GVR Report cover Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Type Of Synthesis (Biotech, Synthetic), By Type Of Manufacturer (Captive, Merchant), By Type, By Application, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2023 - 2030

  • Report ID: GVR-1-68038-348-5
  • Number of Pages: 191
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Range: 2019 - 2021
  • Industry: Healthcare

Report Overview

The global active pharmaceutical ingredients market size was valued at USD 222.4 billion in 2022 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.90% from 2023 to 2030. The growth can be attributed to the advancements in active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) manufacturing and the rising prevalence of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Favorable government policies for API production, along with changes in geopolitical situations, are boosting market growth. The API market is undergoing immense changes due to supply chain disruption by COVID-19. Countries such as India are being preferred over China for the export of API owing to geopolitical situations and the demand to reduce dependence on China for API products. Furthermore, governments of many countries have formulated plans and granted incentives to promote the production of API.

U.S. active pharmaceutical ingredients market size, by type of synthesis, 2020 - 2030 (USD Billion)

The COVID-19 pandemic had a positive impact on the global APIs market. The pharmaceutical industry was an epicenter in treating symptoms related to COVID-19, including high fever, cough, and cold. Due to the increased popularity of the pharma industry during the pandemic, the active pharmaceutical ingredients market also witnessed growth during the period. Following the World Health Organization's declaration of the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic, a diverse group of renowned pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies, as well as new startups, stepped forward to create therapies to combat the virus.

Scientists discovered a list of compounds that target COVID-19. Currently, there are approximately 155 compounds in clinical trials and 45 molecules in preclinical development to combat COVID-19. Four vaccines have been repurposed for treatment against COVID-19, including Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine, Lopinavir & Ritonavir, and Remdesivir. In March 2020, WHO started a worldwide trial of the four COVID-19 medicines. Increased investment and research and development in pharmaceutical products will propel the growth of the market further. However, the coronavirus outbreak has caused global business and economic disruption. It is expected to have a short-term impact on the active pharmaceutical ingredients industry in the first quarter of 2020.

The global geriatric population is rising. According to the UN, in 2018, the population aged 65 and above is anticipated to increase from 962 million in 2018 to 2.1 billion by 2050. Aging weakens the immune system and increases a patient’s susceptibility to acquiring infectious diseases. Moreover, impairment in body functions enhances the chances of getting other diseases, such as CVD and diabetes.

The requirement of high capital for the production of APIs is because the process needs extremely systematic protocols, which results in the outsourcing of various APIs. In addition, pharmaceutical companies benefit from API production outsourcing as it eradicates the need for expensive manufacturing unit installation and labor force. Thus, the need for cost savings boosts outsourcing. Strategic outsourcing by companies allows them to focus on core competencies, which results in increased productivity.

HPAPIs (highly potent active pharmaceutical ingredients) indicate a dramatic shift in how pharmaceutical companies use small molecules to offer new medicines. As a result of the change to HPAPIs, a pipeline of more effective drugs with lower doses has emerged. HPAPIs' advantages, including the requirement for a lower therapeutic dose, capacity to bind to specific receptors, and high efficiency, can be attributed to their rising demand among producers and customers. The API market has always been dominated by small molecules. API manufacturers are adopting HPAPIs to differentiate themselves from the competition as the generic API industry becomes increasingly competitive.

In addition, APIs are used as Antibody Drug Conjugates (ADCs). ADCs are important and effective treatment modalities used in combination with biologically active drugs and monoclonal antibodies for cancer. APIs effectively target cancer cells while causing minimum exposure of drugs to healthy tissues. Thus, the development of cancer-specific APIs is expected to boost the API market growth.

Type of Manufacturer Insights

The captive API segment accounted for the largest revenue share of 51.5% in 2022. It is anticipated to grow at a significant rate in the upcoming years owing to the easy availability of raw materials and extensive investments by major players to develop high-end manufacturing facilities. Furthermore, recent developments and initiatives by key players suggest that they are highly focused on in-house manufacturing over outsourcing. For instance, in November 2019, Novartis announced the acquisition of CellforCure-a France-based CDMO-for producing molecules in-house, which was earlier contracted to CellforCure. These initiatives undertaken by key players are anticipated to boost segment growth.

