Textile Flame Retardants Market Size, Share & Trends Report

Textile Flame Retardants Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Product, By Application, By Type, By End Use, By Technology, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2027

  • Published Date: Jun, 2020
  • Base Year for Estimate: 2019
  • Report ID: GVR-4-68038-485-7
  • Format: Electronic (PDF)
  • Historical Data: 2016 - 2018
  • Number of Pages: 158

Report Overview

The global textile flame retardants market size was valued at USD 504.6 million in 2019 and is projected to register a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.9% from 2020 to 2027. The market is driven by the increasing demand for fire retardant fabrics from various end-use industries, such as defense, transportation, and industrial manufacturing. Growing awareness among consumers regarding crucial escape time during fire incidents, effectiveness of flame retardants, and their advantages are expected to drive the product demand further. Upsurge in the demand for viscose/cellulosic and nylon-blended fibers have driven the growth of the textile industry in the recent past. With growing application scope of such fibers and rising preference for products with fire resisting properties is expected to drive the market.

U.S. textile flame retardants market size

Textiles play an important role in everyday life, but they come with a drawback of a potential danger due to their flammability. Most of the fire incidences occurring in houses involve bedding mattresses and clothes. The ease of flammability of textiles has led to the development of textile flame retardants, i.e., additives that can efficiently suppress/delay the flame spread rate or reduce the rate of combustion of textiles.

Fire safety is a major concern for governments across the world. Flame retardants are added to such fabrics to meet the necessary fire safety standards and withstand relevant fire tests. Flame retardants restrict the spread of fire by extending the escape time due to their flame-retarding properties. Several technical fire safety standards developed by various governments exist across Europe. The U.K. has the highest level of fire safety standards in the world. Consequently, the country has successfully reduced the number of fire deaths by over two-thirds in the past 25 years.

The market is inclining towards the development of alternatives to chemical-based products; thus, wool and organic fabrics with inherent flame retarding properties have gained significant attraction, a factor which is likely to restrain the market growth in the near future. Furthermore, the spread of COVID-19 across the geographies has led to the supply chain disruptions, trade halts, and industrial shutdowns along with the halt in sales of non-essentials. This is expected to decline the market growth in 2020. However, the decline is likely to stop once the economies and industries resume their operations after lockdowns.

Product Insights

Brominated (halogenated) product segment accounted for the largest revenue share of more than 41% in 2019. The segment is projected to retain the dominant position throughout the forecast period. Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs) are produced in high volumes owing to their extensive usage in various end-use applications. Abundant availability of raw materials along with increasing demand for these products is expected to drive the demand for halogenated flame retardants over the forecast period, especially in ASEAN countries.

However, halogenated textile flame retardants, such as brominated ones have been reported to be highly toxic and are also linked with human diseases, such as reduced fertility, advanced puberty, low IQ, delayed mental & physical development, memory & learning problems, and thyroid disruption. Some flame retardants can result in fatal diseases, such as cancer. Consequently, many products are getting banned by governments across geographies. Aluminum Hydroxide-based (non-halogenated) product segment is expected to witness the fastest growth between 2020 and 2027.

Application Insights

The polyester application held the largest revenue share of 39.5% in 2019 and is anticipated to maintain its dominance over the forecast period. Polyester can be used for the finishing of flame retardants on textile fibers as polyester cannot ignite easily. However, once the fabric is ignited, it melts and can potentially cause severe burns. Further, the inherent non-flammability offered by polyester coupled with its easy availability is expected to drive the product demand in this segment.

Cotton, which is expected to be the second-largest application of the market. Cotton is one of the prominent fabrics used in household textiles owing to its physical properties, such as absorbency, breathability, and exceptional softness. However, cotton textiles are more combustible compared to their synthetic counterparts. This necessitates the application of flame retardants on cotton fabrics, thereby, offering potential growth opportunities for the overall market.

Global textile flame retardants market share

Polyurethane (PU) is likely to witness the fastest growth over the forecast period. It is an essential polymer used in several applications, such as textile coatings, fibers, and foams. Polyurethane dispersions are predominantly used in textile coatings for further application in medical, sports, fashion articles, clothing, general protective equipment, and technical articles. The rising demand for these types of textile fibers from several end-use industries is expected to fuel market growth.

