GVR Report cover Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Crop Type (Fruits & Vegetables, Grains & Oilseeds, Flowers & Plants), By Raw Material (TPS, PLA, PHA, AAC), And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2024

  • Report ID: 978-1-68038-855-8
  • Number of Pages: 130
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)

Report Overview

The global biodegradable mulch film market size was valued at USD 44.65 million in 2019 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.5% from 2020 to 2024. Increasing demand for greenhouse applications coupled with rising environmental concerns about synthetic counterparts is anticipated to impel the market growth over the next eight years. The growing population coupled with a shrinking agricultural land owing to rapid urbanization and industrialization has forced farmers to increase productivity.

Various advantages offered by these films, such as lower environmental impact, enhancing crop yield by inhibiting weed growth, and maintaining soil moisture levels and temperature, are expected to drive their demand over the forecast period. Favorable government regulations regarding the usage of eco-friendly products, especially in Europe and North America regions, are anticipated to have a positive impact on the market growth in the near future.

U.S. Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Size

Rising concerns regarding plastic mulch residues in soil are also expected to increase product penetration over the next eight years. Biodegradable films can provide benefits of plastic mulch and eliminate the need for removal and disposal while alleviating the negative environmental impact. Biodegradable mulch films are manufactured from these raw materials using conventional plastics processing technology.

The raw materials are converted into lactic acid by microorganisms through fermentation. On the other hand, some of these raw materials have poor mechanical properties, such as brittleness. Once the raw materials are converted into lactic acid, they are linked together into long chains called biopolymers.

Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Trends

Increasing demand and need for food crops owing to the rise in global population. Depleting arable and agricultural land in developed economies is a major challenge for the global agriculture industry. These biodegradable films offer a limited solution to this fast-developing problem by increasing crop yield and hence help in catering to major issues including water conservation, soil pollution, and climatic change.

There has been a rapid rise in the global population, and this trend is expected to continue over the forecast period. Major countries across the globe have seen a tremendous increase in population. This scenario has been straining the primary resources, mainly including food. There has also been an increase in per capita consumption of food owing to the growth in population.

Unlike conventional mulch films, biodegradable mulch films do not have to be removed from the soil after their usage. After the crop cycle, these films can be buried in the soil due to their biodegradation properties, thus ensuring the absence of toxic effects and plastic accumulation. The global scientific community defines materials reaching 90% degradation are completely biodegradable materials.

Biodegradable mulch films complying with the regulations, restrictions, and requirements of USDA Organic Regulations and Policy Memo 15 – 1 in the NOP Program Handbook are used by cultivators in the U.S. The usage is aimed at reducing weed growth, soil temperature moderation, and soil moisture conservation. Also, biodegradable mulch films are added to the National List 205.601(b)(2)(iii), thus permitting its usage in organic production. Such trends are expected to benefit market growth over the next eight years.

Polyethylene (PE) is the most widely used polymer for manufacturing biodegradable mulch films. PE is non-degradable plastic, which adversely influences the environment and soil quality. PE products account for about 20% to 40% of U.S. landfills. The raw material used in the production of these specialty films is derived from crude oil and releases a high amount of toxic gasses in the environment, both during production and use.

Due to the plastic content in the film, there have been instances of these mulch films breaking up unevenly at different places. This uneven degradation resulted in plastic accumulation in the fields, thus affecting soil quality. The accumulated plastics have a direct impact on crop quality. Such factors are also expected to restrain market growth over the forecast period.

Raw Material Insights

Thermoplastic Starch (TPS) was the leading raw material segment in 2015 and is anticipated to witness the fastest CAGR of 7.7% from 2016 to 2024. High demand can be attributed to the low cost and easy availability of starch. Thermoplastic starch degrades into harmless products when it is placed in soil. Rising environmental concerns regarding conventional synthetic polymers used in product manufacturing have boosted the demand for biodegradable materials made from renewable resources.

Starch is used to prepare TPS, which flows at elevated pressure and temperature. Biofilms manufactured from starch blended with Polylactic Acid (PLA) are expected to witness high growth at a CAGR of 7.6% from 2016 to 2024. The development of a truly degradable mulching film is expected to reduce disposal and labor costs for agricultural producers. The PLA/starch polymeric blend utilizes 99% bio-based materials and is anticipated to replace petroleum-derived Polyethylene (PE) films over the forecast period.

Crop Type Insights

Fruits & vegetables were the major crop type segment and accounted for 51.05% of the global demand in 2015. This segment is anticipated to witness the fastest CAGR of 7.8% from 2016 to 2024. This can be attributed to the ease of application owing to the perennial nature of crops.

Global Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Share

Biodegradable mulch films reduce fruit rot by preventing contact between fruit & soil and improve the product quality. Biofilms demand for grain and oil seeds is anticipated to witness steady growth over the next few years and is expected to reach USD 20.3 million by 2024. Increasing grain and oilseed production, particularly in the Asia Pacific region, is anticipated to boost demand for biofilms.

Regional Insights

The Asia Pacific dominated the global biodegradable mulch film market and accounted for 64.1% of the total demand. Growing production of grain and oilseed, particularly in the Asia Pacific region, is anticipated to propel the demand for biofilms over the next eight years.

Almost all major countries in the Asia Pacific region such as China, are expected to witness a significant increase in population. This factor is expected to put pressure on food production, thus forcing cultivators to opt for efficient methods of food production. The biodegradable mulch films market is bound to benefit from this trend as these films provide effective crop protection, increased yield, and enhanced production cycles.

Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Trends by Region

Government policies favoring environmentally friendly products, particularly in North America, are expected to boost the market growth in the near future. Mulch films that are currently available in the market are not entirely bio-based and contain over 10% synthetic ingredients. Owing to the aforementioned factors, the biodegradable mulch films that are currently available are not allowed in certified organic systems in the U.S.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

Major companies in the market include AEP Industries, Inc.; Ab Rani PlastOy.; Al-Pack Enterprises Ltd.; RKW SE; BASF SE; BioBag International AS; British Polythene Industries PLC; Novamont S.p.A.; Armando Alvarez; and Kingfa Sci & Tech Co. Ltd.

Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Report Scope

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2020

USD 48.09 million

Revenue forecast in 2024

USD 64.35 million

Growth rate

CAGR of 7.5% from 2020 to 2024

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2015 - 2018

Forecast period

2020 - 2024

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2020 to 2024

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments covered

Raw material, crop type, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Central & South America; MEA

Key companies profiled

BASF; Kingfa Sci & Tech Co Ltd; BioBag International AS; AEP Industries Inc.; RKW SE; British Polythene Industries PLC; Armando Alvarez; Al-Pack Enterprises Ltd.; Novamont; AB Rani Plast OY

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent to up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional, and segment scope.

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Global Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Segmentation

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2015 to 2024. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global biodegradable mulch film market report based on raw material, crop type, and region.

Global Biodegradable Mulch Film Market Segmentation

  • Raw Material Outlook (Revenue, USD Thousand, 2014 - 2024)

    • Thermoplastic starch (TPS)

    • Starch blended with polylactic acid (PLA)

    • Starch blended with polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)

    • Aliphatic-aromatic copolyesters (AAC)

    • Others

  • Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Thousand, 2014 - 2024)

    • Fruits & vegetables

    • Grains & oilseeds

    • Flowers & plants

  • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Thousand, 2014 - 2024)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • U.K.

      • France

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

    • Central & South America

      • Brazil

      • Argentina

    • Middle East & Africa

      • South Africa

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