Major companies are looking to leverage their production capabilities in Asian countries in an attempt to provide APIs to other drugmakers. Apart from major players Government of India has also planned to provide impetus to domestic API manufacturing. For instance, in March 2020, the government of India announced a 9.4 billion package for the bulk drug industry, which will give a boost to domestic production and exports.

Top biopharmaceutical players are responsible for substantial growth in the outsourcing segment. Furthermore, the lower cost of manufacturing in countries such as India and China makes them a popular choice for players looking to outsource their API production. Outsourcing manufacturing to developing countries is a cost-effective measure that allows these companies to gain higher profits, thus accelerating segment growth.

Type Insights

Innovative APIs held the largest share of 47.07% in 2022. This growth is attributed to increasing R&D initiatives for novel drug development and favorable government regulations. As a result of extensive research in this field, several innovative products are now in development and are expected to launch in the forecast period. New entrants in this segment are expected to drive market growth.

A rise in demand for targeted therapies with high potency API compounds, such as HPAPI, is anticipated to increase the demand for personalized medicines. For instance, ADCs leverage the specificity of antibodies for cancer cells. These cells use linker technology to attach themselves to the antibody. These advanced features of ADCs are anticipated to drive the market, with most pharmaceutical companies pursuing such development programs.

Global active pharmaceutical ingredients market share, by type, 2022 (%)

The patent expiry of branded molecules is a key factor that can be attributed to the lucrative growth of generic API drugs. The generic drug market is anticipated to exhibit a high growth rate in countries such as Brazil and India, owing to high unmet clinical needs and acceptance of OTC drugs.

Application Insights

The cardiovascular diseases segment accounted for the largest revenue share of 21.54% in 2022. This is attributed to the increasing prevalence of target diseases worldwide. Various organizations such as the World Heart Federation, the World Stroke Organization, and the Stroke Association are working toward increasing awareness about cardiovascular diseases. Government initiatives such as the National Cholesterol Education Program are aimed at improving awareness related to lipid and cholesterol-related diseases. High prevalence and increasing awareness about cardiovascular diseases are anticipated to drive the segment during the forecast period, thus driving demand for APIs for cardiology drugs.

The oncology segment is anticipated to witness significant growth of 7.6% during the forecast period. Factors such as changing lifestyles and the growing prevalence of cancer are driving the market. The increasing adoption of a sedentary lifestyle is driving the prevalence of various metabolic disorders. Hormonal imbalance is a growing concern in most countries. These disorders include thyroid and sex hormone imbalance. Levothyroxine is a popular API used to treat hypothyroidism. Hormonal therapy is of various types: for postmenopausal women, for men on cancer treatment, and for children to enable proper growth. A rise in hormone-dependent aging problems is also expected to drive the market.

Other diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration are also growing in prevalence, impelling the demand for highly efficient and cost-effective medications. Diabetic retinopathy is expected to impact over 190 million people by 2030. This is expected to boost demand for both generic medications and APIs.

Type of Synthesis Insights

The synthetic API segment accounted for the largest revenue share of 72.6% in 2021. This is attributed to the higher availability of raw materials and easier protocols for the synthesis of these molecules. Many synthetic molecules are also expected to go off-patent in the coming years, which is anticipated to boost growth.

The biotech segment is anticipated to witness significant growth of 7.1% during the forecast period. This segment is driven by factors such as increasing demand for biopharmaceuticals and the higher efficiency of these molecules. Furthermore, the growth of the biotech segment can be attributed to high investments in the biotechnology and biopharmaceutical sectors. This allows the innovation of new molecules that aid in the treatment of diseases, such as cancer. The high revenue of biotech-related API makes the market highly profitable, attracting major players. For instance, Proleukin (aldesleukin) by Clinigen, Inc. is a biological therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

Recombinant proteins are extensively used in gene sequencing, especially to create antibody probes within cells. Thus, recombinant proteins find extensive applications in targeted therapies. These proteins play a crucial role in the development of novel treatments, such as cell therapy. Players are investing in protein manufacturing plants. For instance, in November 2019, Bio-Techne announced an investment of over USD 40 million to upgrade its protein manufacturing facility and meet cell therapy demands. However, there are a limited number of players in the field, leading to insufficient supply for current and future demands.

Regional Insights

North America accounted for the largest revenue share of 38.80% in 2022 and is expected to maintain its lead over the forecast period. It is due to the rising incidence of cancer and other lifestyle-induced diseases, which stimulates R&D, thereby boosting the market.

