The global Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) market size was valued at USD 2.49 billion in 2018 and is projected to expand at a CAGR of 15.8% from 2019 to 2025. AGVs can deliver numerous benefits, particularly augmenting the efficiency of warehousing operations and logistics management processes. Deploying them for repetitive material handling tasks can also allow enterprises to save on labor costs and reassign staff on other essential tasks, such as enhancing customer satisfaction.
Automated guided vehicles can carry out material handling operations reliably and effectively. These vehicles are equipped with various accessories and devices, such as smart sensors and load protection devices, which can aid in improving efficiency and reducing product damages. AGVs can also be programmed using software tools to follow specific paths and undertake specific tasks as well as track movement of goods in material handling and supply chain operations, thereby augmenting the productivity and efficiency further.
Tasks such as material handling, pallet handling, and finished product handling tend to involve safety concerns. Some material handling and pallet handling operations, particularly those requiring workers to handle heavy and bulky goods, are often labor-intensive and involve safety hazards. Deploying automated guided vehicles on such tasks can help in avoiding any potential mishaps or accidents and ensuring safer operations.
Although high initial costs can be a major concern for those considering deployment of automated guided vehicles, these high initial costs can translate into a high return on investment (ROI) in the long term. For instance, deploying five AGVs in three shifts can lead to potential savings worth USD 1.56 million during five years of operation. Moreover, the ROI can be realized within 16 months.
Based on the component, the market has been segmented into hardware, software, and service. The hardware segment led the market in 2018, in terms of revenue, and is likely to continue the dominance in future. However, service is anticipated to be the fastest-growing segment registering a CAGR of 17.5% over the forecast period. This growth can be attributed to the rising demand for various services, which include preventive and corrective maintenance, vehicle and software health check, and training employees involved directly or indirectly with the operation of AGVs.
Based on battery type, the market has been segmented into lead, lithium-ion, nickel-based, and other batteries. While the lead battery segment generated the highest revenue in 2018, the lithium-ion battery segment is expected to witness the highest CAGR of 23.1% over the forecast period. Lead-acid batteries offer enhanced safety, reversibility, stable voltage, long service life, and are suitable for a wide range of applications. They also support the high-power charge and discharge. Moreover, lead-acid batteries are cheaper than lithium-ion batteries. All these factors will boost the segment growth in the years to come.
Based on vehicle type, the market has been segmented into tow vehicle, unit load carrier, pallet truck, forklift truck, hybrid vehicles, and others. The unit load carrier segment is anticipated to expand at the highest CAGR over the forecast period. The forklift truck segment is also anticipated to witness a noticeable growth. Forklifts that are operated manually have no built-in safety mechanism. Such forklifts rely on inputs given by their operators. Any errors in these inputs can lead to mishaps and accidents.
Forklift automated guided vehicles can reduce the potential of any such incidences. AGVs can also be deployed in working environments involving lower temperatures and exposure to hazardous chemicals, among others, which may not be safe for humans. Deployment of such equipment in chemical and pharmaceuticals industries can particularly help in reducing risks of contamination and extending shelf life of products.
Based on navigation technology, the market has been segmented into laser guidance, magnetic guidance, vision guidance, inductive guidance, natural navigation, and others. While the laser guidance segment generated the highest revenue in 2018, the vision guidance segment is expected to witness a noticeable CAGR of 21.6% over the forecast period. Need for efficient and intelligent routing is contributing to the rising adoption of automated guided vehicles.
Advances in computer vision and software solutions are allowing AGVs to better analyze the environment surrounding them in real time, thereby boosting its demand for operations in challenging environments. Camera-based vision complemented by LiDAR sensors and computer systems installed on AGVs can help in ensuring accurate navigation within production facilities and warehouses. These cameras are capable of obtaining information in real time, detecting obstacles, and analyzing infrastructure within facilities. Information provided by these cameras and LiDAR sensors can help in creating a 3D image of the operational area.
Based on application, the market has been segmented into logistics and warehousing, assembly, packaging, trailer loading and unloading, raw material handling, and others. The logistics and warehousing segment has been further segmented into transportation, distribution, cold storage, wholesale & distribution, and cross-docking. While the logistics and warehousing segment generated the highest revenue in 2018, the assembly segment is expected to witness the maximum CAGR of 19.2% over the forecast period. Enterprises upgrading their existing facilities and building new facilities are aggressively adopting new retrieval and automated storage systems and other material handling equipment as part of their efforts to save on labor costs and enhance efficiency and productivity.
