GVR Report cover Cold Storage Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Cold Storage Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Construction Type (Bulk Storage, Production Stores), By Temperature Type (Chilled, Frozen), By Application, By Warehouse Type, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2023 - 2030

  • Report ID: GVR-2-68038-225-9
  • Number of Pages: 100
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Range: 2017 - 2021
  • Industry: Technology

Report Overview

The global cold storage market size was valued at USD 138.97 billion in 2022 and is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.2% from 2023 to 2030. The market has benefitted significantly from the stringent regulations governing the production and supply of temperature-sensitive products. The industry is poised for unprecedented growth over the forecast period on account of growing organized retail sectors in the emerging economies. Moreover, rising automation in refrigerated warehouses is projected to boost the demand further.

North America cold storage market size, by construction type, 2020 - 2030 (USD Billion)

Warehouse automation includes cloud technology, robots, conveyor belts, truck loading automation, and energy management. Refrigerated storage has become an integral part of Supply Chain Management (SCM) when it comes to transporting and storing temperature-sensitive products.

In addition, the growing trade of perishable products is also anticipated to help boost the demand for refrigerated storage solutions over the next few years. Users and suppliers of temperature-controlled packaging systems are striving to reduce the environmental impact of cold chain shipping. At the same time, raising awareness about formal Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policies, stringent government regulations, and changing customer expectations also pose major challenges to the development of a suitable packaging system.

The lack of infrastructure required to sustain the cold chain is likely to pose a major challenge for the companies to expand their businesses in emerging markets. In addition, the lack of power hook-ups for reefer trailers at transportation hubs and ports will hinder the market growth in such regions. However, this also opens growth avenues for industry participants to innovate unique solutions or leverage alternative energy sources that can overcome such issues.

The COVID-19 pandemic that originated in China became a severe issue worldwide in a brief time. The coronavirus's epicenter was shifted from China to Europe and then to the U.S., making the country the worst-hit region globally. COVID-19 led to lockdown and travel restrictions in many parts of the world, impacting various businesses' supply chains. The market has been affected to a significant extent due to the effects of COVID-19. The market between 2019 and 2020 witnessed a fall in year-on-year growth compared to that between 2018 and 2019.

COVID-19 Impact Analysis

The insufficient strategies to tackle the coronavirus spread across the globe have resulted in an increased impact of the pandemic on several industries and cold storage is no exception. With the lockdowns in place, the online buying channels saw a sudden boost in demand. The combined effect of lockdowns along with the fear of getting infected urged people to change their purchasing patterns and shift to online buying channels for purchasing products, including medicines, groceries, and other food items. 

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security, in March 2020, classified cold storage facilities under the essential infrastructure category, thereby enabling continuous operations through the ongoing Covid-19 spread. As such, the demand for e-commerce services rose, especially from the retail sector. Although the economy is getting back to normalcy, people are still inclined towards online purchasing. An increase in online purchasing for food items will require more cold storage space thereby boosting the cold storage market. 

The e-commerce companies are also increasing their efforts to develop strategies for capturing the market demand by leveraging upon the increased online purchasing habits of the people. These market players are focusing on reducing order fulfillment time, especially for groceries. For instance, in October 2019, Amazon, Inc. announced that the company is setting up its strategy to provide Amazon Prime members with free 2-hour delivery for groceries. Evolving consumer behavior and increased preference for online channels will boost market growth over the forecast period. 

Further, the pharmaceutical industry is also highly impacted by the spread of the novel coronavirus. Though medical supplies fall under the essential category and were largely immune from the impact of the lockdown, the government guidelines to ensure sufficient supplies across the nation have also escalated the requirement for robust temperature-controlled facilities to ensure timely and effective supply. Additionally, the increasing trend toward the consumption of processed food products is also a key factor driving the market for cold storage globally.

Warehouse Type Insights

The public warehouse segment led the market and accounted for more than 63% share of the global revenue in 2022. Based on the warehouse-type, the cold storage market has been segmented into private & semi-private, and public. According to the Global Cold Chain Alliance, the public warehouse capacity accounts for around 75% of the gross refrigerated storage capacity in the U.S. A public warehouse is operated as an independent business that offers various services, such as handling, storage, and transportation for a fixed or variable fee.