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Market Trends by Region

Asia Pacific is anticipated to exhibit the fastest CAGR of 7.1% during the forecast period. The presence of economies such as China and India that the world relies on for the production of APIs at a lower cost is an advantage for the region. Increasing healthcare expenditure in the region is anticipated to fuel the market growth.

Europe is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period. An increase in research funding and the local presence of key market players in this region is expected to drive the market. The number of biopharmaceutical companies is growing in Europe owing to increasing investments. For instance, in 2018, USD 20 billion was raised as an investment by the biopharma industry, which increased by 28% to USD 27.5 billion in 2019. Many key global players conduct their biopharmaceutical R&D in Europe.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

The market for active pharmaceutical ingredients operates with high complexity. A blockbuster drug patent expiration, increasing outsourcing activities due to high manufacturing costs, and stringent regulations on the production of APIs are expected to maintain the competitive rivalry at a high level during the forecast period.

Many key players are focusing on launching new products to maintain their position in the market. For instance, in August 2021, Teva Pharmaceutical and MEDinCell received approval from the U.S FDA for a new drug application to treat schizophrenia. Moreover, legal issues are slowing down the establishment of new API facilities. For instance, in 2020, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Eli Lilly and Company faced problems with the U.S. FDA for their API plants. The presence of prominent players in this market space significantly diminishes the opportunities for a new entry into the market, as it is difficult to match the high capital requirements. Some prominent players in the global active pharmaceutical ingredients market include:

  • Merck & Co., Inc.

  • AbbVie, Inc.

  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Company

  • Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH

  • Cipla, Inc.

  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

  • Albemarle Corporation

  • Viatris Inc.

  • Aurobindo Pharma

  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

  • Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd.

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Market Report Scope 

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2023

USD 237.47 billion

Revenue forecast in 2030

USD 352.98 billion

Growth Rate

CAGR of 5.90% from 2023 to 2030

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2019 - 2021

Forecast period

2023 - 2030

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD billion and CAGR from 2023 to 2030

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Type of synthesis, type of manufacturer, type, application, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Latin America; MEA

Country scope

U.S.; Canada; U.K.; Germany; France; Italy; Spain; Russia; Hungary, China; India; Japan; South Korea; Australia; Brazil; Argentina; Mexico; South Africa; UAE; Saudi Arabia

Key companies profiled

Merck & Co., Inc.; AbbVie, Inc.; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH; Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.; Cipla, Inc.; Albemarle Corporation; Viatris Inc.; Aurobindo Pharma; Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.; Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd.

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent to up to 8 analysts' working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope.

Pricing and purchase options

Avail of customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options

Global Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Market Segmentation

This report forecasts revenue growth at the global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends and opportunities in each of the sub-segments from 2018 to 2030. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global active pharmaceutical ingredients market report based on the type of synthesis, type of manufacturer, type, application, and region:

  • Type of Synthesis Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

    • Biotech

      • Biotech APIs Market, By Type (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

        • Generic APIs

        • Innovative APIs

      • Biotech APIs Market, By Product (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

        • Monoclonal Antibodies

        • Hormones

        • Cytokines

        • Recombinant Proteins

        • Therapeutic Enzymes

        • Vaccines

        • Blood Factors

    • Synthetic

      • Synthetic APIs Market, By Type (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

        • Generic APIs

        • Innovative APIs

  • Type of Manufacturer Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

    • Captive APIs

    • Merchant APIs

      • Merchant APIs Market, By Type (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

        • Generic APIs

        • Innovative APIs

      • Merchant APIs Market, By Type of Synthesis (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

        • Biotech

        • Synthetic

  • Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

    • Generic APIs

    • Innovative APIs

  • Type of Drug (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

    • Prescription Drugs

    • Over-the-counter Drugs

  • Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

    • Cardiovascular Diseases

    • Oncology

    • CNS and Neurology

    • Orthopedic

    • Endocrinology

    • Pulmonology

    • Gastroenterology

    • Nephrology

    • Ophthalmology

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2018 - 2030)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

    • Europe

      • U.K.

      • Germany

      • France

      • Italy

      • Spain

      • Russia

      • Hungary

    • Asia Pacific

      • Japan

      • China

      • India

      • South Korea

      • Australia

    • Latin America

      • Brazil

      • Mexico

      • Argentina

    • Middle East & Africa

      • South Africa

      • UAE

      • Saudi Arabia

      • Egypt

      • Israel

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