Type Insights

Durable type segment held the largest revenue share of 54.8% in 2019 and is expected to continue its dominance over the forecast period. As specified in ISO 10528, durable flame retardants are resistant to multiple machine washes. Durable flame retardants are preferred in several end-use applications as they sustain around 50-100 washing cycles.

Semi-durable products that are predominantly utilized for curtains, carpets, and tents are expected to hold a significant market share. Growing demand for jute-based semi-durable fabrics from several end-use applications, such as car upholstery, mines, as fabric in home textiles, and kitchen gloves & aprons among others, is likely to contribute to the market growth in the near future.

Non-durable flame retardants are commonly based on water-soluble salts including boric acid, ammonium sulfate, and ammonium phosphates among others. The flame retardant in this category is washed off instantaneously when drenched in water; however, it can resist dry cleaning. Non-durable products are easily removed by water, rain, or perspiration. These flame retardants are only materially bonded to the fiber surface so that they can be effortlessly accustomed to the tedious textile finishing sequence and, thus, make the process comparatively cheaper.

Technology Insights

Back coating technology held the largest revenue share of 65.6% of the market in 2019 wherein a broad range of chemicals are applied in a coating formulation with regards to the nature of the polymer. Nitrogen and phosphorus-based systems are observed to be the most proficient solutions, as mixtures of these constituents are predominantly efficient during textile production owing to their synergistic effect or additive characteristic.

Back coating is reported to be one of the best collective techniques for textile flame retardancy and is particularly used for upholstery fabrics. Furthermore, the rapid adoption of the back-coating process owing to its value addition to textile fiber is expected to drive the segment over the forecast period. Padding is another prominent technology segment of the market. Padding is one of the primary processes in the dyeing of textile materials.

The process continues as padding, preliminary drying, baking, and after treatment. The padding liquid is a combination of flame retardant, catalyzer, cross-linking agent, softener, and wetting agent. The volume of flame retardant essential largely depends on the test criteria to be met, application conditions, and fabric type. The application of flame retardant to fabrics is finalized with conventional padding, padding with numerous nips and dips, trailed by 30 to 60 seconds settle, provides great results.

End-use Insights

Industrial emerged as the dominant end-use segment with a value share of 37.5% in 2019. Defense, manufacturing, oil & gas, chemicals, and construction industries are expected to play an important role in the growth of the global protective apparel market. According to a report by the India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), the value of exports of textile & apparel market from India is expected to reach USD 82 billion by 2021. The industrial and defense end-use segments held prominent value shares of the market in 2019.

Industrial end-use segment includes mining, chemical, oil & gas, construction, and manufacturing. The workers in the above-mentioned industries are significantly exposed to fire, especially in nailing, cutting, and welding jobs. Therefore, they are required to wear protective clothing made from fire-resistant fabrics. In defense, military combat clothing systems, including ballistic protection systems, comprising body armor; helmet; chemical, biological, or nuclear over suit; and snow camouflage suit are increasingly being used for fire protection.

The most preferred flame-retardant fabric in defense sector is the Proban-treated cotton, where tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium hydroxide is bound to the fiber and is later cured in ammonia. The advantages of such fabrics include cost-effectiveness and low thermal shrinkage in fire. This fabric is majorly used in the navy, anti-flash hood, and gloves applications.

Regional Insights

Asia Pacific held the largest value share of more than 50% in 2019. Asia Pacific is expected to gain higher revenues from China and India over the forecast period owing to significant investments in the textile manufacturing industries across both the economies. Furthermore, in an attempt to match the safety standards of North America or Europe, the manufacturers in Asia Pacific are significantly focusing on production of eco-friendly products, as a significant share of their fire-retardant fabrics is exported to international countries.

The increase in transportation and industrial activities coupled with other factors, such as cheap raw materials, low labor costs, and growing inclination of key mining firms to expand their business in the region due to large mineral resources, is expected to drive the APAC market.