Logistics and warehousing firms are trying to retain their competitiveness by opting for compact layouts, taller racks, and narrow aisles within their facilities. At the same time, they are also trying to boost the efficiency of their operations in line with rising demand for their services. These firms are deploying automated guided vehicles as they can maneuver accurately and efficiently through compact layouts and narrow aisles and also enhance reliability of the storage process and save on labor costs.
Based on end-use industry, the market has been segmented into manufacturing sector and wholesale & distribution sector. The manufacturing sector is sub-segmented into automotive, aerospace, electronics, chemical, pharmaceuticals, plastics, defense, FMCG, tissue, and others. While, the wholesale & distribution sector is sub-segmented into e-commerce, retail chains/conveyance stores, grocery stores, and hotels & restaurants.
Growing adoption of AGVs across various industries can be attributed to the benefits they offer in terms of productivity, safety, and accuracy. AGVs are equipped with laser heads, cameras, and other sensors, which help them in operating safely around structures, machinery, and employees. While operators are prone to making errors that can lead to accidents and mishaps, AGVs can help in improving accuracy of workflows, thereby reducing waste and augmenting productivity.
Aerospace and defense production facilities tend to be massive owing to the size of the components, such as nacelles, engine pods, fuselages, and wings, among others. However, the paths through which these components are moved within the facility tend to be narrow. Human errors while moving heavy components through these narrow paths could lead to mishaps and accidents. Aerospace and defense companies are deploying AGVs so that heavy components can be moved within the manufacturing facility on predefined routes and any such events stemming from human errors can be avoided.
Europe dominated the global market in 2018 and is projected to remain the dominating regional market over the forecast period. The market is primarily driven by increasing demand for material handling equipment and rapid adoption of automation solutions by incumbents in the manufacturing industry. The e-commerce industry has been growing considerably in emerging economies, such as China and India.
This is prompting several e-commerce companies to consider a foray in these regional markets. Competition in the e-commerce industry is intensifying subsequently and industry incumbents are trying to differentiate themselves by reducing the time taken for product delivery. Deploying AGVs in warehouses can help e-commerce companies in automating intralogistics tasks, such as sorting and picking, thereby augmenting efficiency.
The key industry participants in the market include Swisslog Holding Ltd.; Egemin Automation Inc.; Bastian Solutions, Inc.; Daifuku Co., Ltd.; Dematic Corp.; JBT Corporation; Seegrid Corporation; Toyota Industries Corporation; Hyster-Yale Group, Inc.; Balyo Inc.; EK Automation; Kollmorgen; KMH Systems, Inc.; Elettric80 SpA; Fetch Robotics, Inc.; inVia Robotics, Inc.; Locus Robotics; Schaefer Systems International, Inc.; System Logistics Spa; and Transbotics.
Increasing collaborations and mergers & acquisitions are expected to maximize the environmental and economic benefits for the market players by enabling them to share ideas and enhance their internal skills and technologies. For instance, in April 2018, Locus Robotics announced a partnership with E2 Solutions, Inc., a supply chain firm and IT consulting provider. The partnership was aimed at integrating the former company’s warehouse robotics solution with the latter’s HighJump Warehouse Management System (WMS). This integration is expected to help provide a complete end-to-end warehouse management solution to clients and partners jointly.
Base year for estimation
Actual estimates/Historical data
2014 - 2017
2019 - 2025
Revenue in USD Million and CAGR from 2019 to 2025
North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, and MEA
U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, China, Japan, India, Australia, South Korea, and Brazil
Revenue forecast, company share, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends
15% free customization scope (equivalent to 5 analysts working days)
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This report provides forecasts revenue and volume growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) market report based on type, navigation technology, applciation, end-use industry, and region:
Vehicle Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Unit Load Carrier
Navigation Technology Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Heat Map for Choosing Navigation
Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Logistics and Warehousing
Wholesale & Distribution
Trailer Loading and Unloading
Raw Material Handling
End-Use Industry Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Wholesale and Distribution Sector
Retail Chains/Conveyance Stores
Hotels and Restaurants
Component Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Battery Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2014 - 2025)
Middle East and Africa (MEA)
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