The global flock adhesives market is expected to grow over the forecast period owing to the increase in the demand for luxurious products and coated fabrics with superior aesthetics. The growing adoption of these adhesives in the manufacturing of garments, automobiles, furniture, thermal insulation, and various mechanical tools is expected to open new avenues for industry growth.
Flock adhesives are derived from a flocking process which involves the deposition of small fiber particles (called flocks) on to a surface of the required material. The process comprises the spreading of small monofilament fibers, primarily nylon, openly on to a substrate which is beforehand coated with an adhesive. Various substrates that can be flocked include textile, fabric, woven fabric, automotive plastics, wood, and paper.
The ability of flock adhesives to offer resistance to solvent along with superior washability and flexibility are the reasons adding to the growth of the market. In the textile industry, flocking adhesives improve the feel of the garment by enhancing the smoothness of the fabric. Thus, increasing demand for garments providing vibrant and colorful appearances is anticipated to propel the growth of the market.
In the automotive industry, it helps in noise reduction between components and also provides thermal insulation by forming a seal around automotive windows. They also provide lamination, bonding between two components, thus helping in reducing the vehicle weight which further improves fuel efficiency. Moreover, it equalizes tolerances between two objects and provides a better grip on the mechanical tool surfaces. They also offer exceptional spray properties and decent adhesion, without compromising OEM scrape and climatic test standards globally. Thus increasing the adoption of these products in automotive applications is expected to help the industry grow over the projected period.
Flocking adhesives used in the automobile industry can be water-based or solvent-based. Solvent-based adhesives are found to have better adhesion properties as compared to its counterpart. However, they are considered as non-ecofriendly as they can harm the workers as well as the environment. Application of these adhesives can also increase the overall costing of the manufacturing process as they can’t be disposed of with normal residual wastewater. On the other hand, water-based adhesives are expected to gain higher growth owing to their environmentally friendly properties.
Based on resin type, the flock adhesives market is segmented into acrylics resin, polyurethane, and epoxy resin. The type of resin is characterized by the desired traits such as solvent resistance, rigidity or flexibility, flame retardant, washable, or pigmented. Acrylic flock adhesives are expected to draw major share in the market owing to their excellent thermal and chemical resistance as compared to their counterparts. However, the polyurethane segment is expected to witness high growth owing to its increasing adoption in the application industries.
Based on application, the market is segmented into textiles, printing, automotive, paints and coating, and paper & packaging. The automotive industry is likely to draw a substantial share owing to increasing adoption to reduce the overall car weight. In the textile industry, the product can be used across various applications including fabrics, jackets, shirts, and t-shirts, which is expected to have a positive impact on industry growth.
Asia-pacific is expected to witness the fastest growth owing to growth in the automotive and textile industry. An increase in the concentration of the packaging industry in countries like China, Taiwan, and India on account of the rapid growth of the e-commerce sector is anticipated to increase the growth of the flock adhesives market. Furthermore, increasing investments by the international manufacturing companies in the Asia Pacific to get benefited from the rising local demand, low labor cost and easy raw material availability is expected to open new avenues for the industry growth.
Some of the key players in the market are, BASF SE, Dow Chemicals, Henkel, Sika AG, Schuster Beflockung, Lord Corporation, Stahl Holdings B.V, H.B. Fuller Company, CHT, Kissel + Wolf, and Uras Tekstil.
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