GVR Report cover Biodegradable Cutlery Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Biodegradable Cutlery Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Raw Material (Wood, Husk, Paper, Plastic), By Region (North America, Europe, APAC, CSA, MEA), And Segment Forecasts, 2019 - 2025

  • Published Date: Jun, 2019
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2018
  • Report ID: GVR-2-68038-912-8
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2015 - 2017
  • Number of Pages: 110

Industry Insights

The global biodegradable cutlery market size was valued at USD 33.9 million in 2018 and is anticipated to witness significant growth in the coming years. Increasing awareness regarding harmful effects associated with non-biodegradable plastic wastes is a key factor likely to drive the market in the forecast period.

In addition, stringent regulations and policies are framed by the government of several nations in order to ban the non-biodegradable plastic. Favorable government initiatives, coupled with increasing consumer awareness regarding ill effects of non-biodegradable plastic, are anticipated to boost the demand for biodegradable tableware.

U.S. biodegradable cutlery market

Rising concerns towards adverse effects associated with the decomposing characteristics of cutlery items manufactured from synthetically derived plastics is expected to force the kitchen utensil manufacturers to deploy disposable materials including wood, bagasse, husk, and coconut coir. Furthermore, these disposable cutlery raw materials particularly, bagasse have the ability to decompose within 90 days as compared to the conventionally used, plastics which takes more than 500 years.

Compostable cutleries and tableware are considered to be the best alternatives to non-biodegradable plastics. Rising awareness regarding adverse effects of non-biodegradable plastic, including severe consequences on aquatic animals, is one of the major factors for the growth of market. For instance, according to the data provided by the United Nations, more than 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into the ocean every year globally. Another global report suggests that there may be more than 5.3 trillion micro and macro plastic pieces present in the ocean. These adverse effects promote the usage of biodegradable materials.

Rising demand for eco-friendly, safe, and sustainable cutlery owing to increasing number of restaurants, fast food joints, and cafeterias is fueling the demand for biodegradable plates and cups. Environment friendly cutleries are a feasible alternative that offers the convenience of disposable plates, cups, and spoon in picnics, parties, and other occasions. Moreover, they do not have any negative impact on the environment.

Costs associated with biodegradable plate, cup, spoon, and fork are higher as compared to the traditional disposables cutleries, thereby hampering the market growth. Moreover, in spite of several environmental advantages, some of the biodegradable plastics release greenhouse gases during the decomposition process, which, in turn, may affect the environment to some extent. These factors are the major hurdles to the market growth of biodegradable cutlery.

Raw Material Insights

The market is segmented into wood, husk, paper, plastic, and others based on raw material. The plastic segment held the largest market share in 2018. Paper is anticipated to emerge as the fastest growing segment, expanding at a CAGR of 6.3% over the forecast period.

Many companies are carrying out extensive R&D to make biodegradable utensils at an affordable cost. For instance, in March 2019, Green Science Alliance, a chemical company, invented a natural biomass made up of paper, waste woods, plants, and scrap trees. The material is fully biodegradable and recyclable owing to its natural ingredients. This innovative material will fuel the compostable cutlery market growth and will present opportunities for the market.

Government sectors as well as private players are making high R&D investments to develop affordable biodegradable cutlery. Some of the new entrants in the market are coming up with innovative options such as edible cutlery. For instance, in April 2015, Bakeys Foods Private Limited, an Indian edible cutlery manufacturing startup company, launched edible tableware including forks, spoons, and bowls in order to reduce plastic waste. Such innovations boost the demand as well as increase the awareness regarding biodegradable utensils.

Regional Insights

Europe was the largest regional market, accounting for 36.3% share of the overall revenue in 2018. Many startup companies as well as major manufacturers of biodegradable utensils are focusing on new product development and innovation in raw material.

For instance, leaf republic Gmbh, a German based Startup Company, introduced an entire set of leaf tableware. These products are manufactured from leaves and leaf-made paper with no synthetic additives, coloring, and any type of glue. These products are biodegradable within 28 days after use. Such innovative product launches are anticipated to fuel the market growth over the forecast period.

Global biodegradable cutlery market

Asia Pacific is a major regional market owing to increasing number of restaurants and food joints as well as stringent regulations on plastic ban by the governments of various countries such as China, India, and Australia. Furthermore, China, Japan, and some eastern countries have a tradition of using wooden cutlery such as chopsticks. This tradition increases the scope of the biodegradable utensils in the region.

Startup companies are launching new innovative products in order to gain a competitive edge in the market. For instance, in September 2017, Yash Papers Ltd., an Indian startup company, has launched a full range of biodegradable and eco-friendly tableware. The company is promoting the use of eco-friendly products in the food industry as a best alternative to plastics. This will provide a boost to the demand for the compostable cutlery in the region.

Biodegradable Cutlery Market Share Insights

Manufacturers are taking up several strategic initiatives including technological innovation, extensive R&D for the innovation in raw material, and new product launch. For instance, in February 2019, Huhtamäki Oyj launched eco-friendly and biodegradable high-quality paper straws. The straws material is natural fiber originated from the paper waste. The straws are certified for food safety in U.S., Europe, and China. Key manufacturers in the industry include Huhtamäki Oyj, Biotrem, BIOPAK, BETTER EARTH LLC, Vegware, Pactiv LLC, Eco Guardian, Genpak, LLC, Bionatic GmbH & Co. KG, and GreenGood USA.

Major producers are expanding their geographical reach, especially in developed countries, in order to gain maximum technology penetration and expand their customer reach. Establishment of R&D centers, coupled with strategic partnerships with investment companies in order to launch new innovative technologies as per customer demand in the region, remains a critical success factor over the next few years. Taking into account all the above factors, producers are likely to focus on technology innovation catering particularly developing countries and untapped markets to gain maximum market share.

Report Scope



Base year for estimation


Actual estimates/Historical data

2015 - 2017

Forecast period

2019 - 2025

Market representation

Revenue in USD Million & CAGR from 2019 to 2025

Regional scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Central & South America, and Middle East & Africa

Report coverage      

U.S., U.K., Germany, China, Japan, India, and Brazil

Country scope

Revenue forecast, company share, competitive landscape, growth factors and trends

15% free customization scope (equivalent to 5 analyst working days)

If you need specific information, which is not currently within the scope of the report, we will provide it to you as a part of customization

Segments Covered in the Report:

This report forecasts revenue growth at the global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2015 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global biodegradable cutlery market report on the basis of raw material and region:

  • Raw Material Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2015 - 2025)

    • Wood

    • Husk

    • Paper

    • Plastic

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2015 - 2025)

    • North America

      • U.S.

    • Europe

      • U.K.

      • Germany

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • Japan

      • India

    • Central & South America

      • Brazil

    • Middle East & Africa

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