In Europe, the market growth is majorly driven by the fire safety regulations that are comparatively stricter than any other region in the world. This factor coupled with its strong industrial base, has resulted in a prominent consumption of textile flame-retardants in the industrial end-use. However, its consumption in transportation end-use segment is expected to grow at a lucrative rate over the forecast period.

Key Companies & Market Share Insights

Textile flame retardant manufacturing is highly dependent on the abundant availability and favorable costs of raw materials. In the market, successful commercialization of pioneering products such as metal-based flame retardants and investments in production capacity are some of the key factors for the market players. Companies are trying to provide sustainable and environmentally safe products by complying with directives such as WEEE, REACH, and eco-labels. Halogen-free flame retardants qualify for usage according to these directives and thus, are being significantly adopted by end users.

Large multinational corporations, such as Nabaltec AG, Wacker Chemie AG are some of the major suppliers of nitrogen, phosphorus, and aluminum. The market value chain is moving toward a higher degree of integration across the value chain to optimize supply chain efficiency and maximize profit returns. In March 2020, Clariant partnered with Floreon to expand its biopolymer applications to new markets.

Clariant additives such as surface aids, flame retardants, and stabilizers were considered key products for property extension of Floreon’s products. The manufacturers are also focused on establishing long-term supply contracts with distributors/suppliers to ensure continuous supply of their products. Manufacturers can sell their products either directly or through distribution channels. Some prominent players in the textile flame retardant market include:

  • Albemarle Corp.

  • Israel Chemicals Ltd.(ICL)

  • LANXESS AG

  • Clariant International Ltd.

  • Nabaltec AG

Textile Flame Retardants Market Report Scope

Report Attribute

Details

Market size value in 2020

USD 519.6 million

Market volume in 2020

1,84,318.9 tons

Revenue forecast in 2027

USD 682.6 million

Volume forecast in 2027

2,28,895.4 tons

Growth Rate

CAGR of 3.9% from 2020 to 2027 (Revenue-based)

Base year for estimation

2019

Historical data

2016 - 2018

Forecast period

2020 - 2027

Quantitative units

Revenue in USD thousand and CAGR from 2020 to 2027

Report coverage

Revenue forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, trends

Segments covered

Product, application, type, end use, technology, region

Regional scope

North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa

Country scope

U.S., Canada, Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Spain China, India, Japan, Australia, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, GCC

Key companies profiled

Albemarle Corp.; Israel Chemicals Ltd. (ICL); LANXESS AG; Clariant International Ltd.; Nabaltec AG

Customization scope

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Segments Covered in the Report

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2016 to 2027. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global textile flame retardants market report on the basis of product, application, type, end use, technology, and region:

  • Product Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2016 - 2027)

    • Halogenated

      • Brominated

      • Chlorinated

      • Antimony Oxides

      • Boron based

      • Others

    • Non-Halogenated

      • Aluminium Hydroxide

      • Magnesium Dihydroxide

      • Organophosphorous

      • Others

  • Application Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2016 - 2027)

    • Polyester

    • Cotton

    • Viscose

    • Nylon

    • Nylon 6,6

    • PU

    • PVC

    • Polypropylene

    • Aramid

    • Others

  • Type Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2016 - 2027)

    • Durable

    • Semi Durable

    • Non-Durable

  • End-Use Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2016 - 2027)

    • Industrial

    • Defense

    • Public Safety Services

    • Transportation

    • Household

    • Others

  • Technology Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2016 - 2027)

    • Dyeing

      • Padding

      • Back Coating

    • praying

    • Printing

    • Foam Coating

    • Others

  • Regional Outlook (Volume, Tons; Revenue, USD Thousand, 2016 - 2027)

    • North America

      • The U.S.

      • Canada

    • Europe

      • Germany

      • The U.K.

      • France

      • Italy

      • Spain

    • Asia Pacific

      • China

      • India

      • Japan

      • Australia

    • Latin  America

      • Brazil

      • Mexico

    • Middle East & Africa

      • South Africa

      • GCC

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