Public warehouses are also known as duty-paid warehouses that can be owned by an individual or agency. Private warehouses can also be called proprietary warehouses. They are constructed and owned by the same enterprise that owns the merchandise stored and handled at the facility. They can be operated as a separate division within an enterprise. They offer greater control over cost, flexibility, and the ability to make decisions regarding the overall activities and priorities of the facility.

However, given the massive costs associated with the construction and maintenance of warehouses, only big companies can afford to own and maintain their warehouses. Private warehousing can be done either on an off-site basis or on-site basis. An on-site warehouse is located either at a centralized location or at different manufacturing facilities. On the other hand, an off-site warehouse is located close to the marketing areas and is used to store on-site inventory.

Construction Type Insights

The production stores segment led the market and accounted for more than 52% share of the global revenue in 2022. Single-envelope construction technology, which is a recent development in composite panel construction, is expected to replace the existing methods of constructing warehouses. The new technology can help reduce overall construction time and costs of building material, operation, and maintenance while also ensuring enough flexibility for changing the use in the future. A warehouse built using single-envelope technology boasts a smaller footprint and lesser height without compromising the internal volume.

The technology also offers flexibility in placing the Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) equipment. The technology is gaining traction in the U.K. refrigerated warehouse market. ISD Solutions, a U.K.-based refrigerated storage design, and construction company have adopted this technology to improve its frozen food warehouses. Based on the construction type, the market has been segmented into bulk storage, production stores, and ports.

The production stores segment led the market, in terms of revenue in 2022 and is expected to witness highest growth of 18.6% in the forecasted period. This type of warehouse is suitable for storing fruits and vegetables in bulk and can be used to extend the availability of the other bulk materials, such as flour, cooking ingredients, and canned goods, protecting them from spoilage and keeping them away from direct sunlight.

The ports segment is also likely to witness significant growth. Constructing refrigerated warehouses near ports can help simplify the customs procedures required for the import and export of temperature-sensitive products. Government initiatives to develop infrastructure for intermodal transportation in emerging economies, such as India and China, are likely to drive the segment growth.

Temperature Type Insights

Based on the temperature type, the market has been segmented into chilled and frozen. The frozen segment led the market and accounted for about 77.3% share of the global revenue in 2022. Rising consumption of frozen foods in emerging markets, such as India and China, is particularly driving the frozen food segment. Warehouses falling under this segment maintain their storage temperature in the range from -10 to -20°F. They are used to store frozen vegetables, fruit, fish, meat, seafood, and other products.

Warehouses falling under the chilled segment are used to store fresh fruits & vegetables, eggs, dry fruits, milk, and dehydrated foods, among others. Changing consumer preferences toward ready-to-cook meals due to the rising awareness about convenience and hygiene will boost the frozen segment growth. Moreover, consumers prefer frozen food owing to the ease of use, terms of packing technique, and support for microwave cooking. This is also likely to play a key role in segment development.

The proliferation of organized retail chains, including hypermarkets and supermarkets, is also triggering the demand for such products in emerging economies.  However, the lack of refrigeration facilities in retail stores, the presence of several unorganized industry incumbents, and inadequate distribution facilities to serve the rural areas pose major challenges to the frozen food market in these economies.

Application Insights

The seafood segment led the market and accounted for about 36.6% share of the global revenue in 2022. Based on the application, the industry has been segmented into processed food, dairy, fruits & vegetables, fish, meat, & seafood, and pharmaceuticals. Continued advancements in the packaging of seafood are expected to influence the meat, fish, & seafood segment.

Global cold storage market revenue share, by application, 2022 (%)

Refrigerated warehouses remain vital for safeguarding food items, such as milk and dairy products, against spoilage. Hence, principles governing the deterioration of food substances due to bacterial growth need to be adhered to while storing dairy products in refrigerated warehouses. The pharmaceutical segment is also projected to witness significant growth over the forecast period.

