA has approved the usage of AAV for clinical use as it can express episomal genes without integrating itself into the host genome. Furthermore, efforts undertaken to design and optimize vaccination regimens would drive the development of new vaccines.
The recent COVID-19 virus outbreak has prompted the use of viral vectors in vaccine research. Though viral vectors are widely employed for vaccine production before the introduction of COVID-19, the scientific community has had to repurpose existing methodologies due to the necessity of developing a vaccine against this virus. In the COVID-19 viral vector vaccines, non-replicating viral vectors are used and these factors are driving the segment market growth.
The research institutes segment held the highest market share of 56.60% in 2021. The increasing involvement of scientific communities in gene and cell therapy research is expected to increase the demand for viral vectors owing to the high demand for vectors for conducting research. In addition, research organizations, pharmaceutical, and biopharmaceutical companies are developing as key end-users of the market for viral vectors and plasmid DNA synthesis, contributing to an increase in the introduction of sophisticated medicines and a growing number of gene therapy-based R&D initiatives. Abeona Therapeutics, for instance, is one of these firms that is testing AAV9-based gene treatments for CLN1 and CLN3 disorders. Thus, it will fuel the market growth.
Pharmaceutical and biotechnological companies are leading in terms of the use of vectors. These vectors are used for the development of advanced therapies to treat chronic conditions like cancer and genetic disorders. This, in turn, has led to the major share of pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies in the market. The growing interest of pharma companies in new areas of medicine including gene therapies is expected to drive the segment. On the other hand, research institutes are expected to grow significantly throughout the forecast period owing to the high demand for vectors for conducting research.
The cancer segment held the highest market share of 37.28% in 2021. An increase in the adoption of vectors for the development of cancer therapies, a large number of research programs, and recent approvals of gene therapy products led to the growth of the market. Companies have a robust pipeline portfolio of cancer gene therapy products, which in turn is expected to boost market growth throughout the forecast period.
A number of research studies are being carried out to study the efficiency of viral vector-based therapies used in the treatment of genetic disorders. Some genetic disorders for which gene therapy applications are being investigated include X-linked chronic granulomatous disease, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), and Rett syndrome.
North America dominated the global market with a share of 48.99% in 2021. Some of the major factors that have contributed to the large share of this regional market are the presence of a substantial number of centers and institutes that are engaged in the R&D of advanced therapies. Investments made by the federal bodies for the expansion of cell therapy research base in the region are anticipated to enhance the growth of North America market.
The Asia Pacific is estimated to be the fastest-growing region due to the rising patient population, increasing R&D activities in this field, and others. Moreover, patients from western countries are traveling to Asian countries for stem cell therapies because the legal framework is less restrictive in this region. In addition, the large regional population and untapped potential in the region have resulted in a business shift for global firms in this region. Moreover, this region offers relatively inexpensive manufacturing & operating unit for conducting research. These factors are expected to play a major role in the expansion of the stem cell field in this region and further boost the market growth.
The market for viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing is highly competitive with the presence of well-established as well as small and mid-sized emerging players. A prominent number of players are rapidly opting for geographical expansion, strategic collaborations, and partnerships through mergers and acquisitions in emerging and economically favorable regions. For Instance, Cobra Bio focuses on the manufacturing of scalable, and robust process strategies for the manufacture of a viral vector. The company is active in the production of lentiviral vectors, AAV, and adenoviruses. Moreover, in January 2021, Cobra Biologics expanded its manufacturing facilities in Europe and the U.S. It includes the expansion of the HQ DNA manufacturing facility by four times and new facilities in Europe. This enhanced the company’s position in the market. Some of the key players in the global viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market include:
FUJIFILM Diosynth Biotechnologies
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Takara Bio Inc.
Miltenyi Biotec GmbH
SIRION Biotech GmbH
BioNTech IMFS GmbH
Market size value in 2022
USD 3.73 billion
Revenue forecast in 2030
USD 11.19 billion
CAGR of 14.71% from 2022 to 2030
Base year for estimation
2017 - 2020
2022 - 2030
Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2022 to 2030
Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends
Vector type, workflow, application, end-use, disease, product type, region
North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Latin America; MEA
U.S.; Canada; Germany; U.K.; France; Italy; Spain; China; Japan; India; Australia; South Korea; Brazil; Mexico; Argentina, South Africa; Saudi Arabia; UAE
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This report forecasts revenue growth and provides an analysis on the latest trends in each of the sub-segments from 2017 to 2030. For this report, Grand View Research has segmented the global viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market based on vector type, workflow, application, end-use, disease, product type and region
Vector Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)
Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV)
Workflow Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)
Vector Amplification & Expansion
Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)
Antisense & RNAi Therapy
End-use Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)
Pharmaceutical and Biopharmaceutical Companies
Disease Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)
Product Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)
Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2018 - 2030)
Middle East and Africa (MEA)
b. The global viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market size was estimated at USD 2.9 billion in 2021 and is expected to reach USD 3.8 billion in 2022.
b. The global viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market are expected to witness a compound annual growth rate of 14.71% from 2022 to 2030 to reach USD 11.2 billion by 2030.
b. Adenovirus is expected to witness a compound annual growth rate of 13.10% owing to the integration ability with large transgenes and easy production at high titers.
b. Novasep, Merck, Cobra Biologics, uniQure N.V., Waisman Biomanufacturing, Creative Biogene, The Cell and Gene Therapy Catapult, Aldevron, and Addgene are some key companies operating in the viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market.
b. The viral vectors and plasmid DNA manufacturing market report scope covers segmentation by vector type, workflow, application, end-use, disease, and region.
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Biopharmaceutical innovators are at the forefront of the human response to the coronavirus pandemic. A significant number of major biotech firms are in the midst of a race to investigate the Sars-Cov-2 genome and prepare a viable vaccine for the same. As compared to the speed of response to SARS/MERs etc, the biotech entities are investigating SARs-Cov-2 at an unprecedented rate and a considerable amount of funds are being put into the R&D. With multiple candidates in trial, the public and private sectors are anticipated to work in unison for the foreseeable period, until a vaccine is developed for COVID-19. The report will account for COVID-19 as a key market contributor.