Regional Insights

The North America regional segment led the market and accounted for more than 36.6% share of the global revenue in 2022. The proliferation of connected devices coupled with the presence of a large consumer base is a major factor propelling the region’s growth. Mexico, in particular, is expected to witness exponential growth in North America owing to the strengthening of the network of warehouses and rising investments in the development of the logistics infrastructure. These would also serve as the key factors stimulating the demand for the cold chain.

Cold Storage Market Trends by Region

Furthermore, economic growth and changes in government regulations in Mexico aimed at streamlining the customs program are expected to accelerate the demand over the coming years. Countries, such as China, are transitioning to a consumer-driven economy. Thus, they are expected to witness considerable growth in the years to come. Advances in warehouse management and refrigerated transportation, coupled with government subsidies to develop the cold chain industry, are allowing service providers to tap these emerging markets, leveraging innovative solutions that can overcome complexities associated with transportation.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

Companies are focusing on expanding their business across different regions to cater to consumer demand. The companies are targeting emerging markets to expand their customer base through acquisitions. Applying this expansion strategy, companies like Americold Logistics LLC acquired Hall’s Warehouse Corp to expand its warehouse facilities in New Jersey. This acquisition resulted in the addition of 58 million cubic feet of storage space and 2,00,000 pallet positions capable of serving 220 customers.

Furthermore, with the acquisition of Agro Merchants Group, the fourth largest cold storage operator globally and third-largest in Europe, Americold Logistics LLC envisages expanding its operations in Europe, South America, the U.S., and Australia with 46 warehouses serving 2,900 customers. Some of the major companies in the global cold storage market include:

  • Cloverleaf Cold Storage (U.S.)

  • Agro Merchants Group (U.S.)

  • Burris Logistics (U.S.)

  • Americold Logistics LLC (U.S.)

  • Wabash National Corporation (U.S.).

Cold Storage Market Report Scope

Report Attribute


Market size value in 2023

USD 159.70 billion

Revenue forecast in 2030

USD 485.32 billion

Growth Rate

CAGR of 17.2% from 2023 to 2030

Base year for estimation


Historical data

2017 - 2021

Forecast period

2023 - 2030

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD billion and CAGR from 2023 to 2030

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends

Segments Covered

Warehouse type, construction type, temperature type, application, region

Regional scope

North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; South America; MEA

Country scope

U.S.; Canada; Mexico; U.K.; Germany; France; Spain; Netherlands; Japan; China; India; Australia; Singapore; Brazil; Saudi Arabia; UAE

Key companies profiled

Americold Logistics, LLC; Burris Logistics; Barloworld Limited; Cloverleaf Cold Storage; Henningsen Cold Storage; Swire Group; Wabash National Corporation

Customization scope

Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope.

Pricing and purchase options

Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options


Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts revenue growth at the global, regional, and country levels, and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends and opportunities in each of the sub-segments from 2017 to 2030. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global cold storage market report based on warehouse type, temperature type, construction type, application, and region:

  • Warehouse Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2017 - 2030)

    • Private & Semi-private

    • Public

  • Construction Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2017 - 2030)

    • Bulk Storage

    • Production Stores

    • Ports

  • Temperature Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2017 - 2030)

    • Chilled

    • Frozen

  • Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2017 - 2030)

    • Fruits & Vegetables

    • Dairy

    • Fish, Meat & Seafood

    • Processed Food

    • Pharmaceuticals

  • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2017 - 2030)

    • North America

      • U.S.

      • Canada

      • Mexico

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • U.K.

      • France

      • Spain

      • Netherlands

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

      • Singapore

      • Australia

    • South America

      • Brazil

    • Middle East & Africa (MEA)

      • Saudi Arabia

      • UAE

Frequently Asked Questions About This Report

gvr icn


gvr icn

This FREE sample includes market data points, ranging from trend analyses to market estimates & forecasts. See for yourself.

gvr icn


We can customize every report - free of charge - including purchasing stand-alone sections or country-level reports, as well as offer affordable discounts for start-ups & universities.

Contact us now to get our best pricing.

esomar icon

ESOMAR certified & member

D&B icon

Leading SME award by D&B

We are GDPR and CCPA compliant! Your transaction & personal information is safe and secure. For more details, please read our privacy policy.

great place to work icon